PSYC OF LEARNING
PSYC OF LEARNING PSYC 4032
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This 5 page Study Guide was uploaded by Javonte Nolan on Tuesday October 13, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to PSYC 4032 at Louisiana State University taught by Jeffrey Tiger in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 28 views. For similar materials see /class/222955/psyc-4032-louisiana-state-university in Psychlogy at Louisiana State University.
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Date Created: 10/13/15
Psych 4032 TEST 5 Study Guide 342010 80800 PM PUNISHMENT Ch 7 Topic 11 Define o Positive Punishment the presentation of stimuli that decreases the future occurrence of behavior 0 Ex walking barefoot at the beach on a sunny day produces painful burning 0 Ex coming too close to a wasp nest produces stinging Negative Punishment The removal of stimuli that decreases the future occurrence of behavior 0 Ex leaving bread unattended when fishing ducks eat the bread you are less likely to leave unattended in the future Be able to distinguish between positive and negative punishment in examples o Mother makes son do chores as a result he doesn t act badly anymore Positive punishment o Mother takes video games away as a result kid doesn t act bad anymore Negative punishment Define o Time Out removal of reinforcer in negative punishment is temporary o NonExclusionary Time Out with the individual in the normal setting while at the same time removing reinforcer Ex Planned ignoring timeout ribbons o Exclusiona ry Time Out Excluding the individual from the normal setting to remove the reinforcer Ex Kicking kid out of class 0 Seclusionary Time Out Excluding the individual from the normal setting to remove the reinforcer by putting the individual by hisher self Ex Putting kid in room alone o Response Cost removal of reinforcer in negative punishment is permanent Be able to give examples of both procedures o Fines Penalites Response Cost o Restriction grounding Time Out Describe variables related to the effectiveness of punishment Contingency Is punishment delivered for each instance of behavior or intermittently Contiguity The interval of time between the occurrence of behavior and the delivery of punishment Punishment Intensity Strength of the punishment History of Experience with Punishment Gradual increase in punishment resistance and habituation Reinforcement of the Punished Response Aversiveness of punishment must outweigh the value of reinforcement Alternative Sources of Reinforcement Reduction is more rapid if there is an alternative means of obtaining reinforcement Deprivation Level The more valuable the reinforcement the more responding will persist Describe side effects associated with punishment Punishing Agent parent teacher is paired with punishment 0 Can acquire aversive properties 0 Can evoke escape behavior running away Aggression o Tendency to attack those who punish o Called countercontrol Punishing behaviors tend to be imitated 0 Children who are spanked may hit their friends Apathy 0 Effects of punishment may spread beyond the behavior which produced punisher Abuse of Punishment 0 How intense should a punisher be to start 0 What techniques should you attempt prior to punishment 0 What behaviors are sufficiently problematic to warrant punishment Be familiar with the guidelines and ethical considerations for the use of punishment c When is punishment appropriate 0 When problem behavior causes serious harm or greatly limits quality of life 0 When reinforcement has not been effective o Identifying Effective and Appropriate punishment 0 Use a punishment assessment 0 Start with a high intensity 0 Vary punishers to avoid habituation o Guidelines 0 Punish each instance of problem behavior Supplement punishment with reinforcement Be prepared for undesirable side effects Collect and Evaluate data 0 O O SOCIAL LEARNING AND DEVELOPMENT OF IMITATION Ch9 Topic 12 Define o Vicarious Learning aka socialobservational learning A change in behavior due to the experience of observing a model engage in the same behavior 0 Observational Respondent Learning If you observe the paring of a tone with a shock to a model the tone will serve as a conditioned stimulus for you because you saw it o Observational Operant Learning If you observe the behavior of another person are you more likely to engage in that behavior Yes because we can learn conditioned behaviors through observation Describe common situations in which observational learning may be important o Media s effect on society role models Describe a good model o Competent Attractive Likeable Prestige Popularity o Children are most likely to imitate o People attracted to others with higher looks status same gender 342010 80800 PM 342010 80800 PM
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