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UO / Journalism Core / JOUR 201 / What did the New York Sun favor?

What did the New York Sun favor?

What did the New York Sun favor?


School: University of Oregon
Department: Journalism Core
Course: Media and Society >2
Professor: Workneh t
Term: Fall 2015
Cost: 50
Name: Midterm Exam #1
Description: This study guide is complete with 63 question and answers that you should know and also a list of terms you should be familiar with. This study guide is a compilation of information from both lecture and the book.
Uploaded: 10/17/2015
5 Pages 7 Views 17 Unlocks

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Terms to know:

What did the New York Sun favor?

Maglogs Supermarket Tabloid Pass-along readership Newshole Joint Operation Agreement Conflict-oriented journalism Payola Citizen Journalism Consensus-oriented Journalism Copyright Royalty Mass Communication Mass Media Media Literacy Conflict-Oriented Journalism Print Era Oral and Written Era Novelty

High Culture Low or Popular Culture The Entrepreneurial Stage Modern Era Postmodern Period The Mass Media Stage Synergy Objective Journalism Consensus-Oriented Journalism Postmodernity

1. What caused exploration into new types of journalism such as literacy  journalism?

2. What did the New York Sun favor?

3. What did the introduction of offset lithography do?

4. What did linotype do for printers?

5. What are Dime Novels or Pulp Fiction?

6. What are the stages behind media literacy?

7. Media Literacy Approach: _____________ (Authors, producers, organizations)  transmit ____________ (programs, texts, images, sounds, ads) through a  ______________(newspapers, books, magazines, radio, television, internet) to a  large group of _______________ (readers, viewers, consumers). ______________  (News editors, TV and movie producers) filter those messages. Citizens and  consumers return _____________ through letters, phone calls, or emails.

What are the stages behind media literacy?

8. A new medium goes through what three stages on its way toward mass  media status?

9. What came about in the electronic and digital eras?

10. The print era spurred what changes?

11. What are the three approaches to mass media?

12. What are the limitations of the linear model?

13. What do gatekeepers do? We also discuss several other topics like Who is william lloyd garrison?

14. Who are the gatekeepers?

15. What does each of the models in mass media do?

16. What are the values of Postmodernity?

17. Who are the Performing Rights Organizations?

18. Who are the top three music corporations?

19. How many corporations control most of the music industry worldwide? 20. The recording industry generates more revenue than all other media except  TV.

21. What was the most important type of recorded sound in terms of portability  and new features?

22. Who is the leading music corporation?

Who is the leading music corporation?

23. Why was recorded sound slow to rise?

24. Who developed the Phonautograph, Phonograph, and Gramophone? What  stage was it produced in? What did they do?

25. What are the Mass Medium stages?

26. What are online magazines called?

27. In terms of advertising what did the Audit Bureau of Circulation do? 28. What are the roles in production, editorial, and advertising and sales teams, ? 29. What different groups are magazines classified into?

30. Which magazine is the single most important in terms of revenue? 31. What lead to the decline in General Interest Magazines?

32. What magazines were big names for the start of interpretative journalism? 33. What was “Readers Digest” popular for?

34. What was the first widely popular general-interest magazine? 35. What era gave rise to “The Saturday Evening Post”?

36. What came about as a result of Muckrakers?

37. Who coined the term Muckrakers?

38. What era did the boom in magazines happen? Don't forget about the age old question of busn 11 introduction to business

39. What factors contributed to the boom of magazines in the 19th century 40. What is the oldest continuously running magazine?

41. What was the most important magazine that ran for 148 years? 42. Why did magazines take longer to be introduced in America? 43. Where did magazines get their origins and what was the word derived from? 44. Magazines refer to a collection of what?

45. Being able to stand the test of time depends on a companies ability to do  what?

46. What were Papyrus, Parchment and Codex made from?

47. What is Philosopher Walter Ong’s position on books?

48. In 2010 Arizona legislature passed a law banning courses that do what? 49. What is the reason for book banning?

50. What invention lead to selling newspapers large scale?

51. Who invented the moveable papermaking tech. and the printing press? 52. How did the invention of the printing press impact western/civilization? 53. What are the different book categories and what types of books can be found  within these categories?

54. Fatwa was issued against Rushdie after the publication of what novel? 55. What are the 5 broad periods? We also discuss several other topics like ∙ What is a political party?

56. How had taken reigns of the San Francisco Examiner?

57. Ochs and The New York Times did what during the time of Yellow  Journalism?

58. Who wrote the expose “Inside the Madhouse” and what was her purpose? 59. What contributions were made from the Penny Press?

60. What was the Associated Press (AP) there to do?

61. In WWII how was news hunger feed?

62. What was invented to transports news across the country? 63. What period came with Benjamin Days New York Sun? and what kind of  things were included in this type of publication?


1. Americans started to question traditional authority and key institutions. 2. Human interest stories Don't forget about the age old question of econ 2300

3. Allowed publishers to print books from photographic plates rather than from  metal casts, resulting in cost cuts and saving time.  

