Music: test 2 study guide
Music: test 2 study guide MUNM 1113 003
Collin County Community College District
Popular in The Understanding of Music
verified elite notetaker
Popular in Music
This 7 page Study Guide was uploaded by elzbietaag on Friday October 16, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to MUNM 1113 003 at University of Oklahoma taught by Dr. Armand Ambrosini in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 151 views. For similar materials see The Understanding of Music in Music at University of Oklahoma.
Reviews for Music: test 2 study guide
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 10/16/15
The Baroque Period 16001750 the diversity of music created ranges far and wide in terms of style as Europe was disunited as never before The formation of nation states monarchs created to have everyone together Wars of religion countries fought catholic vs other religions The birth of capitalism conquest of the rest of the world imperialism The doctrine of affections any confusing emotional messages gave way to the education of a single unaltered emotional affect emotional balance gave way to emotional extravagance Each movement could inspire in listeners a single affect Florentine Camareta a fellowship of intellectuals and artists who sought the revival of the ancient Greek practice of singing their tragic dramas Opera this word is the plural of the Latin word opus meaning work as in a work of art Opera contains a string of many small movements set side by side which taken together tell a complete story Claudio Montverdi orfeo ne act opera with prologue CD1 15 is comprised of a series of melodies and madrigals but with dance numbers instrumental interludes arias and choruses Basso Cantinno Group accompanies a monody low woodwind instruments Improvised ornaments trillo when the same note is sung over and over in rapid succession and passage quick scale runs up and down notes Trillo when a singer stays on one note Monody movement for solo singer who singing by a greek tragedy accompanied Movement large selfcontained section within a larger work 2 Barbara Strzzi 16191665 Lagrine Mie CD1 16 The Vocal Cantata a sizable work for small orchestra chorus and vocal soloists As they were no longer staged after 1685 the dramatic role of the singer is ant implied Some vocal cantatas were intended for religious settings while others were purely secular and intended for performance in a private setting Recitative speechlike singing used to convey conversational diologue Aria a tuneful section in which the singer of recitative and the lyric style called aria Ariosa a cross between the declamatory style of recitative and the lyric style called aria Castrato castrati plural a male singer who has been castrated before puberty has the virtue of a boys high register coupled to a full grown mans vocal power Sacred Vocal Music of the Baroque has considerable diversity in both style and form Nonetheless two traditional facts that are speci c to most all Baroque sacred music genres including the mass sacred vocal cantata and oratoria are 1 all use choral music 2 a strong tendency to borrow operatic technique especially rectatives and arias Oratorio from the word oratory a largescale composition for chorus vocal soloists and orchestra usually set to a narrative text based on biblical stories not intended for religious services It differs from opera in that it has no acting scenary or constumes George Fredric Hondel or Georg Fredrich 16851759 3 Messiah There were shepherds CD2 4 and Halleluia chorus CD2 5 Antonio Vivaldi 16781741 La Primavera from the Four Seasons frist movement CD2 1 Concerto for Violin and String Orchestra opus 8 n1 from the fourseasons1725 From a set of four solo concertos for violin and string orchestra each depicts sounds and events associated with one of the seasons quotMusical Tone Paintingquot is used The quotConcertoquot and quotRitornelloquot form quotConcertoquot comes from the Latin word meaning quotto extendquot o soloists vs large groups called tutti everyone 0 contrast between loud and soft terraced dynamicsquot 0 the format of three movements for many concertos is 1 Fast 2 Slow 3 Fast Ritornello Form 1 Name for orchestral material that typically starts the movement 2 Ritornello means little returnquot the opening material usually returns in fragments little and in different keys until the end The Rise of Instrumental Music Broadly speaking we can trace instrumental music to three main sources Dance suites Virtuosity virtuoso players Vocal Music points of imitation Johann Sebastian Bach 16851750 Brandenburg Concerto number 2 CD2 6 He synthesized stylistic traits from Italian French and German music all the while helping to codify the system we call tonality Concerto Grosso large concerto divides the ensembles between two or more soloists and the usual basso continua group plus a small string orchestra this particular grosso requires a solo oboe recorder piccolo trumpet and violin Ritornello Form Fortspining forward spinning just as one instruments melodic phrase is coming to an end another instrument enters with a fresh melodic idea the idea is that the melody seems almost endless This idea of binding a piece together through a seamless melody distinguishes Bach s style form that of his counterparts Bach Family Johann Christoph Wilheim Friekmann Carl Phillip Emanuel Johann Christoph Johann Christian Jahann Sebastian Bach the art of the Fugue Contrapunctus 3 CD2 8 Fugue a polyphonic composition for an established number of voices built on a single principle theme called the subject which is relatively brief but distinctively bold Countersubject a distinctive