INS 410 STUDY GUIDE
INS 410 STUDY GUIDE INS 410
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This 8 page Study Guide was uploaded by Patricia Colon on Tuesday December 16, 2014. The Study Guide belongs to INS 410 at University of Miami taught by Joseph Uscinski, Ariel Armony in 2014. Since its upload, it has received 123 views. For similar materials see Advanced Seminar:Immigration Reform in International Studies at University of Miami.
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Date Created: 12/16/14
Sunday December 14 2014 INS 410 Readings 908 Chapter 1 Preface Jeb Bush married to a Mexican woman moved to Caracas and realized US exceptional nature comes from its open ness dynamism and set of values that embrace diversity drug cartels in Miami Attorney Gen John Ashfort signed an agreement creating the first 287g Cross Designation program in the country and Florida is the first state to allow local and state offices to be trained to act on behalf of Border Patrol and others How to get border security right 1 VP tasks force of 1980 2 Federal State ef forts to control importance of drugs in early 2000s 3 Cooperative agreement to extend reach of important officials using state and local resources 911 damaged it all terrorist got drivers license and their pilot license in Florida Florida s highest industries Hospitality Construction Agriculture SS experiencing decline worker beneficiary ratio 33 in 2005 21 in 2040 To restore sustained economic growth for the future we need a new immigration strategy for young aspiring people to come to the US A Proposal for Immigration Reform immigration as a social justice or as a scourge compares immigration to a dam left gt open borders as justice right gt take jobs comprehensive reform 1 immigration essential to US 2 immigration policy governed by rule of law 23 Americans support process illegal immigration can obtain legal status speak english background check pay restitution Americans support immigration as long as law is enforced 1 fundamental reform 2 demand driven immigration system increased role of states dealing with current illegal immigrants 3 4 5 border security QQQ3 915 Chapter 2 Sunday December 14 2014 ega Aliens Someone not a citizen of this country and not here legally ega Alien term is pejorative and criminalizes the person we should use more accurate terms such as unauthorized immigrant or undocumented worker 1986 Immigration Reform And Control Act IRCA was a onetime mechanism for immigrants to shed status by meeting certain conditions to the path of citi zenship Calling them something else is in denial that foreigners in the US are in viola tion of the aw first step in denying American s right to decide who comes in and under what conditions Counterpoint need to change to advance more accurate terminology and more neutral political ground Foreign Policy Samuel Huntington 922 Chapter 4 English language Christianity religious commitment Hispanics don t assimilate Cost of taxpayers Come for promise of economic opportunity Time to move on from debate of immigrants as economic benefit or burden Immigrants produce net fiscal economic benefits Policy makers need to ask how to maximize and enhance this Counterpoint 1 government imposes strict limits and enforcement on how many law skilled immigrants enter the country legally or illegally 2 reduce government subsidie to poor households 3 immigrants are denied social service if even if a member of a household is undocumented 4 end automatic citizenship to children of undocumented parents Depression of wages economic research provides support large scale immigrants and lowers wages of American workers 9 lower wages are of low skilled Americans Counterpoint little to no impact on immigrants and wages they39re different 929 Eric Cantor loss kills immigration reform article Heritage large fiscal costs for US taxpayers direct benefits SS medical aid unemployment insurance workers compen sa on means tested welfare benefits services to low income Americans Sunday December 14 2014 public education population based services states counties cities etc immigration expensive Immigrant Voting Most of US history is voting by non citizens noncitizens can vote in Chicago and Maryland In the Constitution it forbids it 1 its legal 2 its rational 3 its feasible Counterpoint have to be socialized to the American political system incentive to immigrants maximize their interest doesn39t enhance democracy Congressional Elections Intro affected by perceptions of the performance of government satisfaction with the state economy nations foreign policy security their own standard of living elections affect internal operations of congress campaign for voters resources Congressional Elections Ch 1 Candidate centered US election system affects who decides to run election strategy used resources available to them Election reforms these in power willing to consider Separation of powers bicameralism federalism timing of elections fixed election dates Federal state laws Candidates have strong incentive to run cooperative party focused campaigned under system because selectional fortunes bound together cooperation voter registered get to vote efforts districts only democracy no free radio or tv time for parties technology change to elections political setting open seats constitution election laws campaign finance regulations participation nomina tions gt candidate centered system proincumbent professionally oriented moneyfueled