4. Enabled them to save time by setting type mechanically using a typewriter  style keyboard.

5. Novels made from cheap machines made on pulp paper

6. Description, Analysis, Interpretation, Evaluation, and Engagement 7. Senders, messages, mass media channel, receivers, gatekeepers, feedback 8. Novelty(or developmental), Entrepreneurial, Mass Medium  

9. Telegraph, radio, and television (electronic media)

10. Resistance to authority, the rise of the new socioeconomic classes, the spread  of literacy and the focus on individualism.  

11. Linear Model, Cultural Model, and Social Scientific Model

12. It’s only a one-way approach, with newspapers there’s no way to open a  discussion. Selective exposure, perception, and reception. Individual cultural  component. (Individuals and societies bring a diverse meaning to messages,  these come from the wide range of age, gender, education, ethnicity, and  occupation.)

13. They make decisions about what message actually gets put out to the public 14. Reporters, editors, producers, media owners and advertisers. 15. Linear: a source sends out a message ???? through a medium ???? to a receiver  

(audience) ???? producing an effect. Cultural: learned behavior of members  through a given social group, socially constructed shared meaning. Social  Scientific Model: comes from natural sciences pursuit of objective  knowledge, testing hypothesis and making predictions using methods such  as surveys, experiments, and psychophysiological mechanisms Don't forget about the age old question of biol 1361 uh

16. Opposing hierarchy, diversifying and recycling culture, doubts about  scientific reasoning, but warmly embraces technology.

17. Organizations (intermediary groups that provide functions collection of  royalties between copyright works publicly) ASCAP, BMI, SESAC 18. Universal, Sony BMG, and Warner Music

19. Four

20. True

21. Magnetic audiotape

22. Universal

23. The shellacs were not very good, it was very vulnerable to scratch, they were  only able to hold four minutes of music… which made them expensive to buy 24. De Martinville created the phonautograph during the Developmental stage (the earliest known sound recording devise). Thomas Edison determined  how to record a play back a recorded sound, phonograph during the  Entrepreneurial stage. Emil Berliner developed the gramophone, a turntable  machine that played flat disks during the Mass media Stage. 

25. Novelty(or developmental), Entrepreneurial, Mass Medium

26. Webzines

27. Established to provide reliability to announce circulation figures, began to  have advertiser influence on magazine content.

28. Production (machines and paper layout design) Editorial (content, writing  quality) Advertising and sales (manage income from stream of ads) 29. Leisure, sports, and music (playboy, soap opera digest) Travel and photo  (Smithsonian, National Geographic) Age group specific (teen people, AARP)  Elite and Cultural Minorities (The New Yorker, The New Republic)  Supermarket Tabloids If you want to learn more check out consumer behavior test

30. AARP

31. Advertising and money shifted to T.V, paper cost rose in the 70’s. 32. Time and Life

33. Featured condensed versions of selected articles from other magazines 34. “The Saturday Evening Post”

35. Muckrakers

36. Early form of investigative reporting, journalists who where discouraged  with newspapers sought out magazines where they could write in depth  about broader issues.  

37. Teddy Roosevelt

38. Mass Circulation Era

39. Postal act was passed (allowed for cheaper distribution). Advances in mass  production printing, conveyor systems, assembly lines, railroad helped  growth of mass circulation.

40. Scientific American

41. “Saturday Evening Post”

42. we weren’t as networked, infrastructure not set in place, social conditions  weren’t ideal for magazines when they first started.  

43. Europe  

44. Articles, stories, and advertisements published on a nondaily cycle. In the  smaller tabloid style rather than larger broadsheet newspaper style 45. Reinvent themselves

46. Papyrus (plant reeds) Parchment (animal skin) Codex (bound parchment  sheets… most advanced, 4th century romans)

47. Words are alone in text, words lack full phonetic quality, writers audiences  always fiction, in writing we can “backward scan”, writing develops codes  different from oral codes in same language, writing produces writerly  language, and writing (especially after print) lead to a sense of private  ownership of words.  

48. Promote the overthrow of the U.S. government, foster racial resentment, are  designed for students of a particular ethnic group, or advocate ethnic  solidarity.  

49. To maintain the values of society

50. Rotary Press

51. The Chinese, Gutenberg

52. It gave rise to vernacular languages, made it so the bible could be translated,  people changed relationships with the Roman Catholic Church, undermined  political authority.  

53. Trade (fiction, popular writing) Professional (law, business, medicine, tech)  Textbook (more expensive because they constantly have to be updated)  Mass Market (published after an event occurs) Religious Titles, Reference  books, University press titles.  

54. The Satanic Versus

55. Early newspaper, Partisan Press, Penny Press, Yellow Journalism, Age of  Objectivity. (Invented pyramid style)

56. William Randolph Hearst

57. Distanced themselves from yellow journalism, focused on documentaries and  major events

58. Nellie Bly, to expose how much of a mess the asylum system was. (made  people see why investigative journalism is important)

59. 1.Developed a system of information distribution 2. Promoted literacy among  the public 3. Empowered the public in government affairs

60. Wire services around the country (dedicated to processing new information) 61. Radio  

62. The Teletype Machine

63. Penny Press, local events, scandals, police reports, celebrity news, and  human-interest stories.

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