COMM 2713 Fall 2015 Midterm Study Guide
COMM 2713 Fall 2015 Midterm Study Guide COMM 2713 - 001
Popular in Communication Theory
Popular in Journalism and Mass Communications
verified elite notetaker
This 6 page Study Guide was uploaded by John Notetaker on Saturday October 17, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to COMM 2713 - 001 at University of Oklahoma taught by Jill A Edy in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 39 views. For similar materials see Communication Theory in Journalism and Mass Communications at University of Oklahoma.
Reviews for COMM 2713 Fall 2015 Midterm Study Guide
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 10/17/15
COMM 2713 Study Guide Fall 2015 John Bates Communication Both models include a sender message and receiver all communicated through a channel I Transactional communication This model focuses on the explicit or surface meaning of what is being communicated 0 Can include words images and pictures 0 Typically deals in the short term moments days weeks maybe I Constitutive model This model focuses on the meaning in context that is being communicated 0 Such as I Language that is understood and created in a relationship jargon dynamic meaning of language changes over time and understanding 0 Understanding example we take part in ritual communication where we ask How are you but don t expect to engage in a conversation I The difference between these two models is that transactional models look at people s attitudes and behavior and constitutive models look at the social structure of the world 0 Communication field divisions 0 Channel I The type of communication to be engaged in interpersonal mass comm computer mediated O Context I The way in which you re going to communicated organizational political intercultural persuasive Elements of Theory Typologies O Descriptions of the social world 0 Or the classification of certain items I Ex Personality types divisions of racial groups different languages 0 Laws 0 A statement about the relationships between the phenomena being described I Ex Home owners vote more than renters Theories 0 An explanation about why things happen and work as they do I Ex Social penetration theory equity theory take your pick Main differences 0 Typologies are like lists in that they break down and describe and classify groups of items 0 Laws are statements that state a truth about a relationship O Theories are the most important and most broad of the three elements because they use typologies and laws in order to explain a phenomenon Theoretical Perspectives 0 Postpositivism approach the social sciences like the hard sciences I Ex People can be explained just like chemicals or other physical things 0 Ontological commitments what s real I Postpositivists treat things as if they are real social constructionism we make the world that we live in I Ex Police having authority over us because we give them that authority 0 Epistemological commitments how you find out about something I Postpositivists are objective I Ex They would look at situations as if it were an ant farm From the outsidein 0 Axiological commitments values brought to your research I Valuefree I No moral compass I Ex A postpositivist would look at a situation and regardless of what s going on say whether it works or not 0 Interpretive O Ontological commitments I Interpretive theorists believe that meaning comes from interaction 0 The idea of 911 is socially constructed by people and because of this interaction it conveys meaning that is real to us 0 Epistemological commitments I Epistemologists are subjective 0 They look at the world through their subject s Viewpoint 0 However they do not take m 0 They also bring their ideas about social life to their research I Shared knowledge is necessary in order to make sense of social life 0 Axiological commitments I Valueneutral 0 They study a cultures value but they don t identify themselves with them I The goal To look with their subject and understand them 0 The explanation given to subjects often does not resonate well with them 0 Goals of theories 0 Predict A good theory should be able to predict an outcome with confidence based on the characteristics that a subject provides I Ex The more you selfdisclose the closer you will become to a person social penetration theory 0 Explain Additionally a good theory should also be able to explain the behavior behind why something happened as it did I Ex The reason why you selfdisclosed was because someone self disclosed to you first law of reciprocity 0 Understanding A good theory is parsimonious simple and not complex It should offer the overview of what the theory does with as few moving parts as possible I Ex T x1 x2sln1quot2s2n2quot2 vs Emcquot2 0 Einstein s theory of Emcquot2 is parsimonious because it offers the big overview of what s happening but it s anything but easy to understand when you break it down 0 Characteristics of good theories 0 Testability I The ability to test whether or not you re right 0 Ex 1st nuclear bomb was able to be tested and proved to work 0 Falsifiability I The ability to disprove a theory I A good theory is specific enough to be wrong 0 Ex Fortune cookies these are extremely broad in their meanings and therefore can t be disproved O Parsimony I The ability to explain a lot with a little 0 Ex Emcquot2 0 Ex A tornado survey with only three questions v a tornado survey with fifty O Heuristic Value I Able to tell you something that you didn t already know 0 Nonheuristic ex texting while driving is bad We know this I Heuristic ex The majority of people cannot multitask effectively 0 Scope I Being as fundamental as possible