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Behavioral Research, Exam 2 notes

by: Kali Webster

Behavioral Research, Exam 2 notes 30503

Marketplace > Texas Christian University > Psychlogy > 30503 > Behavioral Research Exam 2 notes
Kali Webster

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These notes cover material for exam 2
Behavioral Research
Study Guide
Behavioral Research
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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Kali Webster on Tuesday March 22, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to 30503 at Texas Christian University taught by Wiese in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 24 views. For similar materials see Behavioral Research in Psychlogy at Texas Christian University.


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Date Created: 03/22/16
Notes for Exam 2 ETHICS - Unethical studies o (monster study)  Wendell Johnson Stuttered  He wanted to know why people stuttered  “stuttering is a learned behavior”  Participants fluent orphans and demi-orphans  Pre- measure measuring verbal fluency  Independent variable he took 12 “fluent kids”  6 were told that they were stutterers  6 were “normal fluent speaker”  Dependent Variable people were brought and they examined how well the kids spoke  Results no significant results (no support to hypothesis)  The people who were told that they were stutterers were less- confident speakers and sued o Stanley Milgram’s obedience to Authority study  WWII “how could the German soldiers commit such horrible things in the Genocide?”  Hypothesis they did it because of authority  “Will participants follow authority even if it means hurting someone?”\  Experimenter authority (in a white lab coat)  Participant teacher  Confederate learner  Learning phrase pair of words said  Testing phase one words given, and the confederate said the other  Outcome measure how many men will go all the way on the shock (%)  Results 65% of men went all the way o “Does physical proximity with another person increase physiological arousal?”  Occurred in men’s bathroom  IV confederate followed man and stood next to him while urinating  Half picked urinal one away  Half picked urinal two away  Control no confederate  DV how long it took for the man to pee - Ethical standard 8 o Institutional Approval- IRB (institutional review board) what researchers need to follow  Ethically  Must be more than 5 people  One member must be a scientist  One member must have an academic interest outside of science  Member of the m=community less bias - Informed consent tell participants how long it’s going to take… o What they’re going to be doing o What’s going to be upsetting o That they can stop whenever they want o Contact information if there is unethical occurrences o That their information is confidential - We now have a cost-benefit analysis - APA: 5 general principles o 1. Beneficence and non-maleficence don’t cause suffering o 2. Fidelity and responsibility establish trust with their participants and take responsibility if they do something wrong o 3. Integrity strive to be accurate and honest o 4. Justice treat people equally o 5. Respect for others rights and dignity make sure the participants are old enough - Why do we use deception? o Telling participants a false objective of the study allows for natural responses o You need to debrief them afterwards MEASUREMENTS - Observable measures smile, heartrate - Abstract psychological measures self-esteem, cognition, emotion, behavior - Conceptual definition dictionary definition - Operational definition questionnaire that measures construct (measures/manipulations/conceptual definition) - Measures in psychology is reducing a psychological, behavioral, or physiological phenomena into a number so we can do stats on the numbers (data to work with) - Categorical data categories (man vs woman) - Continuous data the number has meaning/ scale - Self-report measures: o Explicit filling out questionaries’ o Implicit gut reaction, unconscious properties o Explicit self-reports from judges Judges rate - Question types: o Open-ended you can write as much as you want o Forced-choice respond to given answers (Y vs N) o Likert Scale/Likert-type scale rate on a scale o Semantic differential on a scale, but there is one extreme on both sides (pain _ _ _ _ no pain) o Implicit self-report gut reaction  IAT  Study: white participants who took the IAT and experienced to white and black experimenter, who did they smile the most at, or get the closest to o Explicit self- reports form judges someone is asked to come in and judge someone’s personality, self-esteem, etc.  Study (track boys aggression for 6 years (4 to 10 grade)  Aggression went down over time - Ethics related to researcher o Reporting accurate results o Date fabrication making up data to support your hypothesis  Example: Diederik Stapel


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