New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Cinema Midterm

by: Lindsey Irizarry

Cinema Midterm 211

Lindsey Irizarry
GPA 4.0
Film History II
Erin E Wiegand

Almost Ready


These notes were just uploaded, and will be ready to view shortly.

Purchase these notes here, or revisit this page.

Either way, we'll remind you when they're ready :)

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

This is a study guide for Cinema 211, Midterm #1. From the origins of cinema to Soviet cinema.
Film History II
Erin E Wiegand
Study Guide
50 ?




Popular in Film History II

Popular in Film

This 2 page Study Guide was uploaded by Lindsey Irizarry on Wednesday October 14, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to 211 at San Francisco State University taught by Erin E Wiegand in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 169 views. For similar materials see Film History II in Film at San Francisco State University.


Reviews for Cinema Midterm


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 10/14/15
What is history the knowledge we have of what has happened in the past studying recorded facts ultimate history scientific Knowledge of past been filtered through minds of different people no pure facts relative Origin of Cinema 1895 Grand Cafe Factors for cinema to exist moving pictures the camera social gathering understanding of how eyes perceive movement 16 frames per sec a projector that uses light to show images on screen Early cameras 1832 Phenakistoscope Zoetrope Chronophotographic gun Magic Lantern 1893 The Black Maria first production studio Thomas Edison s Kinetograph confined to studio ran on electricity The Cinematographe used 35mm film first used 16 frames per sec created by the Lumiere Brothers it was ightermore portable longer duration more depth more about capturing a slice of life instead of a performance it could print film used a crank could project Kinetoscope 35mm film stock w 4 perforations per frame a series of rollers winds the film one person use had parlors types of early cinema actualities slice of life films gags funny clips topicals news eventsreenactments George Melies 18611938 no narrative used film as an extension of his magic act to do things that weren t possible on a stage through cut effects dissolves Edwin S Porter The Great Train Robbery gt worked w Edison company Fire James Williamson Alice Guy 1873 1968 starts as secretary for Leon Gaumont first amp oldest film company head of production until 1907 shot social satires use synced sound Early Companies in US gt The Edison Company American Mutoscope American Vitagraph they made films for EC until Vitagraph won a lawsuit against them 1907 exhibitors started renting rather than buying Nickelodeon theaters made cinema available to mass audience Motion Picture Patent Company MPPCl wanted to protect position in industry vertical integration Kodak agreed to sell film stock to members only firm licensed by MPPC could produce legal films set price amp quantity National Cinemas Impact of WWI Curtailed production money amp resources went to war cut off trading new opportunities for the US market as European production declined development of stronger regional characteristics Germany low entertainment damaging to cultural tradition signed more writers amp directors banned foreign films Autorenfilm author film where author is the scriptwriter ltalL diva films Russia Pathe amp Gaumont leave when war strikes Bolshevik Revolution things change slow tragic stories France film stock factories turn to munitions factories making weapons studios barracks 1913 focus on distribution and exhibition serial films emerge Characteristics of Serial Films carries storyline across episodes 2045 min length shown w other films but it s the main attraction action orientated typically cliff hangers US 1908 MPPC forms 2000 out of 8000 theaters were not licensed by MPPC they create General Film Company 1915 MPPC crashes people move to Cali don t want to deal w patents in NY nicer weather different scenery Classical Hollywood Style star system intercutting parallel editing point of view shots staging in depth 180 degree rule DW Griffith 18751948 worked for Biograph 1913 left since he wanted to make films longer than 2 reels Birth of Nation amp lntolerance Keystone studios formed in LA 1913 Charlie Chaplin worked for Mutual studios but signed w Key signature Tramp character Why certain films exist war destroyed archives degradable materials nitrate film stock written accounts financial statements Hindrances color fading textual variation no proper equipment to show film Objects of Historical Research Aesthetichow films create pleasure amp meaning Technological Economicbusiness Social what films mean to us drawing attention to raceclassgender French Film in 1920 difficult to bring back prewar production levels why so low back off vertical integration amp focus on exhibitiondistribution cheaper to import films only 2030 of films shown in France made domestically French Impressionism Art is personal vision of director creates experience for viewer emotions are elicited not via direct statements but by creating fleeting feelings or impressions movement amp time made cinema a distinct artform Aesthetics Character subjectivity photogenie taking an object from real world into photograph visual rhythm naturalistic acting amp scenery Formal Traits and techniques Optical devicessuperimpositionfiltersmirrors camera distance amp angles editing cutawaysdissolves Abel Gance used unusual triptych format for his 1927 film Napoleon made La roue gt movement dies out from dominance of Hollywood move towards greater subtraction surrealists directors move to CA German Expressionism isolated economically ban imports helped boost local film by 1921 300 film companies gt rose due to escapism amp hyperinflation not knowing how much is worth Universum Film Aktiengesellschaft Ufa 19171945 competing w hollywood Weimar Republic mast poverty arrests tension in expression amp impression Metropolis Fritz Lang working class sacrificed to factory Aesthetics off balanced shapes angular design over theatrical acting and set little camera movement integration of all elements of miseenscene Traits Composition distortion amp exaggeration editing amp camera longer shots narrative Themes Modernist art use of symbol amp technique to communicate message abstraction over realism emphasis on artists worldview horrorfantasy unsettle Sigfried Kracauer identified motifs recurring throughout films of the period including choice between tyranny amp chaos amp futility of rebellion Social Film History argues that movies reflect the desires fears amp values of a society questions the connection particular plots have w social normsvalues New Objectivity movement away from expressionism to realism social criticism themes of irony or alienation still used distortions amp caricatures rejected symbolism amp abstraction alienation effect audience should think through the ideological implications of the film street film s social commentary on social ills Soviet Cinema1917 the Feb RevolutionTsar overthrown by Imperial Parliament gtOctober Rev Bolshevik Party overthrows parliament amp signs treat w Germany Narkompros oversees all cinema production 1918 propaganda films they establish State Film School 1919 Lev Kuleshov had workshops working w old films to reedit Kuleshov effect demonstrated the power of editing to lead viewers to infer relationships between shots The lenin proportion education and entertainment 1922 trade reopens montage editing overlapping editing elliptical cutting intercutting non diegetic inserts graphic contrasts downplay of individual characters social purpose US industry leaders after WW 1 attendance and income rise vertical integration Block booking way of studio to ensure that there lesser films will be shown along w their best films not sold individually but as block this is banned by 1940s The Big 3 paramount Loews First National Little 5 Fox Warner Bros United Artists gt DW Griffith Mary Pickford Charlie Chaplin Douglas Studio Production not producing films 1 at a time looked at year amp budget top picturesspecials stars midrange feature films bottom range Motion Picture Producers and Distributors of America Will hayes gt head no legal authority the formula warning for censorship 1927 Don t and be Careful Oscar Micheaux maybe first black director famous for working outside studio system films on dicey topics interracial marriage lynching


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

50 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Jennifer McGill UCSF Med School

"Selling my MCAT study guides and notes has been a great source of side revenue while I'm in school. Some months I'm making over $500! Plus, it makes me happy knowing that I'm helping future med students with their MCAT."

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.