Study Guide for Exam 2
Study Guide for Exam 2 COMM 290
Popular in Intercultural Communication
verified elite notetaker
Popular in Language
This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Erica Notetaker on Wednesday October 14, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to COMM 290 at Ball State University taught by Laura S L O'Hara in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 92 views. For similar materials see Intercultural Communication in Language at Ball State University.
Reviews for Study Guide for Exam 2
These are great! I definitely recommend anyone to follow this notetaker
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 10/14/15
Cultural Patterns Text Definition Shared beliefs values norms and social practices that are stable over time and that lead to roughly similar behaviors across similar situations Lecture Definition response of a culture to these questions 1 What is humans relationship to activity 2 What is humans relationship to each other 3 What is the nature of human beings 4 What is the relationship of humans to the natural world 5 What is the orientation of humans to time Cultural Pattern Characteristics The majority of a culture s members adapt the preferred response Although a cultural pattern is acceptable and the norm not every one adheres to it Cultural patterns are invisible they are around them all of the time but not always aware of them Made up of shared beliefs values norms and social practices Stable over time ex quottime is moneyquot This motto has been a stable norm for a while in American culture Patterns lead to roughly similar behaviors across situations in a culture Components of Cultural Patterns 1 Beliefs a Idea that people assume to be true about the world b Set of learned interpretations that form the basis for cultural members to decide what is and what is not logical and correct c Central Beliefs culture s fundamentals teachings about what reality is and expectations about how the world works d Peripheral Beliefs matters of personal taste contribute to each person s unique con guration of ideas and expectations within the larger cultural mix 2 Values a Involve what a culture regards as good or bad right or wrong fair or unfair just or unjust beautiful or ugly clean or dirty valuable or worthless appropriate or inappropriate kind or cruel b Desired characteristics or goals of a culture Not necessarily describing actual behaviors or characteristics Valence whether value is seen as positive or negative an e lntensity strength or importance of the value or degree to which culture identi es the value as signi cant Norms a Socially shared expectations of appropriate behaviors Social Practices Predictable behavior patterns that members of a culture typically follow Kluckhohn and Strodtbeck 4 conclusions about the function of cultural patterns 1 2 3 People in all cultures face common human problems for which they must nd solutions The range of alternative solutions to a culture s problems is limited Within a given culture there will be preferred solutions which most people within the culture will select but there will also be people who will choose other solutions Over time the preferred solutions shape the culture s basic assumptions about beliefs values norms and social practices the cultural patterns 5 major elements in cultural orientation 1 Activity Orientation What is the human orientation to activity Activity orientation de nes how people of a culture view human actions and the expression of self through activities Is it important to be engaged in activities in order to be a good member of one s culture Can and should people change the circumstances of their lives ls work very different from play Which is more important work or play ls life a series of problems to be solved or simply a collection of events to be experienced BeingBecomingDoing Continuum a Being values inaction and acceptance of the status quo b Becoming humans evolve to change c Doing important to get things done d This continuum helps us understand where a culture is on the activity orientation spectrum Social Relations Orientation What is the relationship of humans to each other Social relations orientation describes how people in a culture organize themselves and relate to one another To what extent are some people in the culture considered better or superior to others Can social superiority be obtained through birth age good deeds or material achievement and success Are formal ritualized interaction sequences expected In what ways does the culture s language require people to make social distinctions What responsibilities and obligations do people have to their extended families their neighbors their employers or employees and others Ranges from emphasizing differences and social hierarchy to striving for equality and the absence of hierarchy Noticeable Difference Degree of importance a culture places on formality Self Orientation What is the nature of human beings Self orientation describes how people s identities are formed Do people believe they have their own unique identities that separate them from others Does the self reside in the individual of in the groups to which the individual belongs What responsibility does the individual have to others What motivates people to behave as they do Is it possible to respect a person who is judged quotbadquot in one part of life but is successful in another part of life World Orientation What is the relationship of humans to the natural world World orientation deals with how people locate themselves in relation to the spiritual world nature and other living things Are human beings intrinsically good or evil Are humans different from other animals and plants Are people in control of subjugated by or living in harmony with the forces of nature Do spirits of the dead inhabit and affect the human world Time Orientation What is the orientation of humans to time Time orientation concerns how people conceptualize time How should time be valued and understood ls time a scarce resource or is it unlimited Is the desirable pace of life fast or slow ls time linear or cyclical
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'