PSYCH 100s Midterm Study Guide
PSYCH 100s Midterm Study Guide PSYX 100S-03
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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Isabella Sturgeon on Monday October 12, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to PSYX 100S-03 at University of Montana taught by Kali Diane Strickland (P) in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 150 views. For similar materials see Intro to Psychology in Liberal Arts at University of Montana.
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Date Created: 10/12/15
Psychology 1005 Midterm Study Guide At the end of this study guide will be a link to a set of quizlet flashcards with helpful terms and examples from all 6 chapters Chapter 1 The Evolution of Psychology This lesson goes through the history of psychology and how it has evolved to become the science it is today Main Points There are two main branches of psychology clinical and applied Wilhiem Wundt is essentially the founder of psychology G Stanley Hall established the first psychology research labs at John Hopkin s University in 1883 Structuralism is about analyzing the elements of consciousness and used introspection Edward Titchner supported this school of thought Functionalism is about the purpose of consciousness not structure William James supported this Freud and the unconscious Watson pushes for a change in the direction of psychology and believes only observable behaviors should be studied behaviorism Skinner believes that free will does not exisist and that behavior is determined by environment 0 quotOrganisms tend to repeat responses that lead to positive outcomes and they tend to not repeat responses that lead to neutral or negative responses Humanists think that psychology is dehumanizing and discount research that has been done on animals Chapter 2 The Research Enterprise in Psychology This chapter relates psychology to everyday questions This chapter also gives insight into research methods in psychology and how results are analyzed Main Points Mostly vocab to know Scientific investigation Independent and dependent variable Control and experimental group Confounding variables Naturalistic observation Case studies and surveys Positive and negative correlations Placebo Sampling and experimenter bias Ethics about animal research Chapter 3 The Biological Bases of Behavior This chapter is about the nervous system and how it relays messages back and forth Memorization of key vocabulary is essential for success in this chapter Main Points and Vocabulary Soma Dendrite Axon Myelin Terminal button Synapse Neural impulse Ions Postsynaptic potential Neuron at rest Action potential All or None Law Neurotransmitters The three monoamines Peripheral and central nervous systems Autonomic and somatic nervous systems EEG Major parts in the hindbrain midbrain and forebrain Chapter 4 Sensation and Perception This chapter is all about how stimuli are received through sense of smell sight taste touch and hearing Main Points and Vocabulary Anatomy of the eye 0 Cornea Lens Pupil Optic nerve Re na Rods and Cones o Optic chiasm Additive color mixing Subtractive color mixing Trichromatic theory Opponent process theory Depth perception Monocular cues OOOOO Feature detection theory Top down and bottom up processing Phi Phenomenon Auditory system 0 Amplitude o Wavelength o Clarity Anatomy of the ear 0 External 0 Middle 0 Inner Place theory Frequency theory Wavelength theory Gustatory system 5 primary tastes Olfactory system does not go to thalamus Touch Absolute threshold Chapter 5 Variations in Consciousness This chapter gets more into the unconscious and what happens to our bodies when we sleep Main Points and Vocabulary Levels of Consciousness Freud Four main brain waves Sleep cycles REM sleep Sleep spindles Dreams Theories of dreaming Circadian rhythm Sleep deprivation Sleep disorders Meditation Drugs effect on CNS Chapter 6 Learning This chapter is about the different ways organisms react to stimulus and how they can be trained to react to stimulus through different types of conditioning Main Points and Vocabulary Classicalconditioning Unconditioned stimulus Conditioned stimulus Extinction Spontaneous recovery Stimulus generalization 0 First and second order stimulus Operant conditioning o Reinforcement positive and negative 0 Punishment positive and negative Reinforcement schedules 0 Ratio 0 Interval Escape learning Avoidance learning Learned helplessness Observational learning OOOOO Below is the quizlet link for study questions from all chapters A password may be required to access the deck the password is Missoula Enjoy httpsquizletcom98228065psychologyloosmidtermflashcards
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