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Philosophy 2010 Study Guide - Quiz 1

by: Sydney Dowd

Philosophy 2010 Study Guide - Quiz 1 Phil 2010 016

Marketplace > Georgia State University > Phil 2010 016 > Philosophy 2010 Study Guide Quiz 1
Sydney Dowd
GPA 4.0

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About this Document

This covers everything for tomorrow's quiz! Good luck!
Introduction to Philosophy
Aaron Cochran
Study Guide
philosophy, 2010, intro, Study Guide
50 ?




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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Sydney Dowd on Tuesday March 22, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Phil 2010 016 at Georgia State University taught by Aaron Cochran in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 102 views.


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Date Created: 03/22/16
Philosophy 2010 / Study Guide for Quiz / 23 Mars, 2016 Death Nagel   Deprivation Account of Death: death is bad because it deprives us of future pleasures   Who is death “bad” for?  ­ Before we die we do not feel death, and after we die we don’t  Time before we existed = not scary ­ Thus, time after we are dead should not be scary.   If immortality (never being deprived of life) is best, we are doomed because we must die. Kagan  If dying is bad because it takes life away…is immortality the best option?  Immortality is not a better option.  ­ We will accomplish all we want  ­ Eventually, we’ll want death ­ Life will become boring, mundane.  Existentialism  Kierkegaard  Objective truths: verifiable things in external world (backpack, objects, etc.)  Subjective truths: how you relate to the truths you adopt ­ You must believe in a way which impacts your life  ­ Passionate belief in wrong thing > bored belief in right thing  Religion cannot be proved objectively true or false.   It’s really the actions (if any) coming from your beliefs which matter, not the objective  validity of your belief.  Sartre  Existence precedes essence  ­ Humans are born, THEN we each determine our individual purposes ­ Objects are made for a specific purpose.   Each of your decisions reflects upon what mankind can do and should be ­ My decisions don’t just reflect upon me   Since (his belief) there is no God, we are free to choose our own purpose instead of  relying upon a preordained religious one.  The Problem of Evil Mackie  If God is all good and all powerful  ­ God should eliminate evil ­ Evil exists ­ Therefore, a good, all­powerful God does not exist.  Swinburne (Free Will Defense)   A good God would give us freedom and ability to impact the world   Evil’s existence does not prove that a good, all­powerful God does not exist  Moral evils: Evils done by human beings (lying, cheating, etc.)  ­ The result of human free will   Natural evils: evils outside of human free will (natural disasters, etc).  ­ Allowed by God so that we can use our free will  ­ Allow us to develop qualities like sympathy, charity  ­ Allow us to develop cures and defenses  ­ Give us opportunity to use our free will in the right way   Physical pain gives us option of complaining or enduring patiently, even.   In order to give us “true” free will, God had to give us tendency towards evil. ­ If we were neutral, we would always choose the good ­ If we were good, we would not have free choice (would always choose good)  Belief  Clifford   Wrong beliefs are bad to keep ­ Will lead to wrong actions ­ Will be passed on to newer generation   It is always wrong for someone to believe something without sufficient evidence   We have a duty to question our beliefs James  People can have religious beliefs without being morally wrong   Options (choices)   To be genuine, options must… ­ Be live: plausible to person they’re given to  ­ Be forced: there is no option C ­ Be momentous: nonreversable, you will miss out if you choose incorrectly AND while you wait and have not decided   You are never going to find absolute proof for religion  Difference between James and Clifford  Clifford: never believe anything without sufficient evidence  James: in some cases, it is appropriate to believe/choose a belief without sufficient  evidence because you could miss out if you do not choose. 


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