ANTH 1002: Intro to Sociocultural Anthropology Final Study Guide
ANTH 1002: Intro to Sociocultural Anthropology Final Study Guide ANTH 1002
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Date Created: 12/10/14
ANTH 1002 Sociocultural Anthropology Final Study Guide 0 Structure and agency Bordieu IN SEARCH OF RESPECT amp VEILED SENTIMENTS 19781980 0 Structural Violence IN SEARCH OF RESPECT 1985 1996 FARMER 1996 SCHEPER HUGHES SeXuality George Chauncey 1892 HALPERIN 1989 AND KULICK 2009 0 Psychiatric Diagnosis UNSTRANGE MINDS 2007 and JANE MURPHY LT 0 Cultural Capital Bordieu IN SEARCH OF RESPECT IN SEARCH OF RESPECT 0 Lifeboat ethics DEATH WITHOUT WEEPING 1989 NSH 0 InnercitV street culture or inner citV anartheid IN SEARCH OF RESPECT 0 Hierarchy in Bedouin society patriarchal VEILED SENTIMENTS 0 Hasham freely given submission honor of the weak VEILED SENTIMENTS 0 scapes ideo techno media finance ethno APPADURAI 1990 0 Critique of cultural relativism can t blame structural violence on cultural relativism misreading by elitists FARMER On Suffering and Structural Violence Q Who author What title and definition When time period Where ethnographic location Significance Why 1 Why is this important to the class discipline Why 2 Why is this term important in this text How Does this term relate to other concepts terms Vignette intro 3 bodies each about a specific term at least 3 sentences conclusion One strategy we recommend is to identify three important themes that arise for you in the Vignette define them for your reader and discuss associated readings Sandwich this analysis with the kinds of questions we discussed in lecture and pose your own interpretation at the end of your essay In addition you may supplement your answer by bringing in an example from your general knowledge that complements your C the authors and suggestions in italics are tips that my TA gave as so they re probably worth mentioning Structural violence usually lacks a clear perpetrator may be unintentional and hard to see While easy to hide This is because it is embedded in institutions There exists a disparity between those who suffer and those who benefit Structural Violence Key figures Paul Farmer Hinton Scheperhughes and Bourgois Term was coined by Johan Galtung World Health Organization s Definition social structures that are designed to stop people from reaching their full potential ie racism sexism Paul Farmer s definition the Way by which social arrangements are construed to put specific members of a population in harms Way Please elaborate on Farmer s study on Haiti Hinton s study on genocide in Cambodia Scheper Hughes study on motherhood in brazil and Bourgois on drug dealing in East Harlem o Farmer s Study in Haiti Any distinguishable characteristic social or biological can serve as a pretext for discrimination and ultimately structural violence World s poor are greatest victims of structural violence In Haiti Farmer looks at the structural violence faced by mainly rural Women Many are attracted by the allure of the city and the Wealth Within it eventually become domestic servants and often perform sexually involuntarily Perpetuates the spread of disease and poverty Poor representation of Women and even less power concentrated in the hands of Women has resulted in the marginalization of Women in most disparate environments Farmer suffering structural violence 0 Haiti 0 Life expectancy 0 Fight for food Water and Wood 0 Life choices are structured by racism sexism political violence and grinding poverty Acephie biography diagnosed with aids 0 Chouchou biography 0 They were the consequence direct or indirect of human agency 0 In Search of respect 0 The inequality that surrounds a structure can sometimes be very hard to see 0 The formation of poverty and disease has to do with structural violence Not something that can easily changed 0 Political economic and cultural legacies cause structural violence to continue Sexuality Sexuality Abu Lughod Do Muslim Women Need Saving amp Veiled Sentiments use this for de nition Halperin Bourgois on fatherhood and masculinity and educationdiscipline for young girls connection travesti ronaldo article and homosexuality From Pre18th century 2000 years women were actually inverted men 1 the uterus scrotum 2 Ovaries testicles 3 Vulvaforeskin 4 Vaginiainverted penis one sex people There used to be no anatomical nomenclature and there was no word for vagina until the 1700 s Sex is a continuum Before the 1700s in Westem Europe there was only the male classification They looked at community perception and not the biological classification Kulik Sex soccer and scandal in Brazil Halperin 100 yrs of sexuality Testis Ovaries PenisClit Foreskin clitoral hood Invisibiltyisolationinternalization Key figures Haperin Kulick Foucault Address poststructuralism pay attention to the methods such as genealogy as well as Kulick emphasis on masculinity Homosexuality did not exist until the 19 century Men had sex with men but were not classified or seen as deviant or peverse Greeks did not identify by sexual identity Sexual categories are a new construct Post structuralists Focault rupture from structuralists LeviStrauss Kulick separates homosexuals from heterosexuals theorizing that sexual practice is no longer separable from sexual identity You can no longer have sex with a homosexual and you yourself not be considered homosexual Cultural Capital Cultural Capital boargeois language from mother non nancial social assets that promote social mobility beyond economic means connection agency limited agency leads to structural violence Refers to the nonfinancial assets to involve educational social and intositive attributes Relate back to respect why some people can t get cultural capital because they lack respect hinton thick faced people who ignore rules of social etiquette in relation to AbuLughod cultural capital can be knowing how to live within one s social structure gt woman exhibiting shame and modesty respect hasham ghinnawas technoscapes global configuration uid movement bring about new types on cultural interactions and exchanges through power of technology which can now happen at unprecedented speeds Tech is closely tied with the economy which is constantly in flux and despite our best efforts to