QUIZ 3 STUDY GUIDE
QUIZ 3 STUDY GUIDE MUS 200-0003
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This 6 page Study Guide was uploaded by Jenna Schneider on Wednesday October 14, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to MUS 200-0003 at James Madison University taught by Professor VIcki Curry in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 83 views. For similar materials see Music In General Culture in Music at James Madison University.
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Date Created: 10/14/15
STUDY GUIDE QUIZ 3 CHAPTER 456 Dark ages difficult living every day life Brutal warfare plagues Education people were illiterate serfs taught by art in churches Gothic Arch developed in Middle Ages Pointy on top Politics feudalism was a main secular framework rulers enslave presents 2 institutions Church amp Court Polyphony multiple independent violence with it comes the need for more preserve musical notation Religion profound spirituality organized along lines of government Church provided hope for peasants patron of art music Roman catholic church was the super dominant spiritual force Roman Arch rounded arch dark ages Region was context in rural monasteries for monks and convents for nuns Gregorign Chant Plansong unique collection of thousands of religious songs sung in Latin Named for pope Gregory the Great Mass most important service in church cycle Gregorian chant was used Menstrual Notation measured notation to specify musical rhythm as well as pitch A significant development made it possible to preserve sacred music Melismatic singing many notes sung to just one syllable Syllabic singing only one or two notes for each syllable of text Meter Rhythm lack of meter or regular rhythm Melody mostly conjunct Texture monophonic texture Timbre unaccompanied vocal music Text setting mostly melodic 1098 I 79 0 Advised popes and kings Had visions that was transformed into poetry and chant Women of extordinary intellect and imagination Founded a convet Playwright poet musician naturalist pharmacologist and visionary 0 Moves mostly in conjunct motion 0 The texture of this chant is molizma 0 Wide range 0 She wrote it Most famous medieval chant Main melody at funerals Day of judgment Very well known Represents death Low amp sad Guillaume De Machaunt 11501350Considered most important composter of 14th century Compromised ordinary of the masses Secular songs for court entertainment Sacred music for cathedrals Poet Over 150 words survived Unified whole Notre Dame ReimQLIOO east of Paris Rivaled Notre Damn in Paris in both music and orch In 14th century Ordingrv Of the Mag mass stays the same 237910 Manchaunt composed it 25 minutes 5 sections Property of the mamp mass changes to suit the day 145 6811 Mass symbolic reenactment of the last supper Harmony dissonant Rhythm measurable notation Texture polymophy and monophony Timbre Unaccompanied vocal music 0 Monophonic chant 1360 Started tradition of compromising a unifying mass ordinary Best known for medieval music 3 voices have own line Bas soft instruments 0 Flute 0 Fiddle o Harp 0 Recorder 0 Lute Chanson new genre of vocal eXpression Haut loud instrument 0 Sackbut 0 Shawm 0 Conellio Pipe Organ principle instrument of monastery and cathedral Troubadours poet musician from southern France Trouveres poet musician from northern France A cappella unaccompanied performance no music instruments Age Of exploration Columbus Magellan voyages of vasco Architecture looks Greek Counter Reformation started at council of Trent changed religion art and music Martin Luther began the protestant reformation 15451563 council of Trent led Counter Reformation Council Of Trent 15451563 2 decades long In response to protestant reform Donatello David Flying Buttress put weight at top and support weight to main cathedral Giovanni Palestrina poster child for Counter Reformation ideas in music Missa Papae Morcelli Humanism interested in humans and human experience Imitation a polyphonic procedure where by one or more voices publican in turns the notes of a melody Joaguin Desires 14551512 uses imitative polyphony Greatest composer of renaissance Excellent in writing motets Worked in Italy on Sistine chapel Vatican Compared to Michael Angelo Leonardo Da Vinci Proportionbanace man picture Mona Lisa Michelangelo David early renaissance painter and sculptor Motet composition for a polyphonic choir setting a Latin text on a sacred subject Raphael madana amp school of Athens Reformation 95 theses spread throughout Europe Renaissance 14501600 competition to build doors to replace current ones Rebirth of ancient Roman Empire Philosophy gov art architecture Shawn early trombone and predecessor of modern oboe piercing tore made the melody easy to hear Sistine Chapel pope s private chapel in the Vatican Thomas Weekes trumphes of Orina collection of 34 madials in honor of queen Elizabeth Secular education Kids educated Spread 95 thesis Guttenberg Spread news Mass media 1501 printed first book of music due to printing press Galliard fast leaping dane in triple meter Pavane slow gliding dance in duple meter performed by couples holding hands Madrigal piece for several solo voices that sets a vernacular poem Pieces for several solo voices Normally 45 people Madrigalism musical cliques as a falling melody for fainting and a dissance for pain Word Painting depending on text by means of a descriptive musical gesture subtyle or joking as a musical pun Vivid imagery of the text enhanced by a musical setting Absolutism absolute control Louis 14 sun king believed in absolutism Science age of science where calculus was developed Isaac Newton Theater time of emotion Barogue 16001700 age of science 30year war absolutism Barroco irregular shaped negative term Basso Continuo bass driven chordal support a small accompanying ensemble of 2 instruments Harpsichord plays cord progressions and