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This 5 page Study Guide was uploaded by Cellena Chavis on Friday December 5, 2014. The Study Guide belongs to a course at Florida International University taught by a professor in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 81 views.
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Date Created: 12/05/14
2 A 50 3 B Modus Toens 1 fA then B 2 Not B 3 So NotA Hypothetical syogism 1 fA then B 2 If B then C 3 So ifA then C Disjunctive syogism 1 EitherA or B 2 Not A 3 50 B Or 1 EitherA or B 2 Not B 3 S0 A Invalid argument forms bc it is possible for the premises to true and the conclusion to be false Strong argument it is probably that if the premises are true then the conclusion is true Weak argument not probable that the premise and conclusion are true Cogent strong and all premises are true Chapter 4143 Formal fallacy an error in reasoning that involves the explicit use of an invalid form Informal fallacy error in reasoning that does not involve the explicit use of an invalid form Argument against the person ad hominem involves attacking the person who advances an argument as opposed to providing a rational critique of the argument or statement itself Abusive ad hominem involves and attempt to discredit an argument or view by launching a direct personal attack Circumstantial involves an attempt to discredit an argument view by calling attention to the circumstances or situation of those who advance it Tu quoque involves an attempt to discredit an argument or view by suggesting that one s opponent is hypocritical E No S are P Universal Negative I Some S are P Particular Af rmative 0 Some S are not P Particular Negative Summary of Stylistic Variants A All S are P Every S is a P Each S is a P If anything is an S then it is a P Things are only S if they are a P Only P are S E All S are not P Nothing that is an S is a P A thing is an S only if it is not a P If anything is an S then it is not a P Nothing is an S unless it is not a P I Some S are P There are S that are P At least one S is a P There exists an S that is a P Something is both S and P 0 Some S are not P At least one S is not a P Not all S are P Not every S is a P Something is an S but not a P There is an S that is not a P Categorical statements having same subject and predicate are corresponding statements Contradictories cannot both be true and cannot both be false A amp O Eamp Contraries cannot both be true but they can be false AampE Necessary truth if it is true and it cannot be false under any possible circumstances Sub contraries cannot both be false but they can both be true ampO Necessary falsehood if it is false and it cannot be true under any possible circumstances Subalteration the logical relationship between universal statements and its corresponding particular statement
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