Final Exam Study Guide
Final Exam Study Guide 1005-11
Popular in Biology of Nutrition & Health
Popular in Biosystem Engineering
This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Charlene Scavone on Wednesday December 10, 2014. The Study Guide belongs to 1005-11 at George Washington University taught by a professor in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 241 views. For similar materials see Biology of Nutrition & Health in Biosystem Engineering at George Washington University.
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Date Created: 12/10/14
Nutritional Values Proteins Carbs 4 calories per gram Alcohol 7 calories per gram Fats 9 calories per gram BMR Baseline of required energy Exercise and Energy Resistance ATP and phosphocreatine Glycolysis Cellular Respiration Fermentation allows glycolysis to make ATP lactic acid humans alcohol bacteria yeasts PrepKrebs Cycle produce small amount of ATP NADH FADH2 electron carriers the electrons carried allow ADP synthase to become ATP via oxidative phosphorylation Photosynthesis light reactions solar energy converted from electric to chemical energy NADPH and ATP oxygen as byproduct dark reactions chemical to electrical energy both require chloroplasts Cell Cycle signal to enter cell cycle protooncogene lnterphase G1 growth and checkpoint tumor suppressant gene S DNA replication using enzymes helicase and polymerase G2 growth and checkpoint M Phase DNA separation C Phase cell splits into two What cells start the process mitosis any cell that can divide meiosis certain cells in ovaries or testes What are the results genetically identical diploid cells genetically dissimilar haploid cells What is separated sister chromatids DNA and chromatids What causes genetic variation DNA mistakes crossing swapping Cancer Tumors form when protooncogenes do not turn off and tumor suppressants fail benign tumor beginning
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