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This 7 page Study Guide was uploaded by Kendra Caldwell on Wednesday October 14, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to 472 at Michigan State University taught by in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 32 views. For similar materials see Evaluation of Human Service Programs in HDFS at Michigan State University.
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Date Created: 10/14/15
HDFS 472 Fall 2015 Individuals 8 What does PRECEDE mean page 24 Predisposing Reinforcing Enaang Constructs Environmental Diagnosis Evaluation 9 What does PROCEED mean Policy Regulatory Organizational Constructs Educa onal Environmental Development 10 What are the steps in PRECEDEPROCEED Health programs Phase 1 Identify the ultimate desired result Phase 2 Full epidemiology study how disease spreads Phase 3 What program can be designed to help against epidemiological study Phase 4 Implement different evaluations 11 Where do programs operate Almost everywhere govt organizationsinstitutions privatepublic sectors culturalpolitical environments 12 How would you know that benefits of a program are greater than its costs success ratios numerator benefitsdenominatorcostsnumerator must be greater 13 What is cost effectiveness When a program is lowest in cost compared to other programs but still effective 14 What is costbenefit O 00 P PWNT 15 What are the structural components of evaluation design The frequency of measurement Evidence of merit what variables are chosen to measure success of program Structure of the evaluation design 16 What is a longitudinal design multiple points of data collection a planned sequence of measurable time Design that doesn39t require intervention over a long period of time measure change on selected variables then measure the same individuals several times on that variable 17 What is a cohortsequential design experiences that has to deal with being in different generations 18 What is a crosssectional design No interventions measure all variables at one time with different age groups cannot have a truly developed study 19 What is a single subject design One item being tested and compared to itself over time EX AB design start with baseline A condition and B is where the program is implemented BA Design Etc 20 What is a cohort prospective design because you are going to be looking ahead in the future 21 What is a quasiexperimental design m random assignment to the group receiving the program Doesn t have all of the experiments true characteristics gt true experimental has random assignment 22 What is a posttest only design Study in which the participants are treated then tested No initial test given no way of comparing the outcome of what was to happen anyway 23 What are the guiding principles of the American Evaluation Association 5 multiple choice Systematic should be planned have an organized plan Professional Competence take evaluation courses IntegrityHonesty Respect for people Responsibility for public welfare far beyond any single evaluation responsibilities to everyone else because the products to the program affect the entire society 24 What principles were identified in the Belmont report 3 Have respect for the things people you are evaluating Do no harm Distribute justice 25 is a pretestposttest control group design with random assignment there is no random assignment there is a pretest and posttest There is an experimental group and a control group 26 What is a comparative effectiveness design Comparing more than one program on their effectiveness 27 What is the target population All users of the program that you39re interested in and seeing whether or not they benefited from the program the total of the population 28 What is a sample A sample is a group selected from the target population that hopefully represent the target population 29 What a rules of inclusion and exclusion inclusion tells you who gets in the sample exclusion tells you who doesn39t get in 30 What is generalizability of evaluation outcomes Take from your sample and generalize it to the population 31 What kinds of variables are inclusion and exclusion characteristics Independent variable that tells you the conditions for inclusion and exclusion 32 What is probability sampling Sampling in a manner such that each unit of the target population has an equal chance of being selected 33 What is nonprobability sampling you do not know what the population is gt cannot select from population because you don39t know what it is may have to use a convenient sampling or snowball sampling 34 How and why would you use a table of random numbers table of random numbers random assignment gt table with numbers randomly arranged on it You then access numbers on the table and assign it to people in your population 35 Give an example of systematic sampling 36 What is convenience sampling and in what circumstances would you possibly use it 37 Give an example of a process of stratified random sampling 38 Describe the technique of cluster sampling Do not know the population but have access to geographical map ex you randomly choose a cluster of people you live in XYZ neighbor and use them all for your sample 39 From a conceptual point of view in statistical analysis what is power Power is the ability to find a statistical significant outcome if it is there 40 What is a Type I error Give an example Type 1 error is analogous to a falsepositive test result that is a result indication that a disease is present when in actuality it39s not Null hypothesis is true 41 What is a Type II error Give an example T ype 2 error is analogous to a falsenegative result that is result indicating that a disease is not present when in actuality it is present Alternative hypothesis is true 42 What is an alpha error When an evaluator finds that differences exist among programs but in reality there are no differences Also called Type I error 43 What is a beta error When an evaluator finds that no differences exist among programs but in reality differences exist Also called Type II error 44 What is a logic model O O 45 When are logic models prepared 46 What do some logic models begin with Sometimes outcomes come first reverse models 47 What is an ABAB design 48 What are the columns in a logic model 14 Column of inputs theory of how your program works Column of program activities what the program actually does Outputs people who receive the benefits of the program Outcomes changes made due to the program 49 What is the definition of program effectiveness what is it worth does it meet its objectives Costs and benefits 50 What are program objectives Much more concrete than goals Specific Measurable in certain time period Attainable Relevant Timespecific 51 What is the definition of program characteristics A program s characteristics include its content staff and organization Typical questions about a program s characteristics What is the content of the program What is the theory or empirical foundation that guides program development Who is in charge of delivering the content How are the participants grouped during delivery How many sessions or events are to be delivered and for how long How long does the intervention last 52 What is a hypothesis Statements to be tested to see if they can be supported with evidence EX people who attend basketball camp will shoot more baskets O O 53 What is an evaluation question Questions that need to be addressed based on the program theory How related to the goals and objectives 54 When would you collect data for a formative evaluation One several times 55 When would you collect program baseline data Before the behavior is intervened program begins 57 What is a process evaluation 58 When would you collect summative evaluation At the end of the program Outcome could determine programs future 59 What are the types of data collection in a qualitative evaluation Questionnaires Observations Existing records 60 What is a mixed method evaluation Two different methods Qualitative Quantitative 61 What is a participatory evaluation an evaluation in which when it is conducted you have participants involved in the evaluation process 62 What are program goals and are they the same as objectives 63 What are the potential ingredients in an experimental design Independent variable Dependent variable Experimental group Post test Sometimes control groups protests amp randomized assignments 64 What is random assignment Participants are randomly assigned into groups 65 What is a randomized controlled trial a pretest posttest controlled group design Random assignment experimental design with control group 67 When would you use a factorial design When you wanted to know if certain aspects of a program are effective EX Do men have a different outcome than women and over a certain point of time 68 What is a doubleblind study Neither the researcher or participant knows which group they belong to 69 What is a control group and when would it be used 70 What is regression What starts high is likely to go down vice versa
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