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Flashcards / south asia - economy, independence and regions

south asia - economy, independence and regions

south asia - economy, independence and regions

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School: Woodward Beauty College
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Tags: Woodward Beauty College
Cost: 25
Name: south asia - economy, independence and regions
Uploaded: 03/22/2016
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Front
Back

Economic Benefits of British Rule

Focused on Transportation and Industrialization

Transportation

Railroad Networks

Seaports

Located in Coastal Cities of: Bombay, Calcutta, Madras and Karachi

The Seaports

Manufacturing Industries and Biggest Asian Ports

Partition and Independence

In 1947

The Problem

Religious Regionalism, Viable Solution in India and Pakistan

Strong Native Leaders

Gandhi, Nehru and Jinnah

Gandhi

Cultural and Religious Leader

Nehru

From the Indian National Congress

Jinnah

First Muslim President of Independent Pakistan

Widespread Violence caused by

Large Population Transfers

Muslims fear

Hindu Domination in India

Post Independence

In India, Pakistan and Bangladesh

India

World's Largest Democracy, Federal State

Pakistan and Bangladesh

Became Islamic Republics

Bangladesh

Was Early Pakistan since 1971

Regions of South Asia

India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka and the Himalayan States

India's Population

Second most populous country - over 1 Billion

India's Population Growth

Has Slowed Down

India's Urbanization

25% Urbanized - 250 Million

India's Economy

Has finally Expanded

India's Agriculture

Is largely rural and agrarian, Subsistence Peasantry

India's Agricultural Population

1.5 Million Rural Villages

Large Industrial Base

Foundation laid by British

Industrial Concentrations

Mumbai-Ahmadabad Region, West Bengal

South India

India's Silicon Valley - Bangalore

Pakistan

Muslim Dominant Country

Pakistan's Population Growth

Relatively Rapid

Pakistan's Legacy of

Political Instability and Turmoil

Pakistan's Population

Mainly Rural and Peasants - 70%

Illiteracy Rate

Over 65% - Females Higher

Pakistan's Location

Centered on Indus Plain

Pakistan's Core

Punjab - Lahore

Pakistan's Forward Capital

Islamabad

Pakistan's Second Core

Sind - South

Largest City and Commercial Hub

Karachi - 12 Million

Bangladesh

Former Pakistan since 1971

Bangladesh Dominant

Muslim Religion

Rule of Thumb

Extremely Poor and Overpopulated

Bangladesh's Essential Resources

Are Deficient in Energy

Bangladesh's Factors

Peasant Economy, Land and Population Pressures

Bangladesh's Topography

Is Flat and Prone to Natural Disasters

Sri Lanka Population and Distribution

20 Million - 70% Buddhist and 30% Hindu

Sri Lanka's Legacy

Ethnic Tensions and Insurgency (Tamil Tigers)

Sri Lanka's Economic Resources

Tropical Produce, Tea and Wheat

The Himalayan States

Nepal and Bhutan

Nepal's Population and Growth

28 Million - Rapid Rate

Nepal Today

Former Monarchy, Now a Republic

Nepal's Religions

Hinduism Dominant, followed by Buddhism Areas

Nepal's Society

Undeveloped and Poor

Bhutan

Absolute Monarchy - Remote, Underdeveloped and Secretive

Very Traditional

Throwback to the Middle Ages

Bhutan's Religion

Buddhism