Encounters in Human Diversity
Encounters in Human Diversity SOWK 350
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This 9 page Study Guide was uploaded by Brando Franecki on Thursday October 15, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to SOWK 350 at Millersville University of Pennsylvania taught by Staff in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 52 views. For similar materials see /class/223538/sowk-350-millersville-university-of-pennsylvania in Social Work at Millersville University of Pennsylvania.
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Date Created: 10/15/15
SOWK 350 Diversity Dr Alice W Sewell Study Questions Ch 1 Intercultural Competence 1 How would you explain the concept of the imperative for intercultural competence to someone who had not read this chapter What are the two primary sources of this imperative What SPECIFIC kinds of things are going on right now within these two sources 2 What do you consider to be the major challenges andor consequences of living in an intercultural world Study Questions Ch 2 Intercultural Competence 1 Compare the de nitions of communication from Chapter 1 and intercultural communication What is the key difference between the two de nitions 2 What ve attributes of culture are essential to the study of communication EXPLAIN what makes each of these attributes essential 3 What six forces create and sustain cultural differences Give examples of each force then explain how the six forces function together as a system 4 How do cultural differences facilitate impede or otherwise affect communication Keep in mind that the text de nes communication as a symbolic interpretive transactional contextual process in which people create shared meanings Fall 2003 SOWK 350 Diversity Dr Alice W Sewell Study Questions Ch 3 Intercultural Competence 1 In your own words identify and describe the ve 5 components of intercultural competence 2 Explain the DIE communications tool How does it work and what is the advantage of using it 3 The authors discuss four metaphors that have been used when describing cultural diversity during different eras in US history What are the advantages disadvantages of each metaphor Try developing a more accurately descriptive metaphor within your own group Explain the reason for your choice 4 What are the eight BASIC tools also called dimensions of intercultural competence Which three does your group consider most important and why p 72 Study Questions Ch 4 Intercultural Competence 1 What three components provide the foundation of ALL cultural patterns How do these components differ from each other How do the components work together as a system Give an example 2 What are four 4 universal functions of cultural patterns 3 What are the ve 5 universal questions all cultures must answer 4 Explain the relationship between cultural patterns and intercultural competence You may do this by making a set of statements or rules illustrating the relationship Study Questions Ch 5 Intercultural Competence 1 This chapter focuses on taxonomies of cultural patterns Think of a meaningful synonym for the word quottaxonomyquot What is the utility of any taxonomy 2 What is the central or organizing concept in Hall s cultural patterns In Hofstede s cultural patterns In the Confucian perspective 3 In your own words explain how Hall s taxonomy Hofstede s taxonomy and the Confucian cultural values work 4 What are the steps in using these taxonomies to improve intercultural competence Fall 2003 SOWK 350 Diversity Study Questions based on You Just Don39t Understand Preface and Chapter 1 quotDifferent Words Different Voicesquot N E 4 V39 Early in the text Tannen states that talk between men and women is crosscultural communication because boys and girls grow u in essentially different cultures Do You agree with her statement Why Why not Support your position with examples from your own life experience including knowledge from your preVious coursework Social science courses are especially helpful but don t overlook others What are some of the challenges of crosscultural communication Hint This textbook won39t help much in answering this question Think Summarize the male approach to the world then summarize the female approach to the world Compare and contrast the two approaches Think of personal examples illustrating clashes between the two approaches Prepare a few examples to share with the entire class What are the two needs that Tannen sees as continually requiring juggling and balancing in MF communication How are these two needs operationalized that is what do we see when someone is trying to achieve Need X Need Y How do these two needs relate to connection and status Using your own words explain the difference between the quotmessagequot and the quotmetamessagequot in human communication How do the concepts of quotalignmen quot and quotframingquot contribute to our understanding of metamessages What is meant by the quotmixed metamessages ofhelpquot Consider Tannen s paraphrase of the anthropological research describing the different play styles of boys and girls How accurately does this research re ect your own childhood experiences In your own words describe the dynamics that differentiate girls39 play from boys39 play Chapter 2 quotAsymmetriesquot l N E In your own words describe the MF differences in expressing troublesconcemsproblems Which gender s quotcomplaintsquot or quottroubles talkquot focuses on the message How do you know What makes advicegiving antithetical to establishing mutual understanding When men and women talk to each other about feelings how do their responses or approaches differ For example if Megan says to Tomquot I feel so guilty about not haVing called Mom from the airport to let her know our ight was changedquot how might we expect Tom to respond August 2003 SOWK 350 Diversity 4 What are the two simultaneous and different metamessages implied in asking for and giving information V39 When Judy calls the Help Desk about the problem she is having with her computer printer she hopes that Cindy is working this shift because if Joel or Rick are staffing the Help Desk Judy knows from past experience that she will have an even more complicated problem What could explain Judy39s outlook 0 What is the most fundamentally troublesome aspect of the asymmetries Tannen identifies in MF approaches gt1 Do an experiment Listen to Larry King Live or any program with audience participation Create a chart showing gender of participants and length of time in minutes for participation Is Tannen s hypothesis supported August 2003 SOWK 350 Diversity Study Questions based on You Just Don39t Understand Chapter 3 quotPut Down That Paperquot N E 4 V39 0 Studies show which gender actually talks more How do the study results fit with your own experiences in your family in classroom settings In clubssocial organizations On the job In your own words describe Tannen s distinction between quotreport talkquot and quotrapport talkquot Think of other labels that could be accurate synonyms for