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Study Guide for Exam 2

by: Erica Notetaker

Study Guide for Exam 2 HIST 150

Marketplace > Ball State University > History > HIST 150 > Study Guide for Exam 2
Erica Notetaker
The West in the World
Edward D. Krzemienski (P)

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About this Document

This is a Study Guide that covers terms and concepts from Chapters 7 through 14. It also includes questions and answers for "Song of Roland".
The West in the World
Edward D. Krzemienski (P)
Study Guide
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This 9 page Study Guide was uploaded by Erica Notetaker on Wednesday October 14, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to HIST 150 at Ball State University taught by Edward D. Krzemienski (P) in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 64 views. For similar materials see The West in the World in History at Ball State University.


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Date Created: 10/14/15
Ed Krzemienski HIST l 50 OPEN EXAM DATES TUESDAY SEPTEMBEFR 20SUNDAY SEPTEMBER 25 S 09089 Diocletian ruled from 285 to 305 society was dependent on slave labor but he wanted to get rid of slave labor and incorporate farm labor idea was to get people back to working on farms farm labor and taX collector were two positions important to Diocletian no one wanted to do those jobs Jobs for life if you were in one of the above mentioned jobspositions you were not allowed to leave jobs are inherited and children had to work in the same positions NOT slavery Constantine Emperor 306 to 337 created Constantinople Eastern Roman Byzantine Empire founded on religion and was defined by Islam Constantinople new capital created and named by Constantine divided Roman Empire Western Roman Empire was controlled by Christianity Latifundia large plantations owned by individuals Early Middle Ages 500 to 1050 High Middle Ages 1050 to 1300 Feudalism System of decentralization all small villages living independently but with similar governments interact very little with each other 10Lord owners people with enough money to own land inherits the land and passes down to his children llAristocracy Lords are a class of their own based on land ownership 12Class Structure Even if someone came upon money they could never own land and never become upper class Aristocracy they must be born into it l3Fief dom small towns building blocks of Feudalism direct results of Latifundia has 2 major components the owner and the workers l4PeasantsSerfs workers with jobs for life who are bound to the land worked on farms not terrible to be bound to the land because they get to be with their families forever but it can be negative because there is not alternative this began as a law but developed into the facts of life 15Castle Lords houses that were meant to protect against invading forces important because they also protected the peasants 16Knight Lords by birth soldiers with training rode horses and had money did nothing but prepare for battle which eventually meant that they went from being the protectors of the peasants to the terror peasants became targets because knights were looking for something to fight or kill if the knights became so outrageously violent peasants had no other thing to do other than revolt this worried the Pope 17 Seasons of War similar to current hunting seasons the Pope created these seasons to cut back on the number of wars and keep it from messing with money and taxes being paid to them negative side effect was that people would wait for war and be preparing the whole time this resulted in HUGE battles the fact that the Popes have the authority to create something like this shows that they were very powerful 18Chivalry concept outlined for Knights they were Christian warriors therefore Christian first and then warriors be better than the peasants and do God s work Proper behavior education and Romance Lady aka Aristocratic Women 19Pope Gregory I helped to make Christianity not only religious but social economic political and educated creates empire and was importantin power from 590 to 604 Gregorian Reforms chants and Latin parts of mass Popes began to say that the speak directly to God and they try to maintain relationships with Germanic Tribes 20Clovis consolidates authority over Gaul 496 converts to Christianity defends Christianity and therefore the Pope Even if they don t like him 21Charles Martel descendent of Clovis Charles the Hammer Martel vs The Moors Muslims in Spain for the most part they minded their own but were seen as very frightening Martel believed that they were demons on Earth 22Battle of Tours 732 Charles Martel defeats the Moors symbolic moment in history of Christianity 23Pepin the Short Son of Charles Martel declares war defeats Lombard s and creates papal states 24Lombard s tough group of people constantly battling in upper Italy including major city of Rome 25Papal States created by Pepin the Short in Rome in 753 they were large nations for the Pope 26Charlemagne aka Charles the Great Pepin s son he ruled from 768 to 814 over the Germanic Tribes spreads empire over the western world defender of faith who takes orders from the Pope 27Carolingian Empire Saxons and Bohemians founding people of Germany Lombard s 28VikingsBavarians etc took over Roman world after fall and still caused trouble afterwards Lords built castles to protect themselves their families and the peasants 29Pope Leo III crowns Charlemagne as Holy Roman Emperor 30Christmas Day 800 Charlemagne was crowned Emperor 3lHoly Roman Emperor Charlemagne was the first one and the main job was to defend the faith and