Study Guide ERTH 101 Chapters 8, 9, 10
Study Guide ERTH 101 Chapters 8, 9, 10 ERTH 101IN-001
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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Megan Robinson on Thursday October 15, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to ERTH 101IN-001 at Montana State University - Bozeman taught by in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 111 views. For similar materials see The Earth System (lecture) in Earth Sciences at Montana State University - Bozeman.
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Date Created: 10/15/15
Study Guide ERTH 101 Chapters 8 9 10 Chapter 8 Questions 1 Describe the main pathways and reservoirs in the hydrologic cycle 2 What is the difference between alluvium sediment and regolith 3 How are oods predicted and what are some of the ways in which people have tried to prevent oods 4 How do a stream s channel dimensions and velocity adjust to changes in discharge 5 What is dissolution What role does it play in the formation of caves and sinkholes 6 What is interbasin transfer and what are some of the problems associated with it 7 What is the difference between a lake and a wetlands 0 How do lakes form and how do they disappear 8 What is the difference between porosity and permeability 9 In what ways does the ow of groundwater differ from the ow of water in stream channels Important Info overland ow 0 Gets concentrated in Consists of and Streams with no base ow are Streams with base ow are The Water cycle is powered by the Sun Streams are part of a complex natural system that includes 0 l change in elevation for a horizontal distance Sand grains can roll and bounce along Fine particles can be carried in oating in water network of interweaving channels gently curved very curved high sinuosity the percentage of the total volume of rock that consists of open pore spaces a measure of how easily a solid allows uids to pass through it Body of rock or regolith sufficiently porous and permeable to Chapter 9 store and conduct significant quantities of groundwater Questions 1 8091 Chapter 10 How are glaciers related to the snowline What characteristics distinguish temperate glaciers from polar glaciers Describe the steps in the conversion of snow to glacir ice How do glaciers move How does ice form What is a glacial period What is permafrost Important Info part of Earth s surface that remains perennially frozen 0 10 of Earth s land surface 0 20 of Earth s land When snow and ice become so thick that gravity causes the frozen mass to move 0 occupies bowlshaped depression 0 extends downvalley from a cirque 0 cover mountain highlands or low lying land at high latitudes ow radially out glacier in a marine coastal valley spreads out from a valley glacier onto a lowland glaciers expand and new ones form ice sheets retreat sea level rises Questions 1 2 3 U Describe three different types of coastal landforms What two interacting forces cause Ekman spirals In terms of plate tectonics explain Why the Pacific Ocean is the largest of Earth s three major ocean basins What factors cause ocean water to be vertically stratified What processes cause the emergence or submergence of coastlines How do coral reefs form and evolve and Why are they areas of such enormous biologic productivity and diversity Important Info separates ocean layers of different salinity Abrupt change of density With depth Abrupt change of temperature With depth Intertidal zune Uneanic IUI IE Neritic InnE Phutic Ji llmij I I I I L jl HHHWH 7397 Q Jl H quotdAbySEEI 39 zone npyrighi Pearson Edumtlnn n publlshlng a Benjamln umminga Deep ocean circulation driven by temperature and density differences in water seismic sea wave Coastal Deposits 0 wave crashed sediment along a coast 0 elongate ridges of sand or gravel that project from land and end in open water 0 Long narrow sandy islands lying parallel to a coast
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