Film Studies Final Study Guide
Film Studies Final Study Guide 21149
University of Washington Tacoma
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This 6 page Study Guide was uploaded by Daniel Kiefer on Thursday December 4, 2014. The Study Guide belongs to 21149 at University of Washington Tacoma taught by Dr. Coon in Fall2014. Since its upload, it has received 324 views. For similar materials see Film Studies in Media at University of Washington Tacoma.
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Date Created: 12/04/14
Diegesi diegetic nondiegetic Diegesis The sphere or world in which the narrated evens and others occur E g Middle Earth in Lord of the Rings The world of witchcraft and Wizardry in Harry Potter A certain galaxy far far away in Star Wars Diegetic Tangible in the world of the film the diegesis Nondiegetic Not tangible in the world of the film E g backgroundtheme music narrator s voice in most cases a character speaking to the audience Blockbusters high concept films saturation marketing horizontal integration Blockbusters A large budget film made by one of the major studios E g Paramount Disney 20th Century Fox High Concept Films A simple and ofent striking idea or premise of a film Something that often leads to easy promotion also promoted with famous stars to the public despite its actual quality E g Snakes on a Plane Hobo with a Shotgun Jurassic Park Ghostbusters Jaws Saturation marketing A certain point in a film s success they can no longer improve the film based on quantity of who buys it but the quality of the film itself E g Film doing so well so it was then made for blueray Horizontal Integration Film industries becoming more even in standing with the public Instead of having just a few dominating studios Paramount Disney 20 Century Fox the industry becomes more diverse Characteristics of Current Film Industry outsourcing runawav nroduction crezniie centralization Block booking and relationship to vertigll integration Outsourcing Practice used by different companies to reduce costs by transferring portions of work to outside suppliers rather than completing it internally E g It might be cheaper for Paramount to finish certain parts of film editing if they send it to a Chinese branch Runaway Production Films or TV shows that are intended for initial release in the US but are acutally filmed in another country E g Twilight being filmed in Canada even though it was supposed to take place in Seattle Creative Centralization The production of ideas have become more centralized E g It s mostly the high budget studios trying to spread certain ideologies today Block Booking An outlawed method that used to be used back in the day to force a buyer to purchase a studios less successful film in order to be able to buy their more successful one Ensuring success for both films E g Oh you want to buy Avatar from me Well you ll have to buy Ghosts of the Abyss too then or it s a no go This relates to the term Vertical Integration because the companies that have a single success will guarantee the success of their less popular films just because they forced the buyers to get them with the films that they actually wanted to buy Roles of the director producer executive producer Droduction designer director of photography shot is being changed E g shot on character driving then on their view of what they re seeing then back to the character Primgrv components of sound Dialogue Text dialogue as it is Line reading how a character delivers the line subtext what is meant by the words Music Sets mood character development presents what character is feeling Sound Effects Defines location lend mood on environment portray the environmental impact on characters Relationship between sound and image in lm Filmmakers may intentionally make a contrast between Onscreen and offscreen space Objective images and subjective sound Diegetic details and non diegetic sound Image time and sound time Image mood and sound mood Sound captured during production and sound added in Dostnroduction It s exactly that Some sound it recorded during production when other sound music sound effects etc are added during editing to add the beauty to the film Dialogue primary functions how it conveys meaning Dialogue Text dialogue as it is Line reading how a character delivers the line subtext what is meant by the words Especially the subtext of wording the dialogue can convey all sorts of meaning Functions of sounds effects and music Music Sets mood character development presents what character is feeling Sound Effects Defines location lend mood on environment portray the environmental impact on characters De ning an auteur in the film industry A director of a film that is a primary creative source and therefore his films express his own distinctive vision of the world Andrew Sarris criteria for being an auteur Technical competence makes the film well Distinguishable personality across all their films Interior meaning Ideology or theme behind original story Criticisms of the auteur approach Pauline Kaul s criticism of Andrew Sarris criteria Technical competence doesn t take into account visual artistry Distribution can be anything from a low budget distribution right to DVD or TV or could be a high budget make it to the theatres and blockbuster Exhibition how the film is advertised for narrative films would normally be commercials and previews and possibly more based on how highly anticipated the film is Avant Garde Motivation is to artistically express the filmmakers view on the world Subject matter message is not typically refined Distribution of an avant garde is typically just in museums art theaters and universities Exhibition how the film is advertised is typically a more local style of advertising iers and word of mouth Documentary Motivation is to investigate real world issues Subject matter message is about pushing for change E g Blackfish wanted change for how people treated animals Distribution of a documentary is typically the film being aired on television shown at festivals and smaller theaters The P113921mount Co11sent Decree and its imp2Lt 1948 Supreme Court decision declared that studios were monopolizing they were by a lot made studios diverse their theaters among other smaller studios and this was the end of the studio era This allowed smaller studios to compete in the film industry the same as larger film studios Elements of Classical Hollywood Style Uses a lot of continuity editing invisible style framing focuses on actors gestures and facial expresses mostly and uses a three point lighting technique or the set E g The movie Psycho uses a continuity editing style for the famous shower murder scene If you pay attention to where the cameras are most of the time during the films we ve seen recently they are typically facing towards someone giving attention to the actors physical expressions Threepoint lighting is when there s the key light shining in front of the actor and behind the camera to generate the main lighting source the fill light is to generate the direction of the shadows on set and the back light is illuminate behind the actor to make them stand apart from the background Economic role of star in the lm industry Actors who are so popular to the viewers that the filmmakers will pay them a lot extra just to have them starred in their film and help market their film But eventually when an actor is no longer popular among the audience it s very hard for them to get themselves back into the spotlight and have filmmakers pay them the same amounts as their days as a star E g In Sunset Boulevard Norma Desmond was desperately trying to become popular among the film industry since the several decades of her leaving the studios And for any of you who ve seen that movie you know that she wasn t even getting close At most she was welcome as a visitor in the studios nrious approaches to studvin2 Clueless Hunting s article most films took males to be in the lead roles and leadership roles of
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