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Exam 2 Study Guide

by: TigerGirl2019

Exam 2 Study Guide BL_STU 2200 - 01

Social Inequalities
Andrew Fisher

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Social Inequalities
Andrew Fisher
Study Guide
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This 5 page Study Guide was uploaded by TigerGirl2019 on Thursday October 15, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to BL_STU 2200 - 01 at University of Missouri - Columbia taught by Andrew Fisher in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 100 views. For similar materials see Social Inequalities in Linguistics and Speech Pathology at University of Missouri - Columbia.

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Date Created: 10/15/15
Social Inequalities Exam 2 Sociology of Education Education group39s way of passing on knowledge values and skills 0 Social capital the assets of value beliefs attitude experiences and cultural competencies Industrialization and the practice of universal education came about in the same time period Educated workers leads to better production 0 1918 US passed mandatory laws on education Credential society the idea where people value certi cates diplomas and degrees more than knowledge Purposes of Education 0 Passing on knowledge and skills 0 Bettering social mobility climbing the salary ladder 0 Providing the care of family and child 0 Promoting a sense of unity among the people of a nation Con icts 0 Education reinforces social inequality Tracking students are sorted into separate groups based on past academic achievements 0 Education vs Imperialism Education idea of how to think vs Indoctrination idea of forcing what to think 0 School are funded on property taxes Ie Schools in poor neighborhoods will not receive as much funding to educate children of poor families Unequal Educations Majority vs Minorities o The rst US female to be educated wasn t until 1849 at Hobart College 198039s equal enrollment of sexes was allowed More women now graduate than men 0 1950 MU was desegregated by law Founded 1839 Women were admitted in 1867 The rst African American was admitted in 1950 Minority students now at 135 0 Brown vs Board of Education 1954 0 Tuition at Mizzou 1960 it was free but in 2015 it is now 10586 a semester 0 Legacy Preference Myths It is used as a tie breaker in close calls It has an honorable history of bringing about betterhigher education of students It is necessary for school funding Donations It assists families of color in raising the social ladder and getting their children into school It could hurt af rmative action policies It is unfair but it isn39t illegal It is part of academic freedom It won t go away in the near future It doesn39t prevent nonlegacies from being accepted It is part of higher education Work Economy Economy management of the household taking care of the family 0 Depression economic depression a 10 drop in gross domestic product GDP or a steady 2 year decline 0 Recession GDP growth drops for two quarters Work Society Mechanical vs Organic Solidarity 0 Integration how much all the labor is the same everyone grows food and xes problems with their houses 0 Interdependence how much people need other s abor farmers carpenters etc Formal vs Informal Employment 0 Market discipline people become reliant upon things coffee for work week the post of ce being closed on Sunday Hard vs Soft Skills 0 Hard education and training 0 Soft personality and personal grooming Protestant Work Ethic vs Spirit Capitalism 0 16th Century Protestant Reformation Catholic Church was rejected and focus was put on the individual 0 Calvinism and Capitalism Material wealth was a sign of salvation gt The poor could not go to heaven Predestination some were born to be wealthy or poor Asceticism life should be viewed as a denial of pleasure 0 Less capitalist societies China Confucianism and Taoism India Hinduism and Buddhism Keeping peopIe poor A Crime Poverty gt Built up risk exposure gt Chromic stress gt Low achievement Poverty is related to physical and mental risks Ex Environment toxins and family turmoil Stress effects achievement memory and health gt The poor do not rise above poverty Labor Unions Logic Too much power with company owners can be distributed by workers coming together to take action Race and LowWage Job Market Study by Pager Positive Responses Percentage hired 0 White 31 o Latino 251 0 Black 152 Positive Responses with Criminal Record 0 White with felony 172 o Latino clean record 154 0 Black clean record 130 Resu s o More whites were hired than Latinos and blacks even with the white participants having a felony on their record Blacks were always hired theleast Points of Discrimination 0 First point of contact employer rst meets applicant Categorical exclusion o Quali cations are examined told yes or no Shifting standards applicants all had same application and given different answers 0 Job placement white got bestjobs Latinos and blacks placed in back ChanneHng Glass Escalator 0 De nition when men are pressured to move out of the most female identi ed areas and into positions viewed as more legitimate and prestigious 0 Glass barriers effort of minority status on if people access the privilege of the glass escalator The State and Inequality The State maintains inequality because it acts in the interest of the dominant group Reinforcing policies which favor them and preserve their power The State39s power is a quotstate of exceptionquot 0 Legality 0 Enforcement 0 Punishment Can break their own laws exception Ex Death penalty The State and Minorities Women are invisible 0 Reproductive health 0 Positions of power mostly men so women are not involved in the decision making Nonwhites need to be controlled 0 Selective prosecution the different treatment of criminal offenders based on race 0 Surveillance quotStop and Friskquot The poor are a resource 0 Taxation o Welfare Fair Flat Tax 10 of 15080 1500 0 13580 10 of 80000 8000 0 72000 Media as an Institution The importance of media Control of media everything is mediated Media representation everything is a copy of a copy of a copy quotThe medium is the messagequot Media techniques and technologies transmitting information from producers to receivers Media framing the process by which information and entertainment are put together as media in order to convey a particular message to their audience Media Legislation Communications Act of 1994 created FCC Federal Communications Commission Fairness Doctrine 1949 required public broadcasters to spend time presenting controversial issues and to report contrasting views repealed by FCC 1987 repeal led to one sided radio stations where people could not defend themselves from verbal attacks Telecommunications act of 1996 allowed for media crossownership rst to include internet could own radio and newspaper or etc Net Neutrality 2014 treating the internet as a public utility people paying more leads to those people having more and faster access Media Oligarchy Time Warner CNN The Walt Disney Corporation ABC News Corp Fox CBS Corporation Viacom Comcast NBC iHeartMedia radio Bertelsmann Print Recent Media Laws Don39t need to know Just real world knowledge TransPaci c Partnership TPP Stop Online Privacy Act SOPA Preventing Real Online Treat to Economic Creativity and Theft of lntellectually Property PIPA Cyber Intelligence Sharing and Protection Act CISPA o For RIAA MPAA CBS NBC 0 Against Google Facebook Mozilla Reporters Without Borders Wikipedia Craigslist Metaphors Matter Panic myth the assumption that the public will panic in the event of a disaster 0 People actually don39t panic and do their best to rebuild Communities want to come together Mass lootings and shootings don39t take place Civil disorders riots vs Disasters comparison of people responses 0 Riots do not have Red Cross sent in Military is sent in instead o If food water etc is not brought in looting will happen because people are needy People often stay in disaster zones and then become victims Militarism an ideology that places ultimate faith in the ability of the military and armed forces to solve problems in both international and domestic spheres Media Inequality 0 Digital divide unequal access to information and communication technology in uenced by a person39s socioeconomic stats age gender race ethnicity ability status and education


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