Midterm One Study Guide
Midterm One Study Guide PS 348
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This 6 page Study Guide was uploaded by Maddie Evans on Friday October 16, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to PS 348 at University of Oregon taught by Professor Yamin in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 239 views. For similar materials see Women in Politics in Political Science at University of Oregon.
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Date Created: 10/16/15
Women in Politics Midterm Study Guide I will not be posting answers to the readings or essay questions as they need to be individualized notes from Class discussions and the movies are posted below Readings Abigail Adams and John Adams Remember the Ladies John Stuart Mill The Subjection of Women Mary Wollstonecraft A Vindication of the Rights of Woman William Blackstone Commentaries on the Laws of England Catharine Beecher An Essay on Slavery and Abolitionism Maria Stewart Religion and the Pure Principles of Morality Angelina Grimke Appeal to the Christian Women of the South Sarah Grimke Letter on the Equality of the Sexes and the Condition of Women Elizabeth Cady Stanton Seneca Falls Declaration of Sentiments and Resolutions Sojourner Truth Ain t I a Woman Ida B Wells A Red Record Lynchings in the United States Frederick Douglass The Woman s Cause US Constitution 19 Amendment Emma Goldman The Traffic in Women Mollie Schepps Senators vs Working Women SECTION 1 Emerging Conceptions of Women s Rights Paradox of Equality a Legal equality a Women and men are to be treated the same b There are no genders in citizens only people b Fairness doctrine a Differences from men especially in healthcare b Policies should account for differences Women in Political Science a Began in 1960 s b Subfield of women and political sciences has grown at a rapid pace c As of 2010 women only make 80 to the male 1 Eras of Change a Enlightenment Feminists a Suffragists Women are to be treated just like men b Adams Wollstonecraft Mill b Domestic Reformers a AntiSuffrage Women are empowered by their differences to men 1 b Catharine Beecher c Moral Crusaders Call for God and what is right in His eyes a Stanton Susan B Anthony Grimke Sisters Stewart 2 in uences de ning women s rights Enlightenment a How did these ideas challenge notions of inequality and shape solutions a The enlightenment sought to reform the society and advance knowledge and mobilize the power of reason b Had ideas of Liberalism rationality reason virtue 0 United States was to be seen as a nation not a monarchy 1 Rights to the individual b Raised questions about what is the role of women Are women lesser beings than men Do women possess capacity for reason and independence a Notion that women have the capacity for reason b Supporting vote and education c Enlightenment a movement of intellectuals in the 18th century Europe that sought to reform society and advance knowledge becoming less God reliant and often called the Age of Reason Religion a How did these ideas challenge notions of inequality and shape solution a Inequality went against the religious doctrine b Raised questions about morality Gods law v mans law a Inequality went against God s Law Man s law is to be obeyed just as well as God s Law Women s Status 18th century a Marriage and Blackstone a Common law marriage defined privileges and duties of husband and wife a Running the public and private spheres separately i Men run the businesspolitical sphere ii Women run the private sphere iii Women are to have no political rights iv No property or education rights b Coverture Blackstone s idea that prior to marriage a woman can freely execute what she chooses but gives up any power land or money when entering a marriage Must have husband s consent considered a part of the husband once married 0 Feme Covered Covered womanwife Enlightenment suffragists a Focus on women s capacity for reason b Science c Voting and education Abigail Adams Letters 1776 a Remember the Ladies why is this important a Men to be compared to the Tyrants of England b Women want the freedom that men wanted from the English c Women won t obey laws if they aren t represented by laws d Comparison of taxation without representation b John Adams different responses to Adams and Sullivan a Qualification of the female voters compared to male voters b Consent majority minority no rights without consent Mary Wollstonecraft A Vindication of the Rights of Women1792 a Importance of Education a Women can be rational and virtuous b Masculinity a Masculine virtues c Power of beauty a Ability to entrap men with beauty 19th century First Wave Feminism a Shift from agrarian mode of living to industrial capitalism a New cities and in ation b Cult of Domesticity b Gender ideology in social system c Piety purity submissive domesticity c Women b African American women were enslaved mostly in the South c Workingclass white women d Some white women working in upperclass homes e Irish immigrant women John Stuart Mills The Subjugation of Women1869 a Theory v Experience a Give women the equality opportunity and see what they can accomplish b What men want a Willing