Final Review for Shakespeare: Selected Plays
Final Review for Shakespeare: Selected Plays E 321 Shakespeare: Selected Plays
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This 6 page Study Guide was uploaded by Amanda Markert on Monday January 5, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to E 321 Shakespeare: Selected Plays at University of Texas at Austin taught by in Spring2013. Since its upload, it has received 326 views.
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Date Created: 01/05/15
English Review Sheet Final Test 1 Renaissance London Things listed beow 2 The Thames Flows through the city of London separating the South Bank suburbs Globe Theatre Southwerk from the North Bank city Tower St Pauls Church Westminster 3 The South Bank The poorer quotdowntown version of London suburbs where Globe Theatre is located Shakespeare travelled from here to North Bank often 4 The Globe Shakespeare39s Theatre implements a thrust stage which allows audience interaction light sun open to the sky if it rains it rains 5 The Bear Garden People came to watch quotbear baiting killing of bears for entertainment in South Bank obviously near the Globe Theatre 6 London Tower Bridge Connected North Bank and South Bank across the Thames Shakespeare travelled along it heads of traitors Catholics Shakespeare39s father put on pikes across it 7 The Tower Crown jewels kept here as well as prisoners people were killed beheaded here 8 Pop 250000 Population of London through the Renaissance very large in comparison to others 9 Infant Mortality High in Elizabethan times Shakespeare39s birth is miraculous considering he had a pretty deadly disease 10 Draw and Quarter Terrible horrifying way to die used upon traitors in the Middle Ages 11 Roman Catholic vs Protestant Catholics believe in Purgatory Protestants don39t during Henry 839s reign Elizabeth39s reign Catholics were burned at the stake as traitors unless they converted to Protestantism during Mary39s reign Protestants were burned at the stake unless they converted During Shakespeare39s time very dif cultbad to be a Catholic as Shakespeare39s father was 12 Four elements Earth Air Fire Water Fire hot Air dry Water wet Earth cold quotsubunary realmquot quotdirtquot humans increasing importance power etc 13 Four humors Black bile Yellow bile Phlegm Blood Black Bile Melancholy Earth Yellow Bile Choler Fire Phlegm Phlegmatic Water Blood Sanguine Air 14 Heliocentric vs Geocentric Cosmos Heliocentric planets revolve around the Sun geocentric planetsSunetc revolve around the Earth 15 Copernicus to Galileo to Newton Copernicus created the Heliocentric Theory which opposed Ptoemy s Geocentric Theory Galileo seconded the theory and was placed under house arrest and then made to denounce it before the Church with Newton the belief nally became fact and acceptable 16 Music of the spheres Spheres of increasing in uence made of metal rub against each other and make music we can39t hear it gt 39 fall of Man also has to do with astrological determinism in a way quotin uenzaquot 17 Microcosm Macrocosm Microcosm quotsubunary realm world below the moon understandable implicit correlation with larger macrocosm Macrocosm quotgreat universequot great periods of movement stars time seasons 18 Analogysympathy Stars have in uence on world in uence on events quotin uenza quotstarcrossed oversquot magic occult forces hidden connections 19 Astrological determinism Similar to analogysympathy predeterminism Calvinist theory what39s to come has already been decided in the starsastrologically spheres of in uence spheres below receive in uence from spheres above all spheres have an in uence on character astrology 20 Geoffrey Chaucer and Edmund Spenser Chaucer First practitioner of quotModernquot recognizable English Middle English Spenser English coincidental with Shakespearean English great narrative follower of Chaucer Shakespeare Great dramatic English playwright 21 Prose versus Poetry Prose nonverse without metrical structure Poetry verse the art of rhythmical composition 22 Allegory Story poem or picture that can be interpreted to reveal a hidden meaning typically moral or po calone 23 Rhyme Scheme Shakespeare ababcdcdefefgg 24 Alliteration Occurrence of same letter or sound at the beginning of adjacent or closely connected words 25 Heroic couplet vs Blank verse Heroic couplet is two rhyming lines blank verse is unrhymed lines 26 lambic pentameter Ten syllable line with alternated stresses 27 Feminine Line Extra syllable at the end of the line 28 Enjambment Sentence continues