ARC 121 Study Guide
ARC 121 Study Guide
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Date Created: 01/05/15
Architectural Terms Point 0 No dimensions 0 Basic geometric element Line 0 1D 0 Dragging a single point through space 0 Has length and direction 0 Basic geometric element 0 Begins to define a space when bent or deflected Plane 0 2D 0 Pulling a line in space 0 Has length width and surface 0 Basic geometric element Volume 0 3D 0 Pulling a plane in space 0 Has length width depth spatial properties 0 Basic geometric element Pythagorean Progression 0 Progression of point to line to plane to volume Relationship between Geometric Elements 0 Can be closely related through dimensions but functions differently 0 Points and volumes as quotcenters of organizationquot 0 Lines and Planes as quotedges to organizations of formquot Platonic Solid 0 Elemental 3 dimensional form 0 Volumes like spheres cubes cylinders 0 Building examples the Great Pyramids corn crib Pantheon Drawing Types 0 Plan section Elevation 0 Flat drawings that represent 3D 0 Plan 0 Most common 0 Is a section cut horizontally 0 Best spatial sequence organization movement 0 Doesn39t give how tall object is o Dotted lines to show how there may be something behind or above the cut vaulted ceiling beam 0 Elevation 0 Facade drawing 0 Flattened o No information about depth 0 Section 0 View of inside of building as if it had been cut vertically 0 Cut through the poche 0 Line weight heavier where cut through lighter lines farther back 0 Ex dollhouse 0 Can show buildings in different drawings 0 Ex combo elevation and section 0 Don39t have to draw the whole building Sight Plan 0 Draw landscape outside building and context sometimes topography Datum a piece of information 0 Neutral object or system which acts as a means of organization of forms and spaces due to its placement 0 Ex sea level Wall House Villa Savoye 0 Architects understand big ideas and smaller variations through geometry Poche space between two exterior surfaces of a wall 0 Describes the substance between the two surfaces of a wall which can be carved to form figural space 0 French for quotpocketquot 0 Can carve into 0 Ex glass paviion gt invisible void poche Bar Buidings can be cellular or layered 0 Ex Greek stoa Greenhouse at Chatsworth Program functional requirements of a building Tectonic constructional system Axis imaginary straight line about which parts of a building or group of buildings are arranged 0 Organization on edgealong line 0 Ex Arc de triomphe and Champs Elysee Haussman Plan 0 Central Axis like Salisbury Cathedral 0 Longitudinal Axis cross axis 0 Axis Mundi vertical axis 0 Ex the Great Pyramids Pantheon Symmetry mirror image about an axis 0 Consider local radial near bilateral symmetries 0 Ex Notre Dame Asymmetry not symmetrical 0 Consider balance asymmetry Hierarchy 0 Ex University of Virginia Silodam lacks hierarchy FigureGround 0 Helps understanding of open and closed spaces in a context Abstract interpretation 2D forms can describe opposing spatial conditions Ex Paul Klee quotinterspatia outer spatialquot Unite d39habitation Uffizi Villa Palazzo quotpower of the voidquot See it well on mapping 0 Nolli Map carve away interior of public space OOOOO Parti 0 quotpoint of departure for an architectural ideaquot Ex paradise river The Garden of Eden Launching off an idea From French 39partir39 to leave OOO Simplification of organizational ideas basic ideas that help lead to the complex Use of geometry linear cubic circular Use of datum Can be metaphorical 0 Ex Pietro Cataneo39s church plan human figure 0 TWA Terminal bird 0 Parti gives structure to a complex idea 0 Paradigm O quotideal modelsquot 0 Ex Vitruvian Man by Leonardo da Vinci 0 Square and circlegt 2 centers 0 Ex Vitruvian Man by Cesare Cesariano 0 Circle and square around one center 0 Four Square grids o quotparadise gardensquot in Persian rugs 0 Organizational hierarchy balance and symmetry 0 Nine Square Grids 0 Church of San Biagio Antonio da Sangallo the Elder 0 Villa Thiene Andrea Palladio o Exeter Library Louis Kahn 0 Higher Museum of Art implied 9 square 0 Sebastiano Serlio 0 Round temple compex emphasis on center 0 Square Palace plan cross axis organization 0 Mass and Space 0 Essential components of architecture 0 Dependently understood of one another 0 Space is boundless o Alois Riegl 19th Century 0 Art production in different historical times were based on the dominant sensory perception of that time o Haptic sense of touch early artifacts heavy volumes Egyptian pyramids o Optic sense of sight spatial relationships vantage