I Covering as many different dimensions as possible Theories 0 Schema Theory 0 Comm phenomenon Organizing the different ideas in our head in order to perceive what s happening 0 Explanation Schema theory uses 3 key kinds of schema Prototype stereotype and scripts to perceive what goings on 0 Application Going to eat and applying scripts of what s going to happen in order to make sense of the night s plans 0 Attribution Theory 0 Comm phenomenon Coordinated Management of Meaning theory 0 O Comm phenomenon Personsinconversation coconstruct their own social realities and are simultaneously shaped by the worlds they create Explanation CMM theorists are social constructionists who believe in multiple truths that are created when individuals communicate with others Application In communicating we form our social worlds tell stories with multiple meanings and then form the type of relationship that is based on how we communicate with people I Ex Having a conversation with a friend about a party last night and then only seeing that friend whenever you re at parties Dramaturgical metaphor O Comm phenomenon Preparing for communication and then performing the act of communication compared to a stage play 0 Explanation When we are backstage we prepare and get ready for our performance and then act out that performance onstage I Backstageonstage performance is determined by the function not the space itself 0 Application Stretching for a run in your house backstage and then going to run outside onstage Attribution Theory 0 Comm phenomenon How we decide other people s behavior 0 Explanation We use 2 ways to do this internal attribution amp external attribution 0 Application When a student comes into class late we attribute their tardiness to being lazy fundamental attribution error Expectancy Violation Theory 0 O Comm phenomenon How we react when someone does something unexpected Similar to attribution theory Explanation When reacting to unexpected occurrences we use the context cultural norms and relationship how you know the person basis that we have of the situation to gauge how to react Application An attractive stranger comes up to you and asks for your help according to EVT you would help that person because they re more attractive than you would expect and there s also the communicator reward valence that the benefits outweigh the costs a potential relationship v time spent helping Uncertainty Reduction Theory 0 O Comm Phenomenon In order to reduce uncertainty about a situationperson we learn more about the situationperson Explanation In reducing uncertainty we use different strategies to gain a better understanding these include passive strategies active strategies and interactive strategies Application To reduce uncertainty you could interact with the person actively ask their friends about them or passively stalk them Facebook 0 Social Penetration Theory 0 Comm phenomenon As we learn more about a person we peel back multiple layers and distinguish them as acquaintances or close friends 0 Explanation The self has three layers peripheral intermediate and central The more breadth and depth that you penetrate the closer you will become to that person 0 Application Consistently learning more breadth and depth about one of your friends until the two of you are close 0 Social Exchange Theory 0 Comm Phenomenon People evaluate relationships in terms of cost and rewards 0 Explanation People use comparison levels and comparison levels for alternatives to determine if the rewards of the relationship outweigh the costs and if they do they stay in the relationship 0 Application You date the new hotty but she does not meet all the expectations you had going into the relationship so you dump her 0 Equity Theory 0 Comm phenomenon You get out what you put into the relationship 0 Explanation When you put in an equal amount of work into the relationship you should get out an equal amount of rewards 0 Application You work all day bring in the money and because of this you expect not to have to do any work at home 0 Social Information Processing Theory SIP O Comm Phenomenon Computer Mediated Communication relationships can be just as close as facetoface relationships 0 Explanation Although CMC relationships lack the same nonverbal cues as FTF relationships they can still be as close because there is still information sent impressions made and relationships formed the basic formula for relationships 0 Application Meeting someone online talking to them over time forming an impression of them and finally becoming close them 0 Hyper personal Perspective 0 Comm phenomenon The ideal perfect relationship better than FTF O Explanation In CMC we are able to selectively selfpresent ourselves and receivers tend to over attribute similarity This leads to a hyper personal perspective 0 Application Emailing a professor and selectively selfpresenting yourself as a good student and the professor attributing similarities between the two of you because of what you said 0 Relational Dialectics O Comm phenomenon This deals with all relationships in general but mainly focuses on close relationships and the tensions struggles and messiness of those close personal ties 0 Explanation While in a relationship you Will feel the need to be close to your significant other While also feeling the need to be apart from them in order to maintain your autonomy focusing on contradiction in relationships 0 Application Moderating between expressing your emotions With your partner and protecting your emotions from them Moderation is also the typical choice for expressiveprotective dialectics
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'