ASB222 Exam 2 Film Study Guide
ASB222 Exam 2 Film Study Guide ASB 222
Popular in Buried Cities and Lost Tribes
Popular in anthropology, evolution, sphr
This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Phoebe Chang on Wednesday October 14, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to ASB 222 at Arizona State University taught by Perreault in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 1450 views. For similar materials see Buried Cities and Lost Tribes in anthropology, evolution, sphr at Arizona State University.
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Date Created: 10/14/15
ASB 222 Film 2 Study Guide 1 How can we tell that Turkana boy was still growing when he died 0 5ft 3in tall almost complete skeleton 0 Growth plates on his limbs should be fused if he39s an adult 0 Yet it was unfused 0 About 14 years old by skeleton study 0 About 8 years old by fossil teeth 0 Growth rate is faster like chimpanzee short childhood 2 Humans have a longerjuvenile period than chimpanzees What are the benefits of a longjuvenile period 0 May be related to brain size 0 Human 1400cc Turkana 900cc Chimp 400cc 0 Gives brain time to grow after birth time to learn how to function in human society 0 Endocast brain mode inside the skull i Broca39s area communication proofs Homo erectus had a large brain What does that imply in terms of its diet 0 Biggest in animal kingdom in relation of body size 25 of energy needed 0 Being able to shape stones into tools accessible to all food 0 Needing meat or byproduct of meat brain fat high protein etc What kind of special locomotion was Homo erectus adapted for 0 Running for long distance Based on the genetic analysis of lice when did our ancestors lose their body hair 0 Have some lice to parasitize them 0 Human head pubic area 2 types 0 Used to have one yet we got hairless lost contact between two areas i Original immigrated to head ii New Came from gorilla to pubic area 0 Molecular clock i DNA bases mutate at a regular rate ii Counting the differenceshow long they39ve been growing apart 0 3 million years ago i Starting to lose hair since Lucy time ii Turkana boy was mostly hairless 6 What is the link between the loss of body hair and our capacity to run long distance 0 Most animals are at disadvantage at midday under sun overheat 0 Can39t pant while running fast short sprints O Hominids Cool down by sweating Allow air to circulate through our skin when hairless Best long distance runner 7 Humans are one of the best longdistance runners in the animal kingdom Name one benefit of such adaptation 0 Persistent hunting 0 Bushmen hunt i ii iii iv V Animal rest in shades Located prey Run it to exhaustion 4hrs Not a chance to cool down Heat stroke can39t move 8 What natural preservation process allowed for Turkana Boy39s skeleton to preserved 0 He was sick and in pain while he died i Lowerjaw and teeth have an abscess and an infection ii Return to campsite to seek comfort and help iii Infection spreading through his body dying iv He probably died in water washed into swamp protected him from being eaten v Never been seen nor destroyed vi Gradually decomposed rivers flooded brought more sediments buried him vii Hippos walked over his bones Extra info 0 Building fire and cooking after cooperation when hunting i To digest food i To protect themselves with fire at night iii Became more social iv Learned to share and communication
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