onto the next line with no comma semicolon or period at the end of the line 29 Blank verse Nonrhymed verse 30 Trochee Foot consisting of one long or stressed syllable followed by one short or unstressed syllable 31Conceh Elaborate or unusual comparison involving metaphors similes hyperbole contradictions 32 Tenor and vehicle Components of a metaphor Tenor Concept object person meant Vehicle Image that carries the weight of the comparison 33 Shakespeare39s birth and death years Apn23 36 Chronological order of the plays we39ve read performed quotHenry IV 159798 quotHamletquot 160001 quotOtheo 160405 quotThe Winter39s Tale 39 161011 37 Hendiadys Emphasize meaning quotone through twoquot joining two nouns together with conjunction and 38 Chiasmus Author introduces words or concepts in particular order and then later repeats them in reverse order 39 Quatrain Stanza or poem consisting of four lines of verse rst three parts of Shakespearean sonnet 40 Couplet Two lines of verse usually in same meter and rhyme 41 Octave First part of Petrarchan sonnet composed of two envelope quatrains turn occurs at the end 42 Sestet Remaining six lines of Petrarchan sonnet where turning point occurs 43 Folio Expensive published copy of a book four pages per paper 44 Quarto Less expensive published book eight pages per paper 45 Metadrama Subject of the play is dramatic art itself calls attention to the fact that the audience is watching a staged performance 46 Scenic juxtaposition Henry IV Court scene with talk of rebellion dividing up the kingdom gt tavern scene with Henry and Falstaff talking of dividing up the loot from robbery commentary implicit because of juxtaposition you must gure it out not explicit 47 Consecutive Reigns of Kings Queens Henry 7 1485 1509 Henry 8 1509 1547 Edward 6 1547 1553 Mary 1 1553 1558 Elizabeth 1 1558 1603 Spanish Armada 1558 james 1 1603 1625 48 Robert Greene and Shakespeare Relationship Robert Greene wrote the book that Shakespeare used as a source novel for quotThe Winter39s Tale3939 Robert Greene wrote an essay on how Shakespeare is merely copying other people39s work and not actually writing his own It39s interesting then how one of Shakespeare39s last plays is almost completely similar to the work by Robert Greene except for one small plot detail Leontes not believing the truth until his son dies as opposed to when Apollo decrees it Robert Greene39s essay appears to have been of some concern to Shakespeare throughout his writing career Perhaps this tale is meant to comment on that 49 Main details characters themes etc of quotThe Winter39s Tale3939 main focus Pygmalion is of GreekRoman myth He creates a statue of the perfect girl for him AphroditeNenus brings her to life for him This is similar to Hermione coming to life from a statue in quotThe Winter39s Tale3939 Main characters Leontes king Hermione queen Mamillius Perdita Paulina Antigonus Camillo Emilia Polixenes king Florizel Autolycus Plot points details Leontes mistakenly believes that his wife Hermione is sleeping with his brother Polixenes He becomes extremely jealous and puts Hermione on trial Polixenes leaves for his own safety Apollo39s oracle is called upon to tell the truth of the situation but though the oracle reads that Hermione is innocent of the crime it39s only when Mamillius their son suddenly dies that Leontes snaps out of it Hermione then quotdiesquot Hermione s child Perdita whom she gave birth to in prison was sent previously with Antigonus to be abandoned somewhere by Leontes Perdita survives among the farm folk The play cuts to 19 years later Perdita and Florizel the son of Polixenes Leontes brother are in love And Perdita is eventually reunited with her father whom she39s never known Hermione is then found to not have been dead at all but a quotstatue for all that time Probably mostly as a punishment to Leontes for what he did to her 50 quotHenry IV3939 Main Characters King Henry IV Prince Hal Prince of Wales Prince John of Lancaster Falstaff Poins Hotspur Harry Percy Lady Percy Sir Walter Blunt Lord Mortimer Lady Mortimer Owen Glendower Plot Points Details Harry Percy Mortimer Glendower and company decide to take back the kingdom from King Henry IV Harry Percy refuses to give his captives over to Henry IV Hal lives a life of pleasures with Falstaff which he does to lower the expectations of the people with respect to him and then come forth as a great prince and warrior to surprise them all and win their affections He learns a lot from Falstaff the ways of his people how to speak with his father worldly