form 106 Chapter 9 Legal Immigration Selective System balance between failed based and economic based visa preference problems gt undocumented immigrants shouldn39t look at legal immigration system its well should look at others ex Mexican undocumented US labor policy gt better neighbor policy and labor policy Counterpoint legal system flawed in need of serious reform laws are outdated and fail to achieve intended job goals bring into balance supply demand or employment based visas Sunday December 14 2014 Chapter Summaries Chapter 1 The Three Phases of USBound Immigration The emphasis throughout this is chapter is diversity both in the immigrant s origins and in their modes of incorporation into American society The counterpoint between the widespread demand for immigrant labor by different sectors of the American economy and the activities of nativists and xenophobes along the three successive phrases of USbound immigration will also be a leitmotif of the following analysis The emblematic figure of Sheriff Joe Arpaio repre sents the latest incarnation of a long history of intolerance toward newcomers despite the multi ple contributions that their presence has made in the long run Similarly the progressive bifurca tion of the economy and increasing inequality within the immigrant population in the postindus trial era provide a necessary lens for understanding its diverse patterns of adaption today Chapter 2 Theoretical Overview To the extent that immigrants adopt a pattern of backandforth movement across in ternational borders the question of assimilation versus ethnic resilience is cast in a new light In principle transnationalism may be seen as retarding assimilation to the extent that it keeps alive contacts and memories of the old country Transnationalism highlights the possibility that pre serving ties to the home culture and language may be compatible with acculturation Indeed economically successful immigrants have commonly practiced this mix of the old and new For firstgeneration immigrants regular contact with their places of origin often translates into the possibility of accessing unique economic resources This chapter suggests that the opposition between assimilation and ethnic resilience that has dominated scholarly debates in the past may be overdone Under certain circumstances ethnic resilience in the first and second genera tions can lead to successful assimilation Chapter 3 Moving Patterns of Immigrant Settlement The question of why ethnic communities tend to stay put in certain parts of the country can be discussed jointly with advantages and disadvantages of this pattern because the two issues are closely intertwined Overall the entire process of immigrant settlement is sticky be cause new arrivals tend to move to places where earlier immigrants have become established and later generations do not tend to wander too far off Following assimilation theory it could be argued that this pattern is irrational because economic opportunities especially for the Ameri canborn generations are often greater elsewhere There is however an alternative logic By moving away from places where their own group is numerically strong individuals risk losing a range of social and moral resources that make for psychological wellbeing as well as for eco Sunday December 14 2014 nomic gain For members of the immigrant generation spatial concentration has several posi tive consequences preservation of a valued lifestyle regulation of the pace of acculturation greater social control over the young and access to community networks for both moral and economic support Chapter 4 Making It in America Education Occupation and Entrepreneurship This chapter examines in detail the most recent evidence pertaining to the education laborforce participation occupational status and incomes of the foreignborn population It ex amines determinants of occupational and income achievement of immigrants and propose an alternative interpretation that contrasts an exclusively individualistic approach with one that takes into account the sociological reality of different contexts of reception experienced by dif ferent immigrant minorities Chapter 5 From Immigrants to Ethnics Identity Citizenship and Political Participation Throughout the history of the United States immigrants have seldom felt as American as everyone else because differences in language and culture have separated them from the majority and because they are too often mad painfully aware of that fact Being in America but not of it even if they wish to be has represented an important aspect of the experience of most foreign groups and a major force promoting ethic reaffirmation in subsequent generations The rise of ethnic pride among children recent arrivals is not surprising as it is a tale repeated count less times in the history of immigration Assimilation to America has seldom taken place in the way in the way recommended by nativists Instead the reaffirmation of distinct cultural identi ties whether actual or manufactured in the United States has been the rule among foreign groups and has represented the first effective step in their social and political incorporation Ethnic solidarity has provided the basis for the pursuit of collective goals in the American politi cal system By mobilizing the ethnic vote and by electing their own to office immigrants and their children have learned the rules of the democratic game and have absorbed its values in the process