Official crim study guide exam 2
Official crim study guide exam 2 CJA2225-01
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This 2 page Study Guide was uploaded by Peter Wright on Wednesday October 14, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to CJA2225-01 at Mansfield University of Pennsylvania taught by Dr. Joshua Battin in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 48 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Criminology in Criminal Justice at Mansfield University of Pennsylvania.
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Date Created: 10/14/15
Micro vs Macro level theory Consider this topic for Unit of Analysis questions Are you analyzing a person or a community Anomiestrain theory and social disorganization was started primarily by Emile NOT Emily Durkheim Industrial revolution was the powder keg that went off thus starting the previously mentioned theories Understand the historical context of why all these theories were made ex Industrial revolution made urban centers and a population ux of various cultures 1960 civil unrest introduced challenging ideas etc Anomienormlessness is a state that a society can be caught in Normlessness Macro transitioned into Merton39s individual adaptation theory Mirco Every person has individual adaptation The American dream pushes for wealth and a pre de nition of success It causes strain due to it pushing for short term stupid decisions to get what you want as quickly as possible General strain theory Agnew is a simpli ed version of other strain theories It made things less complex If a person could not achieve their goals be presented with negative stimuli loose positive stimuli and lack coping skills crime could occun Coping skills Broidy Differential opportunity the chance to commit a crime If it is not presented come does not occur Cloward and Olhin Social Disorganization social institutions impact behavior Chicago was perfect for this study because it had the 5 concentric zones transition and cultural turn over This is NEVER a micro theory ONLY a Macro theory Parks and Burgess 1925 studied the above theory but did not apply it to crime They were not criminologists Shaw and Mckay students of the above applied it to delinquency not crime but did not measure and connect it to informal social control The 5 Concentric Zones BusinessDistrict area low crime well kept Old city district High crime signs of society deteriorated Blue collar zone Suburban low crime Also Suburban even lower crime Kornhauser wanted to put away the theory of social disorganization and challenged Shaw and Mckay39s lack of measurement She claimed it all had to do with lack of social ties and subcultures This started the revitalization period Revitalization period was a great big discussion as to how to measure the element of social disorganization This led to Sampson and Groves theory of Collective Ef cacy the willingness to intercede lumping all negative factors into the term Concentrated Disadvantage and simpli ed things In 1989 they made a complete measurement model Know why each theory was criticized which ultimately led to improvement
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