Intro to Psychology
Intro to Psychology PSYC 1101
Popular in Course
Popular in Psychlogy
This 5 page Study Guide was uploaded by Ms. Alize Rippin on Monday October 12, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to PSYC 1101 at Gordon College taught by Pamela Terry in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 63 views. For similar materials see /class/222102/psyc-1101-gordon-college in Psychlogy at Gordon College.
Reviews for Intro to Psychology
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 10/12/15
Study Guide Test 1 Chapters 1 2 amp 4 Introduction to Psychology Summer Semester 2009 Don t forget to use your fill in the blank study sheets and the wwwprenhallcomlivepsych website Chapter 1 Psychology as a Science 1 What is the current de nition of psychology What do the Greek words psyche and logos mean 2 What is the difference between psychology and psychiatry 3 Who is recognized as the world s first psychologist 4 You should be able to recognize the main focus or a short description of the following perspectives in psychology Of these three perspectives Psychoanalytic behaviorist humanistic which one emphasizes sex and the unconscious mind which one emphasizes control of behavior through its consequences and which one emphasizes human potential and goodness Of the areas of study in psychology which one focuses on thinking and thought processes Which one focuses on the brain in relation to behavior and experience 5 To what specialty area are the largest numbers of PhD s in psychology awarded 6 What are scientific methods What does it mean to be a science How is de ning itselfas a science an advantage to psychology What is the price for psychology of being a science 7 What does it mean to say that a good theory is internally coherent economical and has predictive accuracy and fertility 8 What are three basic types of data collection techniques used by psychologists 9 What is a testable prediction called 10 Describe a case study 11 What is the goal of naturalistic observation What is the primary problem of collecting valid data by observation 12 What is a survey What are the two most common errors in conducting a survey 13 What is a correlation coefficient What can a correlation show What can it not show 14 Why can t a correlation show causality 15 What is the most important reason for doing an experiment 16 What allows researchers to claim evidence of causality from experiments 1 7 What variable represents the assumed cause in an experiment and what does the experimenter do with it What variable represents the assumed effect and what does the experimenter do with it Hint What is manipulated in the experiment and what is measured 18 Why are control groups used and why are participants randomly assigned to groups Chapter 2 Neural and Genetic Bases of Behavior 1 What is a neuron Describe a neuron using the terms dendrites cell body axon and myelin sheath What are three types of neurons 2 What is an action potential and what type of energy does it represent What is a threshold in this context About how fast does a neuron re Is there every any weak or partial ring 3 What type of energy do neurons use in communicating with each other What is are a synapse synaptic gap synaptic cleft and synaptic vesicle There are up to 100 trillion synaptic interconnections in your brain alone 4 You should be able to describe what happens at the synapse What are receptor or binding sites Why is this called a quotlock amp key system What happens after the neurotransmitter has returned to the synaptic gap from the receptor site What is reuptake What is the process that happens ifit does not occur 5 What are neurotransmitters About how many different ones have been identified You should be able to recognize descriptions of these four Acetylcholine required for muscle contraction Dopamine lack of it is a factor in Parkinson s disease an excess is related to schizophrenic hallucinations Serotonin regulates moods lace of it is related to depression Endorphins are the body s endogenous morphine and reduce the perception of pain 6 Psychoactive drugs work by altering the function of the neurotransmitters What does an agonist do What does an antagonist do 7 What does the Central Nervous System consist of 8 What are the two primary divisions of the peripheral nervous system 9 What is a nerve Which part of the nervous system does it belong to 10 What part of the Central Nervous System controls a simple re ex 11 What technologies have been and are being used to study the brain Brie y how does each one work and does it show brain structure or brain activity You should be able to associate the parts structures or locations on the brain that have been discussed in class andor included in your textbook with their primary functions 12 What are the three structures in the hindbrain What is the main or primary function of each 13 What is the name of the structure in the midbrain and what is its important role 14 