her terms Jack and Jill are in marriage counseling because Jill claims that Jack is shutting her out of his life The counselor suggests that Jack and Jill spend at least 15 minutes a day in meaningful conversation with each other at a time and place with minimal distractions Tannen would probably be skeptical about this suggestion why What are the M F differences in interpretation of the purposes of talk What is your understanding of how to use the information about MF differences in conversational style in your public interactions Private interactions Do an experiment See if you can get results similar to Carol Mitchell s study on joketelling by gender Chapter 4 quotGossipquot N E 4 V39 What is the essence of gossip What is the literary synonym for gossip What is the social science synonym What does Tannen see as the function of gossip Describe in your own words the malefemale differences about the characteristics of a good conversation What is the difference between gossip as a status enhancer and gossip as a means of social control Tannen comments that quotthe values of therapy are those more typically associated with women s ways of talkingquot What might that mean as far as men s participation in all forms of counseling including selfhelp groups How might this explain the relatively small percentages of male social workers Tannen suggests that assertiveness training teaches women to talk more like men Do you agree with Tannen s statement Explain why or why not August 2003 SOWK 350 Diversity Study Questions based on You Just Don39t Understand Chapter 5 quotI ll Explain It to Youquot 1 N E 4 V39 How does Tannen explain malefemale differences in the way knowledgeexpertise is displayed What is the basic difference in malefemale interactional goals Using your own words explain how 39 J r J J r J and 39 r differ from each other Why are these distinctions relevant to malefemale communication 1 1 Both boys and girls affiliate with others however the goals of affiliation are different Describe the gender differences in goals In your own words summarize the differences in malefemale listening patterns revealed by Maltz and Borker s research Do an experiment Try changing your habitual role whether listener or lecturer Describe l the context including the subject of conversation 2 what happened when you changed your role and 3 how comfortable you felt Chapter 6 quotCommunity and Contestquot N E 4 V39 Describe the concept of quotadversativenessquot in your own words Compare several ways and types of situations in which adversativeness is differentially demonstrated in the language of women and men What are the KEY malefemale differences in expectations assumptions and attitudes about the opposite sex that confuse adult conversations Tannen states that quotall the verbal ways of being nice expected of women can be used to hurt as well as to healquot Share several examples of the way this principle has worked based on your interpersonal relationships What patterns emerge within your learning group What are some of the personal and professional prices women and men pay as a result of their genderbased approaches to community and contest August 2003 SOWK 350 Diversity Study Questions based on You Just Don39t Understand Chapter 7 quotWho s Interruptingquot l N E What are several challenges involved in de ning conversational interruptions What factors must be taken into account Compare the components of successful cooperative overlapping with unsuccessful cooperative overlapping What is the conversational context in which women generally perceive interruption In which men generally perceive interruption WHY do men and women feel conversationally interrupted by each other What are the underlying issues Chapter 8 quotDamned If You Doquot 1 N E 4 What is the gender difference in application of the injunction quotNever boast or bragquot How does this play out in the contexts of family life social gatherings and employment settings Think of personal examples to share with the group What features of female conversational style make women appear relatively powerless What kinds of adjustments do men and women make in mixed discussion groups Do you find yourself making these adjustments or are you atypical What is the doublebind for women according to Tannen Do you agree with her assessment Why Why not August 2003 SOWK 350 Diversity Study Questions based on You Just Don39t Understand Chapter 9 quotLook at Me When I m Talking to Youquot 1 Summarize the key malefemale differences Tannen uncovered in her review of videotaped conversations among friends at various age levels Your group may want to make a chart to show the summary Chapter 10 quotLiving with Asymmetryquot 2 Explain Bateson s concept of quotcomplementary schismogenesisquot in your own words Provide at least one example from your own experiences of malefemale interaction illustrating the concept 3 What does Tannen see as a major reason for why gender differences are so much more troubling than other crosscultural differences What is the paradox that comes into play 4 Use your own words to describe the quotnetwork of asymmetriesquot that create enact and reinforce gender and status differences between men and women 5 What does Tannen mean by the term quotgenderlectquot Describe your understanding of the dynamics of male and female genderlect 6 What are the primary benefits of understanding genderlects What are the drawbacks AFTERWORD 1 What important clarification does Tannen offer about malefemale differences regarding their interest in information 2 What nuances does Tannen bring to the reader39s attention about the generalization that women tend to be more indirect than men August 2003 SOWK 350 Diversity Dr Alice W Sewell Study 1 N E 4 Questions KL Chapter 10 What ve types of interpersonal relationships are universally recognized across cultures Identify and describe in your own words at least one preferably more than one cultural variation for each type of interpersonal relationship For example the interpersonal relationship type known as acquaintance means that one engages in social politeness rituals involving small talk but no real self disclosure The cultural variation on acquaintance in the United Arab Emirates is one in which small talk may not involve asking about the wife of a male acquaintance The three primary dimensions of control af liation and activation are universally used to interpret interpersonal communication De ne each of these dimensions in your own words then explain how the behaviors involved in showing each dimension vary between cultures What is face Describe the three characteristics of face and the three universal face needs Describe facework in your own words How does face threat relate to facework What are the ve basic components of self disclosure that underlie cultural diiTerences in this area What key question is at the root of each component What is the pro le of typical EuroAmericans on these ve components of self disclosure
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