Study Guide for Midterm 1
Study Guide for Midterm 1 SOC 204
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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Delaney Rea on Friday October 16, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to SOC 204 at University of Oregon taught by Dreiling M in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 514 views. For similar materials see Intro Sociology >2 >IP in Sociology at University of Oregon.
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Date Created: 10/16/15
Sociology 204 Midterm 1 Study Guide Chapter 1 The Sociological Imagination Sociological Imagination the ability to connect basic aspects of life to impersonal forces Social Institution complex group of interdependent positions which perfom a social role and reproduce over time August Comte inventor of social physics sociology Harriet Martineau rst to translate Comte to English Emile Durkheim founder of sociological discipline Karl Marx proceeded Communism through Marxism a sociological discipline Max Weber German founder of Verstehen interpretive concept of understanding anomie sense of aimlessness or despair that come from a lack of predictability in life positivist sociology the social world can be described by certain social relationships WEB Du Bois rst AfricanAmerican sociologist founder of Double Consciousness theory Double Consciousness the presence of dual behavioral scripts functionalism theory that various social institutions of society serve an important purpose con ict theory con icting forces serve to advance society and advance its change midrange theory attempt tp predict functions of social institutions Chapter 2 Methods research methods approaches scientists use to answer their questions quantitative methods seek to obtain numerically measurable data qualitative methods seek to obtain data that isn t just converted to numerals deductive approach structured process to modify a theory inductive approach approach using empirical observations to form a theory causality notion that change in one factor causes a change in another reverse causality A is thought to cause B but B causes A dependent variable outcome being explained interdependent variable variable that has a causal relationship with the dependent re exivity considering one s own role in the research feminist methodology set of systems that treat women s experiences as legit forms of information Chapter 3 Culture and Media ethnocentrism belief that one s own culture is superior to others nonmaterial culture values beliefs etc material culture everything constructed in culture including technology ideology system of relationships and concepts understanding cause and effect cultural relativism taking into account other cultures without judgment socialization process where people internalize values norms etc within their society re ection theory theory that culture is a re ection of structures in the public sphere hegemony a dominant group uses its power to elicit consent from the public mass consumerism steady purchase of material possessions culture jamming act of turning media against itself Chapter 4 Socialization and the Construction of Reality self individual identity of a person as seen by that person l one s own self of agency and identity me the self perceived as an object by quotl generalized other the sense of the total expectations of others in all settings resocialization process in which a person s values and beliefs are reengineered often on purpose total institution the institution in which one is totally immersed in daily life role strain incompatibility of multiple roles within a single status ascribed status the status one is born into achieved status voluntary status one enters into master status the status within a set of status that stands above the rest symbolic interactionalism micro theroy that shared meanings and assumptions form basic motivations dramaturgical theory view of human life as a performance where roles are lled and acted out Chapter 5 Groups and Networks dyad a group of 2 triad group of 3 mediator member of a triad who tries to resolve the con ict between the other 2 primary group social groups ie family and friends who have intimate interactions that in uence the ideals of those involved secondary groups groups with impersonal relationships ingroup the majority most powerful group outgroup the minority less powerful group reference group group that helps us understand our place in society relative to other groups social network a set of what is essentially dyads held together by ties between people embeddedness degree to which ties are reinforced by indirect paths of the social networks social capital the info and connections people use to gain power isomorphism process that forces one unit of a population to resemble its peers