manipulate is widely unpredictable finanscapes finanscapes since the disposition of global capital is now a more mysterious rapid and difficult landscape to follow than ever before as currency markets national stock exchanges and commodity speculators move mega monies through national tumstiles at blinding speed with vast absolute implications for small differences in percentage points and time units mediascapes refer both to the distribution of the electronic capabilities to produce and disseminate information newspapers magazines television stations film production studios etc which are now available to a growing number of private and public interests throughout the world and to the images of the world created by these media these images of the world involve many complicated inflections depending on their mode documentary or entertainment their hardware electronic or pre electronic their audiences local national or transnational and the interests of those who own and control them provide large and complex representations of images narratives and ethnoscapes to viewers throughout the world ideoscapes are also concatenations of images but they are often directly political and frequently have to do with the ideologies of states and the counter ideologies of movements explicitly oriented to capturing state power or a piece of it composed of elements of terms and images including freedom welfare rights sovereignty representation and democracy conditions the current global flows occur they occur in and through the growing disjunctures between ethnoscapes technoscapes financescapes mediascapes and ideoscapes Significance Cultural Capital Commodity fetishism to increase production people often evoke images of the devil and people use the imagery of God all the time Tribe Authenticity Scapes 0 Globalization 0 Center and periphery world systems theorywallerstein 0 Appadurai s proposal a framework for the exploring disjuncture of globalization is to look at the relationship between five dimension of global cultural ow 1 Ethnoscapes a The migration and mixing of people Migrants tourists refugees and workers all in uence the politics between nations and ideas 2 Mediascapes 3 Technoscapes a The spread and growth of technology around the world to greater levels technology high and low mechanical and information now moves at higher speeds than ever 4 Finanscapes 5 Ideoscapes 6 Anthropology of capitalism Identification Traige style of ethics Death without Weeping by Nancy Scheper Hughes Hamper the emotional connection of mothers to dyingdead infants for the sake of being emotionally ready to have another Funerals may be in private or the baby will not be baptized Literally being able to give up a child lifeboat fashion Key figure Garrett Hardin Nancy Scheper Hughes Term coined by the above empoloyed to problematize the issue faced by Brazilian shanty town mothers in poverty and sickness Limited capacity to support a population Limited space in a lifeboat if everyone gets it everyone Will drown but Who is to say who gets to get into the lifeboat and who doesn t Identification Traige style of ethics Death without Weeping by Nancy Scheper Hughes Hamper the emotional connection of mothers to dyingdead infants for the sake of being emotionally ready to have another Funerals may be in private or the baby will not be baptized Literally being able to give up a child lifeboat fashion Key figure Garrett Hardin Nancy Scheper Hughes Term coined by the above empoloyed to problematize the issue faced by Brazilian shanty town mothers in poverty and sickness Limited capacity to support a population Limited space in a lifeboat if everyone gets it everyone will drown but who is to say who gets to get into the lifeboat and who doesn t Innercity street culture or inner city apartheid 11 Hierarchy in Bedouin society Hierarchy 0 Veiled Sentiments 0 Morality is what most distinguishes them rom and makes them superior to other peoples 0 At the heart of their moral system are the Valies of honor and modesty pg 78 0 Morality as the basis of greater status 0 Mediate the contradiction between the ideals of quality and the realities of hierarchy by considering relations of inequality not antagonistic but complementary The head of the household is the Haj Also the head of the tribal community Based in a code of honor and morality based in independence and deference Modesty sentiment weakness Zariba is not honored because of his non conformity to the honor code He chases women and acts immaturely Traditional inferiors no longer respect him Veiled Sentiments Morality is what most distinguishes them rom and makes them superior to other peoples At the heart of their moral system are the Valies of honor and modesty pg 78 Morality as the basis of greater status Mediate the contradiction between the ideals of quality and the realities of hierarchy by considering relations of inequality not antagonistic but complementary 12 Critique of cultural relativism Critique of cultural relativism 0 Cultural relativism is certainly an improvement and ethnocentrism and the racism cultural imperialism and imperiousness that underlie it the problem is that it is too late to not interfere 0 Cultural relativism argues Farmer leads to a lack of advocacy on the part of the poor and sick from docs and anthropologists who says maintain a general ambivalence toward the suffering of the impoverished in the third world 13 Psychiatric Diagnosis Psychiatric Diagnosis 0 Key figures Murphy Grinker 0 Labeling theory popular trend of 70 s social science and it assumes deviance is a selffulfilling prophecy actually not only deviance but also all labeling processes are constitutions of these practices 0 Similar to the label of juvenile delinquent By bestowing this title theres an inclination to follow behaviors that coincide with such a title leading to increased delinquency 0 Patients may behave different in settings So what can be called a mental illness inside a psychiatric hospital can be sane outside that environment 0 DSM s change over time 0 Cross cultural changes in psychiatric diagnosis Stigmatizing nature 0 Expected to talk about post structuralism 0 Post structuralists were mostly active in anti psychiatry movements
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