point OOOO Architecture and buildings define space and are in complex relationships in that space They can define space or can be objects in their surroundings Architecture can be a hybrid of space and objects It also possesses plasticity or three dimensionality 0 Uffizi by Giorgio Vasori in Florence Italy 0 Defined by space around it rather than actual mass of rooms 0 Responds to Palazzo Vecchio power and the rivers wealth and commerce of that time Urban structures in modern times differ from early times when there were relationships between space and buildings 0 Morphology O quotthe study of forms and their manipulationquot Tvpoogv 0 Taxonomic classification of characteristics in buildings according to association with different categories 0 Cannot have type be too broad or too narrow o Typology and Morphology have a priori forms quotknowledge of experiencequot 0 Morphology abstract ideal geometries O Typology form associated with culture functionality and history 0 Ex Wright39s Robie House typology and Corbusier39s Villa Savoye morphology Historic buildings can be used as precedents for contemporary buildings 0 Romans 0 Romans took many precedents from the Greeks 0 But changed due to spatial principals o Functionality of Greek temples same for Romans 0 Pantheon Rome 0 Circular for the function of honoring more than one or two gods 0 Building served as mircocosm 0 quotmini model reflective of the organization and structure of something much larger3939 0 Ex oculus connects the heavens to the earth 0 Hagia Sophia Constantinople o Precedent of the Pantheon and Temple of Solomon Born in Boston MA in 1856 o 1872 took classes at MIT but then drops out o Moved to Paris 0 Wanted to get into Ecole des BeauxArts for architecture 0 Studied for two years but then dropped 0 Ecole des BeauxArts 0 Studying Romans Greeks Renaissance columns orders 0 Studied orders of antiquity 0 Paris Opera House collage of antiquity Charles Garnier o Sullivan moves to Chicago family there 0 Chicago new place to go for architecture because of the Great Fire in 1871 0 Depression in 187039s not much built mostly cleanup 0 History of Sullivan39s Time 0 ArchitecturalAdvancements o Invention of the steel frame 0 Invention of the elevator 0 Both inventions made it able for buildings to be built higher 0 Evolution of high rise frame architecture 0 Buildings using these advancements 0 First Leiter Building 1879 William le Baron Jenney used steel to create occupiable space O o Monadock Building 1893 o Eiffel Tower 1889 Paris Terms to know the Facade Edition 0 Rustification masonry with indented joints and a rough surface finish thought by Renaissance theoreticians to express the quothand of Naturequot 0 Tripartite Divided into or composed of 3 parts or kinds top middle base 0 Sullivan in Chicago 0 O O 1879 worked for Dankmar Alder and then became his partner in 18811895 Alder and Sullivan Worked under William le Baron Jenney too 0 Became familiar with Chicago construction Chicago Style 0 Ornaments contained by geometric forms 0 Wanted to quotreconcile the schism in Western culture between intellectual and emotionalquot The Chicago School 0 Principal architects after the Great Fire 0 1st Generation right after fire 0 Le Baron Jenney William W Boyington JM van Osdel 0 2nd Generation from Jenney studio 0 Daniel H Burnham John W Root William Holabird Martin Roche Louis Sullivan Sullivan was like an avantgarde architect of his time disagreeing with dominant trends Worked for Carson Pirie and Scott in 1903 and then career started to decline 0 Method of Planning 1896 O O O O 0 Below ground story basement Ground Floor establishments 2nd story accessible by stairs Office stories Indefinite Attic the very top 0 Sullivan Buildings 0 Auditorium Building 18861889 Chicago IL 0 Alder and Sullivan 0 Opera House hotel office buildings 0 Zeitgiest German for quotspirit of the timesquot 0 Influenced by Marshall Field Wholesale Store 0 Heavy rustification on base tripartite 0 Crazy interior ornamentation created his own catalog for ornaments o Overlaying of iconic on aniconic ornamentation o Borrowing from Islamic ideas 0 Aniconic Ornament geometric shows no life polychromy o Harem places for women in higher rooms watch men from screened windows Ann Halsted Flats 1884 Chicago IL The Standard Club 18871888 Chicago IL Walker Warehouse 1888 Chicago IL 0 No rustification tripartite clean Wainwright Building 18901892 St Louis Missouri 0 Horizontals and verticals o Tripartite spandrel panels 0 Guaranty Building 18951896 Buffalo NY 0 Ornament on terra cotta facade part of the building 0 Tree