In the forebrain what do the thalamus and hypothalamus do Which one is associated with the pituitary gland and endocrine system 15 The limbic system overall is associated with emotion Speci cally what structure is associated with rage and fear 16 Which structure in the limbic system is involved in making new neurons and processing new memories 17 Cortical lateralization means to locate some mental function on either the right or left what 18 Name the four lobes of the cerebral cortex Remember there are actually eight because each one is represented on both the right and left hemispheres What is the main or primary function associated with each lobe 19 Why are parts of the body not represented in proportion to their size or mass on the motor and sensory cortexes What principle seems to be in operation here 20 What is an association area and what happens there 21 Is it true that humans only use 10 oftheir brains 22 What is aphasia What functions happen at Broca s and Wemicke s areas 23 What happens when you sever the corpus callosum There might be a question concerning odd behaviors of splitbrain patients 24 What is a hemispherectomy Can a person function normally after this procedure 25 What are the concepts of structural and functional plasticity 26 How do you maximize your brain39s potential 27 What is the blood brain barrier and what does it do Chapter 4 Sensation amp Perception 1 What is the di erence between sensation and perception 2 What is the study of psychophysics What is transduction 3 What is absolute threshold and how is it defined What is subliminal perception 4 How is the di quoterence threshold defined and what is the symbol for it in psychology 5 What does Weber s law say 6 What is sensory adaptation Why does it normally not occur in vision 7 How do we experience wavelengths of light How do we experience amplitude 8 Why do we have a blind spot 9 What are the difkrences between rods and cones how do they relate to the function of each 10 You should know what the retina and the fovea are and what each of the three layers of receptor cellsneurons in the retina is named 11 What are feature detectors 12 What is parallel processing 13 According to the H elmholz trichromatic theory how do we see colors 14 According to Opponent process theory how does one s brain process color information These are complementary and not competing theories 15 What are the three primary colors 16 What is visual capture What is the sense of hearing called 17 Describe the process of hearing Which parts of the ear outer middle or inner collect amplify and transduce sound 18 De ne the following terms auditory canal eardrum hammer anvil stirrup cochlea oval window hair cell Basilar membrane 19 How do we experience sound wave amplitude What scale is used How do we experience soundwave wavelength or frequency 20 What is the decibel level of a rock concert and how is it rated in terms of exposure danger for hearing loss 21 What is your largest and heaviest sense organ 22 What types of sensations does the sense of touch include 2 2 E What is gatecontrol theory 4 What are the two interactive senses What is gustation What is olfaction What type of stimulus energy do these senses respond to 25 Where are taste receptors or tastebuds located How long do they last Does everyone have about the same number or density of them 26 What are the four commonly known distinctive tastes 27 About how many distinct odors can humans detect 10000 28 Where are olfactory receptors located To what structure in the brain do they forward information Does this go through the thalamus 29 To what mental functions does smell have a mysterious connection 30 What is kinesthesis and what are the receptors for this sense called Where are they located 3 1 What is the vestibular sense and where are the receptors for this located 32 Who were the Gestalt psychologists 33 What is a gestalt 34 What is the primary cue that we use to identify an object 35 What is the principle of figureground 36 Describe each of the five perceptual grouping principles 3 7 Describe the two binocular cues for depth perception 38 Describe five monocular cues for depth perception 39 What is the sizedistance relationship 40 What is the MullerLyer illusion How does it depend upon the sizedistance relationship according to the carpenteredworld hypothesis 41 What is perceptual set 42 What is extrasensory perception ESP What are telepathy precognition psycho kinesis clairvoyance remote Viewing 43 What is parapsychology 44 What types of research have been done 45 What explanations does psychology offer for paranormal phenomena Answer Psychology does Not endorse as a natural human ability Consider the possibility of trickery Consider the possibility of misperception imagination or intuition Psychology cannot speculate about the supernatural 46 Why do psychologists refuse to endorse ESP as a natural although unusual human ability
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'