take orders from the Pope 32Louis the Pious inherits the entire empire dies and has three sons who split up the empire 33Treaty of Verdun how the three sons split up the empire East Portion West Portion and Middle Kingdom 34Louis the German East Portion modern day Germany 35Charles the Bald West Portion modern day France 36Lothair Middle Kingdom 37Middle Kingdom originally given to Lothair but the 3 brothers fight over this region for 3 Wars 38Battle of Hastings 1066 William defeats Edward William takes over all of England because island was united before he attacked 39William the Conqueror aka William of Normandy and leads invasion which began in Southern portion of England 40Edward the Confessor on English side and was defeated in the Battle of Hastings by William of Normandy 41Henry 1 creates a Census which has a lasting effect and was called the DOMESDAY Book attempts to organize England and mimics the ideas of the Romans 42Shires sheriffs who aimed at maintaining consistency created a hierarchical system 43Common Law rules by law brought back by Henry I 44Henry 11 created trial by jury 45King s Court judges sent out around England to shires to make sure common law is followed 46King John I era of Robin Hood was fighting a war and needed money Lords had money and the King had the power hat in hand went to Lords and was willing to do anything to get money Lords take advantage and tell him that they want part of decision making from now on 47 Magna Carta1215 document created by Lords means Great Charter from then on the King had to ask permission from the Lords 48Par1iament created by Magna Carta Parliament creates House of Lords and House of Commons 49House of Lords advise check and balance the King 50House of Commons at that time meant that you were incredibly wealthy without a title becomes representation of the Middle Class late becomes City Dwellers of People of the Burghs 51Hugh Capet 987 to 996 Mayor or Lord in feudal society fiefdom Paris Capetian Line 1St line of Kings in France slow process became more powerful over centuries became most powerful Kings in the World 52Pope Gregory V11 1073 institutes policy that Popes are economic political military religious leaders Dominating Kings Instruct the Kings 53The Crusades Pope tries to win Holy Lands and take land from Muslims major military undertaking Citizens want to fight for three reasons 1 Pilgrims 2 Penance forgiveness for all things past present and future 3Adventure wanted to get out of lifelong fiefdom 54Council of Clermont called by Pope Urban 11 Urban talks to God and says that he wants the Holy Lands to be back in the hands of Christians this was a misconception because they never were in Christian hands 55Pope Urban II 1095 called the Council of Clermont 56Jerusalem in 1099 the crusaders captured Jerusalem in the First Crusade 57Saladin led the Muslims who gathered to fight back in 1174 for the Second Crusade known as Saladin the Great and was a great military leader comparable to Hannibal 58Third Crusade DISASTER Celebrity Crusade because they wanted the highest ranking members of society to join in 59Ricth the Lionhearted England King John s brother 60Philip Augustus French King 61 Frederick Barbarossa German Region great warrior but when he came home from the Crusade he saw a body of water and ran into it with armor still on he drowned 62Renaissance period after the Crusades rise of Trade growth goods in uence ideas and became a more widespread society 63Secular Christianity idea that you can be good religious people while also having jobs and leisure time apart from Church 64Florence city state of the Renaissance blossoms under leadership of Prince Lorenzo the Magnificent 65Lorenzo the Magnificent great leader introduced concept of patronage 66Patronage monetary support during Middle Ages all patronage was religious and for the Church meant that artists now have a choice and resulted in more creative works 67 quotUniversal manquot ties to arete and aka a Renaissance man 68Donatello brings back the human form nude painting goal was to return to classics Greece protected by his patrons 69Leonardo da Vinci 1452 to 1519 true Renaissance man inventions paintings and war plans grave robber who cut open and studied bodies to be able to understand the human body 70 Mona Lisa greatest work of Leonardo da Vinci not sure who she is and may have been a prostitute subtle and mysterious painting 71Michelangelo does greatest work for Pope Julius II Sistine Chapel 72Pope Julius II hired Michelangelo to paint Sistine Chapel 73Sistine Chapel Michelangelo s signature work to others 74Niccolo Machiavelli 1469 to 1527 separated politics and religion 75The Prince example divorcing politics from the religion the ends justify the means do whatever it takes to get things done 76Christian humanism attempt to combine these two ideas bring more humanistic aspects to all of Christianity c 1500 77Erasmus traveler and great intellectual responsible greatly for he spread of Renaissance recognized that women were not evil and that people demonized them when Jesus never said that they should be Jewish people get in the way of Christians trying to get back their Holy Land from Muslims 78 Praise of F olly Book written by Erasmus humorous and tries to incorporate satire into Christianity pokes fun to try and correct it makes enemies with both sides of Christianity with this book 79Rabelais France Earthly Christianity all wants of human kind should be incorporated into Christianity 1 Music 2 Languages 80 Gargantua and Pantegruel written by Rabelais and the main message was that God created the world to make humans happy 81Thomas More England important person in