life lessons Henry IV isn39t too happy with having Hal as a son until Hal comes out and shows who he truly is At rst Henry IV would rather have Hotspur as a son Hotspur vs Hal Hotspur is more the warrior type less likely to be emotional or caring towards people though perhaps Shakespeare doesn39t make him all that uncaring as Hotspur is given a wife in this story Hotspur seems to be the better prince at rst Yet Harry has more of a way with words and he39s more cunning and almost ruthless at least in the way he seems to treat Falstaff Harry is more of the person the people could look up to as their leader than Hotspur IS Hal and Falstaff Falstaff is a teacher and pretty much a father gure for Hal since Henry IV isn39t too proud of Hal at rst and probably doesn39t pay him too much attention But for Hal Falstaff is pretty dispensable Hal uses Falstaff for everything he39s good for and then once he becomes a real Prince he decides to toss Falstaff aside as though he was nothing Hal is very pragmatic when it comes to his relationship with Falstaff and even life in general Falstaff is the opposite of Hal for the most part and de nitely the opposite of Hotspur He likes to have fun and that is what he spends his life doing He doesn39t like to work but he takes credit for work other people has done He39ll do anything that makes his life easier He39s a coward and he really depends upon Hal a lot more than Hal depends upon him Falstaff falls for a trick of Hal39s when Hal decides to pretend to be a thief and steal the money from Falstaff that Falstaff had stolen Falstaff then claims that many more men than just Hal and Poins had stolen the money from them and Hal has a big laugh before becoming somewhat disgusted with all of Fastaff s lies Misconception Are Fastaff s lies just him trying to be funny and give a good show or was he really just trying to give more glory to himself in Hal39s eyes 51 quotHamletquot Main characters Hamlet Previous King Prince Hamlet Claudius Gertrude Ophelia Polonius Laertes Horatio Fortinbras Plot points Details Hamlet is pretty much an indecisive character He doesn39t want to take any risks with his life This is seen when he refuses to get together with Ophelia and when he doesn39t decide to take revenge upon Claudius for killing his father Claudius kills the king marries the queen Gertrude He is something of a coward though because he uses poison snake bite to kill him instead of actually dueling him like a real man should in Shakespeare39s time King Hamlet comes back as a ghost and talks to Prince Hamlet telling him of the murder Prince Hamlet is uncertain whether he should take revenge though and spends the rest of the play both trying to gure out if the ghost was right and whether or not he should take revenge At the end of the play Claudius is found out He is stabbed by Hamlet with a poisoned blade Hamlet mind you didn39t initiate this ght and then he is made to drink of a poisoned goblet which Gertrude has mistakenly already drunk from Gertrude and Claudius die and then Hamlet dies because he too drank from the cup or was stabbed uncertain Ophelia dies previous to this suicide because Hamlet kills her father by accident thinking him an enemy The ght between Hamlet and Claudius was initiated mostly because Hamlet and Laertes were ghting because Laertes was taking revenge for his father Had Hamlet been more decisive and more of a risktaker He would have gotten together with Ophelia wouldn39t have killed her father Polonius she would therefore not be dead Claudius would be dead but Gertrude would probably still be alive depending on the way Hamlet chose to enact revenge 52 quotOthelloquot Main characters Othello Desdemona Brabantio Cassio Iago Roderigo Emilia Bianca Plot points details Othello marries Desdemona without the consent of her father Brabantio Iago is the villain of this tale He is very cunning and smart It39s really only because of all the death that happens at the end that he is found out People previously believed him quothonestquot and never would have thought him the villain he played his part so well Iago makes Othello believe that his wife of one day Desdemona is cheating on him with Cassio Othello isn39t convinced at rst but is given quotevidencequot put there by Iago and nally believes He then kills Desdemona for her treachery and then nds out the truth Then he kills himself Iago escapes Other things to add in 53 Petrarchan Sonnet Two parts 8 set up issue and 6 turning point rhyme scheme abbaabbacdcdcd
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