metaphor o Suppression of horizontals expression of verticals 0 Talk about Reliance Building 1895 Daniel Burnham Chicago with Guaranty Building 0 Clad in terra cotta glass barely wall horizontals extenuated 0 Carson Pirie Scott 18991904 Buffalo NY 0 Last great building for Sullivan 0 Department store and office buildings 0 Reduce horizontals and verticals to balance them glass windows Transportation Building 1893 Chicago IL National Farmer39s Bank of Owatonna 1908 Owatonna Minnesota 0 Asymmetry mirrored about corner 0 Merchant39s National Bank 1914 Grinell Iowa Getty Tomb 1890 Chicago IL 0 quotall you need to know about Sullivanquot 0 People39s Federal Savings and Loan 1917 Sidney OH 0 Vault door on center Sullivan Writings 0 Ornament in Architecture 0 What is Architecture 0 Writings published in architectural journals 0 Dies in 1924tombstone in Graceland Cemetery in Chicago l Born June 8 1867 Richland Center Wisconsin Parents divorce 0 Changes name to Lloyd from Lincoln to show loyalty to mother39s side Drops out of University of Wisconsin in 1887 0 Moves to office of Alder and Sullivan 1893 fired from Sullivan office because of quotbooteggingquot planning houses on own Wright Works 0 Auditorium Building 0 Works on it under Sullivan 0 Frank Lloyd Wright Home and Studio 1889 Oak Park IL 0 1895 playroom addition 1898 studio addition 0 First project without Sullivan 0 Very geometrical 0 Looks at architecture by Bruce Price Chandler Cottage 0 Shingle style exaggerated high pitch roof terrace porch o Inglenook 0 Scottish for quotFlaming Cornerquot fireplace 0 Room within and room 0 Windows on side into neighboring rooms in house 0 Playroom o Bigger volume of space barrel vault 0 Exploring larger architecture 0 Studio drafting room and library Charnley House Sullivan 18911892 Chicago 0 Wright head architect quotBootlegquot Houses 18921893 Oak Park IL Winslow House 1893 Oak Park IL 0 First project on own 0 Horizontality deep eaves symmetrical ow hipped roof 0 Urban facade symmetrica garden facadeasymmetrical Ward Willits House 19011902 Highland Park IL 0 Big eaves kick out 0 Horizontal stretching out box quotpin wheelingquot Barton House 1903 Buffalo NY 0 Offshoot of Darwin Martin House 0 2 bars slipping through one another shows action in form o Dropped beams gtspace within the space Darwin D Martin House 19031905 Buffalo NY 0 Same parti of Barton House 0 Pergola o Bands of bricks gtextenuates horizontal 0 Structure quotumpsquot piersgrid pattern 0 Free up space more extensive o In line with each other 0 Tartan grid 0 Wide band main space thin band use for utility space 0 Piers pulled in gt corners opened up William R Heath House 19041905 Buffalo NY 0 New type of plan for Wright 0 Linear 2 shifted bars Frederick C Robie House 19061909 Chicago 0 Different mortars for verticals and horizontals in brick 0 Entries private and tucked away Larkin Administration Building 19031906 Buffalo 0 Wanted this to launch his career to bigger projects 0 Heavy corners heavy exterior structure 0 Clerestory lighting in interior atrium Unity Temple 19051908 Oak Park 0 Concrete material not widely used at time o Cloister spaces contemplative space Hollyhock House 19171921 Los Angeles CA 0 Mayan architecture interpretation 0 Pre Coumbian architecture Ennis House 19231924 Los Angeles CA 0 MayanPreColumbian architecture 0 Concrete block architecture 0 Midway Gardens 1914 0 Last work in Chicago social institution 0 Johnson Wax Administration Building 1936 0 Organic metaphor gtmushroom columns turned into concrete lily pads at roof 0 Curved corner profile 0 Falling Water 1936 Bear Run PA 0 Living place infused with nature floats among natural elements Projected out from natural rock over waterfall Dialectic relationship between horizontals and verticals Cantilevered balconies Influences on Wright 0 Japanese Architecture 0 Hooden Temple at World39s Fair in Chicago 1893 o Tokonoma o Stepup inglenook ofJapanese emphasis on fireplace 0 Extension into landscape interiorexterior blurred 0 Mass production by Fordgt Wright39s Style of reinforced concrete and glass 0 Likes compression and expansion idea 0 Froebel Blocks influential in childhood Wright39s Prairie Style 0 Formal facade asymmetricirregular rear Low hippedpitched roof low bounding walls horizontality Classical base with exotic gtWright39s Style Architecture be extension of ground American suburbrural architecture Interested in the arts and crafts Publishes drawings in Ladies Home Journal in 1901 0 Reach population interested in houses and new ideas 0 quotA Home in a Prairie Townquot prairie style 0 quotA Small