polyphonic line that recurrently accompanies the subject in another voice Exposition the opening section of the fugue in which all the voices introduce the subject in an orderly manner Episode short passages of diversionary material that alternate with new subject entries The Classical Period the gallant style or The Age of Enlightenmentquot or quotThe age of reasonquot 17501825 The project of the enlightenment in the west is con gured around the questioning of powerful institutions such as the churchmonarchy on national grounds Philosophers such as JeanJacques Rousseau 17121758 saw man as possessing natural rights as expressed in the American Declaration of Independence which ew in the face of monarchial systems built on the idea of divine privilege the impact on composers was enormous up to this point composers worked for the church or state Philosophy of this period truth can only be realized by a process of redson argued that the universe is exible always mistrust your emotion American Revolution colonists in American escaped the Rule of King George 3 of England French Revolutions In Paris the intellectuals shattered the once unquestioned power of the French monarchy Napoleonic Wars Rousseau s philosophical grounds for a simple style of music 0 music should be natural 0 embrace dictates of nature 0 it should sound well when sung music is the product of genius but genius only triumps when it submit to the name of taste which existed as the common property of all persons of wisdom and breeding Christoph Willibald Gluck 17141787 Ofreo De Euridice CD2 10 Gallant person wantslives to serve others Philosophy of time period 0 music should be a universal language 0 music should be noble and entertaining music should be needless of technical complications Baroque Classical Mood Emotionone Variety of emotions Rhythm Hold the rhythm throughout the movement same Changes rhythm throughout Texture polyphonic Homophonic Melody Bold and distinct Even tuneful memorable Dynamics Step quotleftquot right Subtle exible Vienna one of the music centers of Europe during the classical period Hayden Mozart and Beetoven were all active there Patronage vs freelance system Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 17561791 Piano Concerto to Number 17 in G third movement CD2 12 this movement is in theme and variations form with coda this is in measures Vocabulary Monody dramatic vocal music for solo voice with instrumental accomplishments Libretto the text of a dramatic work such as an opera including both spoken and sung parts Chitarrone a string instrument similar to the lute but with several additional bass strings Vocal cantata a sizable work for small orchestra chorus and vocal soloists either sacred or secular Recitative speechlike singing Aria a vocal number sung solo or as a duet with orchestra in a work such as an opera oratorio or cantata Arioso a cross between the declamatory style of recitative and the lyric style called aria Trillo when the same note is sung over and over in rapid succession a Baroque style ornament Castrato a male singer who was castrated before puberty in order to maintain a soprano or alto voice it had the virtue of a boy s high register coupled to a full grown man s vocal power Ritornello form a Baroque form that utilizes the recurrences of a ritornello theme Tragedielyrique meaning lyric tragedyquot a French term used to distance their operas from their ltalian counterparts they emphasized recitatives and featured visual spectacle and ballet Divertissements diversions within a larger work that allowed for spectacular effects Petit air means little songquot a tuneful style of singing that was used in tragedielyric for moments of diminished emotional importance Da capo directs performers to go to the beginning of a piece and repeat up to a later point indicated Oratorio a largescale composition for soloists chorus and orchestra that tells a story much like opera but unlike opera these stories are usually religious and meant to be performed without costumes or stage movement Flourentine Comerata created opera Opera a dramatic work of art presented in music thought of initially as a string of musical works performed one right after another which taken together tell a complete story Movement term used for a large selfcontained section within a large work such as a symphony Concerto to contendquot it is an instrumental work for soloist and orchestra formerly also for a small group of solo instruments and orchestra which essentially compete on equal terms Program music instrumental music associated with an extra musical idea or story Concerto grosso means large concertoquot it is an instrumental work that requires many solo instrumentalists rather than just one and orchestra Fortspinnung means forward spinningquot a motive technique that makes the melody of a work seem almost endless just as one instrument s melodic phrase is coming to an end another instrument enters with a fresh melodic idea Fugue a polyphonic composition for an established number of voices built on a single principal theme called the subject since all parts are based on the same material Exposition the rst section of a fugue or a sonataform movement Episode diversionary music in a fugue that often appears to wander since all the melodic lines start to move freely and the tonality constantly modulates Theme and variations form a form that consists of a theme followed by a series of variations on it Coda means quottailquot a musical section placed at the end of a piece or movement that doesn t represent part of a described such as Theme and Variations Form
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'