another instrument cello bassoon play bass line Caravaggio Madonna of the pilgrims Doctrine of Affections different musical moods could and should be used to In uence the amount of affection of the listener Figured Bass numbers beneath base line baseline with intended harmonies indicated by figured rather than written out as chords Gian Lorenzo Bemini ecstacy of ST Theresa baroque art David Monody solo singing an ode sung by a single actor Greek tragedy often virtuous emotional Chamber Cantata sung thing for solo voices and a few accompanying instruments lasting 812 minutes Chamber Music instrumental music played by a small ensemble Ostinato melody harmony or rhythm repeating m passive eXpansive tuneful song Tells us what characters are feeling Song like wide vocal range clear beat and meter Ground Bass repeating bass created a solid foundation or grounding in which a composition is built Henry Purcell 16591695 son of one of the kings organist at West Minsters abbey in London England Devoted much of his time to composing Dido amp Aeneas 1689 opera One of the first operas in English Libretto word of text that is snug in opera the text Monteverdi composed the 1St opera Lorfeo in 1607 Based on Greek Myths of Orpheus amp Eurydice Opera stage playdrama eXpressed through music A wor Elaborate costumes and sets Overture introduction instrumental music Recitative musically heightened speech relative Simple Recitative sparsely accompanied recitative Cannon 2 or more instruments play the same thing but start and end at different times Doctrine of affection served instrumental music by using devices found in music to eXpress emotion Idiomatic Writing well suited writing composed in a way that eXplained the strengths and avoided weaknesses of particular instruments JeanJoseph Mouret 16821738 Rondeau from suites de symphonies 1729 Noted for its instrumental color trumpets rondo form ABACA Johann Pachelbel 16531706 cannon in D major dreams Cannon played by 3 violins all in submerge Low strings and harpsichord basso continuo play on osstano bass ostinato Tremolo help depict range fast scales Trills depict a cheerful moos ornaments Concerto competition between soloist and an orchestra Concertino simple or short concerto little solos Concerto Grosso when a small group of soloists work together against full orchestra 2 or more soloists Melodic sequence repetition of musical motive at higher or lower degrees of the scale Orchestra ensemble for musicians strings woodwinds amp brasses under a conductor Ritomello form 1St or final movement of a solo concerto concert Grasso or aria Solo Concerto when one soloist confronts the other Terraced Dynamics volume levels shift abruptly from soft to loud and back without crescendos or decrescendos Tutti all together orchestra with soloists Keyboard harpsichord organ Strings modern violin appears Winds utes oboe bassoon trumpet horn and trombone Percussion timpani Basso Continuo Played by keyboard organ harpsichord and string instruments cello bass or bassoon Basic Baroque orchestra woodwinds Slightly argumented orchestra basic orchestra woodwinds and strings Festive orchestra baso continuo and strings Ritornello Form rst or nal movement of a solo concerto concert grasso or aria quotLittle returnquot Based on main theme presented in beginning and keeps returning Concertino plays solo and then ritornello returns Often used in 1st and 3rd movement of concerto RITORNELLO CHART BELOW Section Ritornell Solo 1 Ritornello Solo 2 Ritornell Solo 3 o 1 2 o 3 Group Tutti Concert Tutti Concerti Tutti Concert 0 no 0 Theme Ritornell Free Ritornello Free Ritornell Free 0 0 Key Tonic Modulat Contrasti Modulate New Key Modulat e ng Key e Andrew Vivaldi a virtuosos violinist composter Most in uential and proli c composter of the baroque concerto Wrote over 450 concertos Nicknamed the quotred priestquot because of his hair Grew up in Venice and was ordained as a priest Taught at the Ospedale della pieta in Venice from 17031740taught female orphans Famous for his spring piece which was published in 1725 First of 4 concertos entitled quotthe seasonsquot This was an early example of program music representing the feelings sound and sight of 4 seasons of year with a lot of use of melodic sequence Typical Orchestra Movement fast slow fast 3 movements Review question Which monarch came to epitomize the grandeur and glory of the baroque era Louis XIV of France AAB common choral structure Cantana quotSungquot vocal composition with instrument accompaniment quotSomething sungquot Chorale spiritual melody or religious folksong German word for hymn of the Lutheran church simple religious melody Church cantata multi movement sacred work Included arias recitative choruses All accompanied by small orchestra Episode after all notes of fugue entered A passage of free nominative counterpoint found in a fugue Where the subject is not heard in its entirety Exposition opening section or argument each voice presents the subject successfully Fugue ight composition for 34 or 5 parts played or sung by voices or instruments polyphonic and imitative Called voices john Sebastian Bach 16851750 Part of a long line of musicians Renowned as an organist Most famous for fugues Great composer of counterpoint Careers organist court composer conductor canter Fugue in G minor 0 1710 0 Written while he was a court organist and chamber musician for duke SATB exposition Late Baroque Mu era of re nement and culmination Used genres created earlier in baroque such as opera concerto and cantana Did not develop new forms Pedal Point pitch usually in bass that is sustained or repeated while harmonies change around it Subiect voices along with the fugue and presents a theme primarily a musical idea Walking Basi one that moves in equal note voices step by step to neighboring pitches 8th note movement
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