England who writes Utopia 82 Utopia Thomas More s idea of a perfect world with Christianity argues for elimination of private wealth socialization redistribution of wealth 83William Shakespeare 1564 to 1616 his literature and writing is another version of Mona Lisa concepts and interpretations characters are awed and working through things during the story 84Martin Luther Catholic monk who sought change within the Catholic Church through his 95 Thesis and in doing so sparked the Reformation 85Faith in God s mercy that transcended the need for any good works 86Grace of God idea that you could get to heaven without your worldly good works 87 quotGood worksquot works of God you could do to earn your way into heaven 88Indulgences papers that you could purchase to earn a way into heaven 89Johan Tetzel a Dominican friar and an infamous seller of indulgences 90Ninety five Theses Martin Luther s explanation of the corruption of the Catholic Church 91 Frederick of Saxony aka Frederick the Great elector of Saxony from 1486 to his death and he was the son of Ernest 92LutheransProtestants group that broke away from the Catholic Church to follow Martin Luther after the Reformation 93Peasants Revolt 1524 violent war in which the peasants took up arms and stormed manor houses 94Peace of Augsburg established the Lutheran Church as a legitimate alternative to Catholicism decided between Frederick and the German Lutheran Princes 95John Calvin in uential French theologian and pastor during the Protestant Reformation 96 Calvinists followers of Calvinism which was created by John Calvin stressed that most people are saved through God s grace not through their own merits 97Huguenots French Protestant of the 16th to 17th centuries largely Calvinistic suffered severe persecution at the hands of the Catholic majority 98Edict of Nantes 1598 decree promulgated at Nantes by King Henry IV to restore internal peace in France which had been torn by the Wars of Religion defined the rights of the Huguenots 99Henry VIII King of England famously married siX times because he wanted a male heir played a critical role in the English Reformation which turned his country into a Protestant nation 100 Catherine of Aragon married to Henry VIII for 18 years but failed to give him a male heir believed God disapproved of their marriage because she was his brother s widow 101 Anne Boleyn Henry wanted to divorce Catherine to marry Anne because she refused to be another one of his mistresses had to get special permission from the Pope to get a divorce failed to give him a son later beheaded for adultery 102 Church of England 1534 Act of Supremacy declared the king the supreme head of the Church of England separate church that was later called Protestant 103 Queen Bloody Mary daughter of Catherine of Aragon inherited the kingdom because there was no male heir staunch Catholic who set out to undo Protestant reforms ordered 280 Protestants to be burned for heir religious treason 104 Queen Elizabeth 1 Anne Boleyn s daughter and Mary s half sister throne went to her after Mary s death excellent politician who placed herself at the center of political decisions affectionately loved by her people never married wanted to unify England around a Protestant core persecuted Catholics Song of Roland Questions and Answers 1 Charlemagne was from what country France 2 Who is King Marsile King of Saragossa Charlemagne s sworn enemy 3 How many years have Charlemagne s troops been in Spain 7 years 4 Who is Roland A Count Charlemagne s nephew one of 12 peers of France 5 Who thinks Charlemagne is 200 years old King Marsile 6 What is the rearguard The soldiers positioned at the rear of a body of troops esp protecting an army when it is in retreat Roland s primary responsibility with Oliver 7 Who is Oliver Roland s assistant gallant warrior Charlemagne s companion one of the 12 peers 8 The Franks announce that there will be a curse upon those who do what Lose the battle Try to kill one of the 12 peers 9 What happens to martyrs when they die They take their place in paradise on high 10Who is Ganelon What does he do Roland s Stepfather Charlemagne s sister s husband Committed the act of treason and betrays Charles 11Who announces Your men are bolder than others The Pagans Ganelon King Marsile 12What is an Oliphant Why is it important Roland s ivory horn it is how he signals for help but he signals to late when Charlemagne hears it he knows that Roland is in trouble 13Where does an enemy say he will take Roland s sword Arabia 14When Charlemagne offers his right glove to God who receives it Saint Gabriel 15During battle what does Charlemagne pray for Aide from God Victory Stop the sun in its tracks 16In his vision what kind of animal attacks Charlemagne Lion 17What is the name of Marsile s wife Queen Bramimonde 18What does Charlemagne do when he discovers Roland is dead Weeps and mourns for Roland and other lost men Pulls his hair out Faints Takes bodies back to home country Decides to avenge the lost l9How does Baligant regard Charlemagne He wants him dead or to surrender alive Enemies Battle and are equal in skill 20What is an emir Prince Commander Ruler or Chieftain of the Islamic World 21 Charlemagne announces that he must render neither peace nor love to Whom God 22Who does Charlemagne announce shall be taken captive to fair France Bramimonde 23What happens to the surrendering Muslims They are baptized 24What happens to the traitor of Charlemagne He is torn apart by haVing his limbs tied to horses and they ran different directions 25Why does Charlemagne say God how wearisome my life is He wants to end another bloody war


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