Southeast Asia Study Guide
Southeast Asia Study Guide GEOG1010
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This 2 page Study Guide was uploaded by Samantha Allison on Tuesday March 22, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to GEOG1010 at Auburn University taught by Mc.Gowin in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 190 views. For similar materials see Global Geography in GEOG at Auburn University.
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Date Created: 03/22/16
SOUTHEAST ASIA STUDY GUIDE 1 Which river of Southeast Asia runs through or borders all mainland Southeast Asian countries and is known for its giant catfish? Mekong River 2 Which country is known for its floating markets, a reflection of the importance of rivers in the region? Chao Phraya River 3 How do the population patterns of mainland Southeast Asia differ from that of Insular Southeast Asia? Mainland populations are focused around rivers and deltas, insular/islands are very densely populated because there are many volcanoes on the islands so the population has to work around those 4 In terms of physical geography, how does the island of Borneo differ from the Indonesian islands of Java and Sumatra? Borneo has no volcanoes and is mostly made up of limestone and rainforests making it bad for agriculture, whereas Java and Sumatra have many volcanoes and are very rugged with good soil for agriculture 5 Compared to the Pacific Ocean, why was the death toll from the 2004 Sumatra Tsunami so widespread, affecting all regions along the Indian Ocean rim? Because it was effected by a 9.1 earthquake and the Indian ocean is smaller with more countries/regions bordering it within a closer proximity creating a higher death toll of 18,400. 6 Though not the sole reason, the eruption of what volcano aided in the closing of Clark Air Base? Mt. Pinatubo (The Philippines) 7 How did Malaysia and Indonesia differ in their approach to deforestation on the island of Borneo? Malaysia allows logging, while Indonesia banned logging and made Kutai National Park to protect wildlife 8 What is a primate city? It’s when the first largest city is many, many times larger than the second one; not even comparable really, it’s that much bigger 9 Know what explains the high birth rates in the Philippines, East Timor, and Laos. The Philippines’ high birth rates are due to the fact that it’s a Catholic country and Catholics don’t believe in contraceptives. East Timor is also a Catholic country, but on top of that it’s also very underdeveloped/poor and poor countries usually have higher birth rates. Laos is very economically isolated and developed which leads to higher birth rates. 10 What is transmigration? When the government tries to ease some of the migration strain on certain places by offering incentives for people to move to less populated areas. 11 Why have farmers from the island of Java struggled to reproduce farming practices on other islands, such as Borneo? Because they have very different cultures and their farming techniques don’t work on other islands. 12 Who are the Rohingya? A minority group that moved from Bangladesh to Mayanmar (ethnically Bangladesh, but religiously Muslim – which is different from the rest of Mayanmar). Because of their differencesthey’re very discriminated against and often prosecuted. They’re seen as terrorists (even though they’re not) by some locals. 13 What economic activity have some of the rebel groups in Karen state used to fund its opposition against the Myanmar government? Drug production/drug trafficking – specifically opium production used for heroin 14 Know the three major outside influences discussed in class. South Asian (Indian), Chines, and Islamic a Expect a “which of the following is NOT…” type of question 15 What particular event provided the catalyst for the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, Hawai'i? The U.S. was in the Philippines gaining power and Japan didn’t like a foreign power being so close to it 16 Due to its large Englishspeaking population, which East Asian country is becoming a site for U.S. call centers? The Philippines 17 Know the two Christian countries in Southeast Asia. Philippines (Spanish brought Catholicism here) and East Timor (Portuguese brought Catholicism here) 18 Though more violent than other groups in southern Philippines, what is the ultimate goal of the terrorist group Abu Sayyaf? They want to reform the government by bringing in Quranic Law 19 Which Southeast Asian language’s written language was designed by French missionaries, and thus today uses a Latinbased alphabet and script? Vietnamese 20 What purpose did the declaration of Bahasa Indonesian serve the country? It was created to unify the people because there was so much diversity 21 How did the United States misunderstand the situation in Viet Nam? Vietnam was fighting for independence whereas the U.S. was just fighting to contain communism because they thought it would spread, but Vietnam just wanted to be fully unified and independent for once 22 Most Hmong that fled to the U.S. reside in which region of the country, a fact reflected in the film Gran Torino? The Midwest 23 Which country invaded Cambodia, acting as a sort of savior to help end the "Killing Fields" and the brutal regime of Pol Pot? Vietnam 24 What was the primary cause of the increase in commercial, Westernoriented prostitution in Thailand? Prostitutes were originally used to help comfort U.S. soldiers who were away from home during the war, but after the war ended there were all these prostitutes left so they turned it into what it is now and Thailand is known as the “country of sex” and a “sexual playground” now 25 In terms of prevalence, which region of Thailand has been affected the hardest by HIV? The North 26 What is the primary source of division with regards to the ongoing turmoil in Thailand? Yingluck Shinawatra (most recently elected president) tried to unify the Rural and Urban regions by helping the rural people become more equal, but the Urban people don’t like that 27 What attribute is unique about the Mingangkabau of Sumatra? It’s a matrilineal society – power and property is handed down through the females in the family 28 What is the source of the resource dispute between Australia and East Timor? Oil rights/control. Indonesia drew the line unequally giving Australia 80% control over a huge oil hotspot and East Timor only 20%. East Timor redrew the line after they became independent from Indonesia to give themselves 80% control and profit 29 Which water body creates a natural “choke point” that generates opportunities for pirate attacks in Southeast Asia? The Strait of Malacca 30 What country essentially banned Christmas by outlawing public displays of the holiday? Brunei 31 What was the principle cause for Malaysia to kick out Singapore? Singapore was fighting to have better representation since the majority of their population is Chinese, but Malaysia didn’t want to be represented as Chinese.
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