Criminology 012 Final Exam Study Guide
Criminology 012 Final Exam Study Guide 012
Popular in Soc/Crim 012
Popular in Criminology and Criminal Justice
This 11 page Study Guide was uploaded by Leslie Notetaker on Thursday December 4, 2014. The Study Guide belongs to 012 at Pennsylvania State University taught by Robicheaux in Fall2014. Since its upload, it has received 193 views. For similar materials see Soc/Crim 012 in Criminology and Criminal Justice at Pennsylvania State University.
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Date Created: 12/04/14
Criminology 012 Final Exam Study Guide Robicheaux Chapter 7 Intro Nov 10 Social Con ict Perspective held by Karl Marx Society is made up of diverse social groups Q What is this diversity based on A The distinctions that people believe to be signi cant Each group holds differing distinctions of right amp wrong Moralistic conceptions and behavior standards vary from group to group Nov 17 Con ict Theory Assumptions 1 Con ict between groups is unavoidable Example gender con ict racial con ict The fundamental nature of Group Con ict centers on the exercise of political power Means that someone is in charge the president congressmen etc Law is a tool of power that furthers the interests of those powerful enough to make it 0 People in power often have their own agenda they may not necessarily be in the best interest of the people 0 Latent power of the system what the system actually does as opposed what it is designed to do side motives Those in power are inevitably interested in maintaining their power against those who would usurp it Usurp means to take the place of 4 Turke Law is a tool serving those who seek power over others Policy Implications of Socialism 1 Contemporary Radical Criminology Criminal engage in crimes to change society 0 Criminals are not merely puppets They deliberately are trying to make a point through their crimes to change society 0 Example An American man attempted to travel to Cuba which is illegal because he wanted to get arrested so he could ght the charge and eventually the law in appellate court He attempted to deliberately commit the crime so he could make a point and try to change society 0 Example Eco terrorists They commit crimes such as releasing test animals from laboratories to take a stance against animal testing They are committing a crime with a purpose This theory explains some crime but not all such as gang violence Peace Keeping Criminology November 21 How might social problems be solved from the perspective of peacemaking criminology 0 Focuses on restoration rather than deterrence C C Peace Keemng Social Control Agencies C a A ampCitizens 39 Alleviate Social Problems Criminolo 93 0 Example Some Indian tribes used to make people who committed murder make up for their crimes by replacing the person they killed Essentially living with the deceased family and taking on their duties This was to force them to appreciate 0 Some argue that the outside population should be studied because many people are never caught for their crimes black gure of crime All postmodern criminologies build on the feeling that past criminological approaches have failed to realistically assess the true causes of crime and have therefore failed to offer workable solutions for crime control 0 Post modern criminologists believe we need to move away from theories from the 3039s 4039s and 5039s Instead we should focus on more recent methods Homicide 0 A very rare crime Areas of Homicide 1 Manslaughter 2 Murder class will focus on this First Degree M urder The intentional killing of someone Intentpre meditated Criminal Homicide 0 Causing or Aiding Suicide 0 Drug delivery resulting in death 0 Criminal homicide of law enforcement Patterns of Homicide Common misconception that murder rate is on the rise based on surveys Homicide rates have declined since early 199039s but There are rises in homicide rates by amp against young black males This is based on community amp gang activity murder is usually interracial within own race Death Penalty Cases 1970 s Court reinstated death penalty 0 Woodsen v North Carolina 1976 Rued that speci c criteria must be met to get the death penalty 0 Edmund v Florida 1982 you can39t execute who did not mean to kill someone Example If someone is speeding and hits and kills a child they can39t receive the death penalty bc they didn39t intentionally kill the child McCleskwy v Kemp 1987 in Georgia This case had research done by Baldus found that death penalty was sought more so for blacks killing whites rather than other combinations In Pa there are 17 factors that must be examined for someone to get DP Research found that in Philadelphia the race of a victim was the most telling factor of the verdict Being wealthy attractive amp rich makes it much easier to get out of crimes must be 18 time of crime to be eligible for DP Supreme court used research to justify changing their mind bc public opinion on the DP changed December 4 2014 Death Quali cation DP death penalty There are 2 phases of a death penalty trial 0 1 phaseGuity verdict 2 phasejury examines whether DP should be imposed or not Mandatory death sentences are not allowed Example The law can39t say that everyone who commits rst degree murder be executed DP is given on an individual basis according to set legal basses that juries must consider What does death quali cation mean It does not mean who quali es to be executed It means which people are quali ed to serve on a death penalty jury 0 Jurors who are adamantly against the DP in all circumstances are not allowed to serve on DP jury Jurors who believe the DP should be used for everyone who commits murder cant serve However if a juror personally disagrees with the DP but agrees to acknowledge and follow the law which allows DP they can serve Sopersonal stance on the DP does not make someone quali ed to serve on the jury of a DP trial or not Rather it39s their agreement to follow the law or not Death Penalty Support Trends Generally 11 Believed that Americans weren39t informed on DP process and that the more people knew about it the less they supported it Serial Killers Are very rare 0 Typologies types of serial killers We will study 2 major types 1 Organized Ex BTK KillerDenis Rader 2 Disorganized Ex Richard Ramirez Organized serial killers are more likely to 0 Bring their own weapon 0 Drive a car Plan meticulously 0 Disguise victim after the fact cover their face bc they don39t want to face what they39ve done cowards Disorganized serial killers are more likely to Use a weapon of opportunity Engage in sexual acts with the corpse Be sloppy
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