slaves vs forced difference b Comparing housewives to slaves rather than equal individuals In uences for women s rights in the US a Suffragism prior to Civil War two sources a Their own growing awareness of their common conditions and grievances 3 a Tensions across races b The Antislavery movement also called abolition movement b Antislavery movement followed suffrage movement but gained rights first c Changed from religious to secular movement d Sin to institutional oppression Domestic Reformers a Catherine Beecher a On Duty of American Women 1837 b Elevate women s status in home 6 Having all power in private sphere d Antisu rage why a Women will get better recognition as wives and homemakers b Beecher wanted homemaking to appear as empowering and respected Moral Crusaders a American born activist middleclass rural b Having great religious in uence c Learned politics through the abolitionist movement d Morally motivated e Compare to Enlightenment feminists and domestic reformers f On the fence between fairness and sameness Maria Miller Stewart a African American woman middle class b Religion and Pure Principles of Morality the Sure Foundation on Which We Must Build 1831 c Focus on racial pride unity and selfimprovement d Questions the meaning of race and inequality how a Calls on everyone to develop racial and gender pride b Though Black your skins as shades of night our hearts are pure your souls are white e Was the first woman to address a mixed race hall on abolition Grimke Sisters a Southern white women b Angelina Appeal to the Christian Women of the South 1836 a Four things women can do b God s law reigns supreme c Women should work against slavery c Sarah Letters on Equality of the Sexes and the Conditions of Women 1837 a First document to link slavery to unequal treatment of women b Women s dependence is unchristian 4 c Ways women are seen as inferior false education of women d Slavery shouldn t exist in a Christian nation Seneca Fall Convention 1848 a Elizabeth Cady Stanton a Stanton and Anthony a great partnership Stanton the voice and Anthony the powerhouse b Combination of modesty and militancy c Based on Declaration of Independence ideas d List of grievances Women s rights and abolitionism a Roots of women s movement and relationship to race b Links between fights against white supremacy and male supremacy emerged together and shaped each other Harriet Tubman a Rescued over 300 slaves through the Underground Railroad b Returned to the South at least 19 times after escaping Frederick Douglass Speeches 1848 b Rights is of no Sex Truth is of no Color c Avid supporter of women s rights but black men should get vote first Sojourner Truth Ain t I a Woman 1851 a Experience as slave and notion of womanhood b Race and gender critique PostCivil War Reconstruction era 18651870 a Civil War 18611865 ends with slave emancipation b During war struggle for women s right recedes c 14th Amendment right of black men versus universal vote drove wedge between women s rights activists and abolitionists and within women s movement Formal Equality in early 20th Century a Struggle for women s right to vote 18481920 b Progressive Era 18801920 transformation in society polity and economy Iron J awed Angels video a Alice Paul a Quaker and UPenn grad that previously worked in London b Had parade on day that Wilson was inaugurated so guaranteed a big crowd c A vote is a fire escape 146 people burned d Police were negligent to women s parade 5 e Wilson considered women s rights a special project f NAWSA wouldn t support NWP g US declaring war in midst of suffrage h Paul arrested charged with obstructing traffic i Give me liberty or give me death Paul would rather starve herself Debates about the vote Ida B Wells A Red Record 1892 a Role of lynching 3 excuses for Southern barbarism b c False chivalry of white men d Rift with Frances Willard of the WCTU Emma Goldman The Traffic in Women 1917 a Critiques of the ballot for women Mollie Schepps Sentators vs Working Women 1912 a Women s rights and workers rights Essa uestions 1 We have examined three approaches to women s rights Enlightenment Feminists the Domestic Reformers and the Moral Crusaders Compare and contrast these views by discussing the different in uences between each view how each describes gender differences why it is wrong and how to change it Include in your answer the paradox of equality Be sure to discuss at least four readings from class to illustrate your points 2 We have discussed the intersections between the women s movement and the struggle for equal rights and race In what ways did early women s right activists learn from the abolitionist movement What were some of the tensions that developed between the two movements after the Civil War How did those tensions persist into the 1890s In your answer draw from lectures and use at least three readings assigned to class 3 We have examined the long road towards women gaining the right to vote in the United States Using the readings from Ida B Wells Emma Goldman and Mollie Schepp explain why the vote is important and why some activists were critical of the vote and why
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