Review of exam 3 chapters for final
Review of exam 3 chapters for final 3501
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This 16 page Study Guide was uploaded by Viviana on Thursday December 4, 2014. The Study Guide belongs to 3501 at Florida International University taught by Perr in Fall2014. Since its upload, it has received 92 views. For similar materials see CHS in Chemistry and Biochemistry at Florida International University.
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Date Created: 12/04/14
OOOOO Date rape drug Domestically produced Easily synthesized by combination of GBL and sodium hydroxide Easy access to recipes through the internet Generally added to water soft drinks or alcohol colorless and hard to detect Imported vs domestic O O Imported drugs I Cocaine HCI I Heroin I MDMA I Marijuana US manufactured I Meth I GHB I Marijuana I Crack I MDMA Clandestine Labs 0 O Illicit operations consisting of chemicalsequipment necessary to manufacture a controlled substance Found in hotel rooms collegeprivate company labs warehouses private homes storage facilities car trunks buried buses etc Chemicals obtained through chemical companies theft synthesis from precursors local grocery store hardware store Operator may have anything from PhD in chemistry from being a cook with an underground recipe found on the internet Types of clandestine labs O O O 0 1970s amphetamine methamphetamine PCP angel dust MDA 1980s cocaine conversion methaqualone synthesis amp tableting 1990s methamphetamine methcathinone MDMA aminorex GHB marijuana grow houses 2000 to present meth GHB MDA MDMA weed grow houses Color test 0 Scott Reagent I Cocaine makes it turn blue I Test for cocaine I Solution is pink and turns blue after 1 step 9 blue color 2nd step 9 pink 3rd step 9 pink moves above the blue I This test is used for cocaine propane turns its blue I The pink is water blue is sample Most common illicit drugs marijuana cocaine heroin benzodiazepines amphetamines 0 Drug Schedule o Schedule I I Has no medical use I High potential for abuse I Heroin LSD marijuana o Schedule II I Drug has current accepted medical use I High potential for abuse I Abuse may lead to sever dependence I Cocaine meth amphetamine o Schedule III I Has current accepted medical use I Low potential for abuse I Abuse may lead to limited dependence I Valium Xanax 0 Schedule V I Has accepted medical use I Drug has lowest potential for abuse I Cough medicine Cocaine normally comes from south and central America barbiturates Marijuana typically comes from amaica and is grown domestically MDMA comes from Europe Meth comes from Mexico Heroin comes from poppy plants which are traditionally cultivated in Central Asian regions Cannabis can be cultivated easily in most regions Synthetics like ecstasy meth and LSD are made in various labs across regions Drug producing regions o The golden triangle Burma Thailand and Laos South America Colombia Peru Bolivia North Africa Morocco West Africa Nigeria Stimulants OOOO Relieve fatigue Increase energy Increase heart rate and blood pressure Natural caffeine nicotine cocaine Synthetic Amphetamine Meth Methcathinone CAT Commonly abused stimulant Methamphetamine I Schedule II I Most is produced illegally in labs OOOOOOO The golden crescent Pakistan Afghanistan Iran Uzbekistan Drugs that speed you up and speed up the bodies metabolism MICROSCOPE A microscope is an optical instrument that uses a lens or combination of lenses to magnify and resolve the fine detail of an object The correct way to carry a microscope is by holding the arm and the base A par focal a unique microscope that when an image is focused with one objective in position the other objective can be rotated into place and the field will remain in focus Monocular a microscope with one eye piece Binocular a microscope with two eye pieces Total magnification ocular x objective Magnification without additional detail is considered empty magnification Simple microscope o Magnifying lens SX 10x 0 Magnification takes place in one stage or step Stereoscopic microscope 0 Binocular Nonobjective Most frequently used in crime labs Low power magnification of 10x 125x Advantages presents good 3D images of the object 0 Wide field of view Compound microscope 0 High magnification with short working distances 0 Two stages objective and ocular 0 Mechanical system I Base arm stage body tube etc 0 Optical system I Light source condenser objective lens ocular lens etc Comparison microscope 0 Two compound microscopes with optical bridge 0 Forensic applications I Hair and fibers Transmitted illumination I Bullets and casings Re ected illumination Polarization of light 0 Plane polarized light I Light confined to a single plane of vibration o Polarizer I A device that permits the passage of light waves vibrating in only one plane 0 O O O PIIIARMACOKINETIC PHASE Absorpiiori Portal Enierok ep cufi c circulation ci rlcul a ti on Liver or Bile I Intestine tr Bioiransfornzaiion N E l39 Kidney quotquotquotquot I Systemic quotquot39 Circulation 4quotquotquotLu ngS I Diswibu on Absorption Body Tissues Alcohol 0 O Humans have a closed circulatory system consisting of a heart arteries veins and capillaries Alcohol is absorbed from the stomach and small intestine into the blood stream Alcohol is carried to the liver where the process of its destruction starts Blood carrying alcohol moves to the heart and is pumped to the lungs In the lungs carbon dioxide and alcohol leave the blood and oxygen enters the blood in the air sacs known as alveoli Then the carbon dioxide and alcohol are exhaled during breathing Alcohol and the law 0 O 0 Alcohol deteriorates judgment and self control Alcohol impairs the transmission of sensory impulses from the brain to the muscles by increasing reaction time thick speech and staggering gait Death by respiratory paralysis may ensue Alcohol affects vision and hearing time require to attain single vision greatly increases by a factor of 2 at 01 and a factor of 4 at 015 of blood alcohol concentrations I 05 a person is not under the in uence I 08 or higher a person is under the in uence Absorption of alcohol 0 Passage of alcohol across the wall of the stomach and small intestine into the bloodstream Fate of alcohol in the body 0 0 When absorption period is completed alcohol will become evenly distributed throughout watery portions of body 9598 oxidized
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