Chapter 6 Language Diversity and Resilience A rapid transition to English has been the lot of the vast majority of foreign groups in the history of American immigration and continues to be so today The shift to English is both an empirical fact and a cultural requirement demanded for foreigners who have sought a new life in America In its extreme but usual version the requirement has included both the acquisition of English and the loss of anything else immigrants might have brought with them The introduction of controls for class background after decades of such reports reversed this finding showing that fluent or true bilingual children actually outperformed monolinguals on a variety of Sunday December 14 2014 achievement tests The expansion of intellectual horizons associated with bilingualism must have been suspected by members of the domestic elite who devoted much time and effort to acquiring foreign tongues often the same ones immigrants were being told to forget The real threat has been to the viability of other languages which have mostly succumbed in the wake of Americanstyle assimilation To the extent that language fluency is an asset and that knowledge of a foreign tongue represents a valuable resource immigrants efforts to maintain this part their cultural heritage and to pass it on their youths is worth supporting Chapter 7 Growing Up American The New Second Generation This chapter surrounded positive stories to convey the image of today s second genera tion that need to be kept and uphold By and large these young people are doing well perform ing better academically than their nativeparentage peers graduating from high school and go ing on to college working hard at their first jobs and taking the first steps toward independent entrepreneurship Even children of families with no money and little or no human capital can move forward riding on their own determination and strategic support from their families and significant others The key question is how much progress immigrants and their offspring make by the rime that the inevitable consequences of acculturation se in and at what level of the American social and economic hierarchies they find themselves at that time Evidence of a strong immigrant drive is documented by results of a number of studies including CILS They demonstrate the high ambition of immigrant parents the equally high educational expectations of immigrant children which frequently exceed those of the general student population and the superior grades and lower dropout rates of secondgeneration students Chapter 8 Religion The Enduring Presence Since religion has proven to be one of the most resilient elements of immigrants culture across generations the beliefs and organized activities carried on by different foreign groups in this realm can be expected to be a trademark of their longterm incorporation into American so ciety and simultaneously a key force guiding the process With a majority Catholic immigrant population the church faces a challenge that has been met successfully in the past but that eludes it in important ways at present Asian Protestants Buddhists and Hindus will continue adding diversity to the American religious marketplace fostering community and socioeconomic mobility in seemingly unproblematic ways Efforts to stamp out Islam will fail given the re silience of all religions and will probably encourage the very same reactions that they seek to suppress The only longterm solution despite present views to the contrary will be to add the small Muslim minority and its mosques and institutions to the religious marketplace on condition of mutual respect for the interplay of ideas Chapter 9 Conclusion Immigration and Pubic Policy Sunday December 14 2014 Trends are arguably more interesting because they adumbrate the likelihood of social change Three are particularly important first the gradual speed of the immigrant presence to all regions of the country second the growing political power of the foreignborn and foreign origin population and the third the end of Mexican labor migration The first trend is the contin uos process of arrival and settlement of foreign workers now extends to all states of the nation The second trend is a consequence of numbers and time The rise of Hispanics as the nation s largest ethnic minority and of Asians as fast growing third as well By itself this growth would not mean much politically were it not for two parallel developments first the consolidation of these groups as real entities with common interests and and collective identities and second the coming of age of the second generation It is worth emphasizing that the growing political influence of the foreignorigin population is a fait accompli since its based on a population that is already here In other words it does not depend on the continuation of immigration although as we have seen this is likely to happen anyway The third trend which is the decline and eventual end of Mexico as the principal reservoir of lowwage labor for the American economy is a func tion of three developments first rapid declines in Mexican fertility leading to progressively few er new entrants into the labor forces second the maturation of the Mexican economy that will create more job opportunities for its workers in the future and third the increasingly high costs and dangers of crossing the border surreptitiously Sunday December 14 2014
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