House with 39Lots of Room in It393939 advancing ideas of home living 0 Architect designs everything exterior interior furniture etc 0 Organic Architecture 0 Should incorporate all aspects of the building oneness o A building39s form furnishings settings and environment are all one thing that work together 0 Seed gteverything grows at once 0 Modern ArchitectureYoung Architecture 0 Organic ArchitectureModern Architecture Wright39s Writings 0 The Disappearing City1932 0 Cities in the future will be everywhere and also nowhere 0 The Living City1958 0 Force that would change Western Civilization 0 Electrification communicationwise 0 Mechanical Mobilization transportation ie Planes 0 Organic Architecture 0 Publishes Wasmuth Portfolio in Germany 1910 OOOOO o quotUsoniaquot denotation by Wright of a egalitarian culture that would spontaneously emerge in the US 0 Wright thinking urbanistically within the suburbs that were popping up 0 St Mark39s Apartment Tower and Capitaljournal newspaper Building 1931 0 Urban rather than agrarian Usonian everyday American quotUSquotonian Broadacre City 19311935 0 More evenly occupy American landscape 0 Gridded everything in a city is accommodated 0 The Living City 1958 revisiting of Broadacre City 0 Born 1852 in Reus or Riudoms Spain 0 Studied at Provincial School of Architecture in Barcelona and receives degree 0 Generally did not write only wrote one published essay 0 Influences 0 Gothic Influence 0 Ex Amiens Cathedral in France 0 Gothic Structure 0 Roman vaulted walls want to kick out gtthick walls for support 0 Greek posted beams tridiaded 0 Columns turn into vaults 0 Like a skeletal frame 0 Can have vaults with thin walls if there are flying buttresses o Diaphanous light delicate translucent o Dematerialized reduced mas in wall 0 Attenuated unnaturally thin 0 Eugene ViolletleDuc 18141879 0 Heavily influenced by gothic revival 0 Restoration of gothic and medieval arch o Considered one of the first theorists of modern arch o Advocated truth in programme function and in methods of construction structure and material 0 Moorish Influence Islamic o Aniconic ornament harem muqarnas 0 Ex Plaza de Toros Islamic arch Historiated archhorseshoe 0 Catalonia northeast corner of Spain 0 Separatist history Catalan modernismo o Gaudi defined Catalonian architecture 0 Catalan vault thin brick for vaulted structure 0 Landscape 0 Mediterranean Sea 0 Montserrat o Gaudi39s Style 0 Before 1900 0 Mix of neo Gothic and Modernismo 0 After 1900 Experimentational personal interests 0 Biomimicry take something from nature and mimic it mimicking organic form 0 Gaudi Works 0 Cooperativa Obrera Mataronense 18781882 Mataro Spain Early interest in structure gtcatenary arch 0 Casa Vicens 18831885 Barcelona Wealthy clientgt S to do ornament and materials Ornamental Moorish tile work cartoony Corbeing kick out a little bit past last brick 0 Palau Guell Urban palace Client Eusebio Gue funds Gaudi Catenary arch entrance promenade triple height space Piano noblie principal floor elevated one story Religious elements in architecture Roofs has quirky chimneys with ornamental flews 0 Islamic influence tile work mosaics 0 Casa Batllo 19041906 Barcelona Renovation didn39t change underlying structureform Gaudi39s architecture adds floor wild roofgt organic landscape biomimicry Plastic facade as in moldable plasticity Plasticity inside organic walls blurred wall and ceiling Apartment building and palace for Batllo family Bonelike shapes around building Steel structure covered in stone quotdifference between skeleton and skinquot Connectedness organically 0 Casa Mila 19061912 Barcelona Roof landscape reminiscent of Montserrat figural sculptures look like faces mansard roof Grand residence for Mila family and leased apartments Idea of one facade on a corner instead of 3 No underlying grid Last building completed 0 Parc Guell 19001914 Barcelona Suburb in mountains garden city 2 houses constructed middle class Central market public space Triglyphs gtDoric order for columns Hypostyle hallgt lots of columns to support stone roof 0 Ungelated wall on top and mosaic tile quotEssay in Columnquot 0 Doric columns rustificated columns sculpted spiral columns columns angled and curved into wall and floor 0 Santa Coloma Chapel Church of Colonia Guell 18981915 unfinished Barcelona Working town incorporates working and living Church pulls away from towngtin landscape Only bottom crypt of church finished o Sculpted like Montserrat o Gaudi invents new way of modeling 0 Inverted weighted chains to get catenary arches and then models srface on top 0 Raw skeletal 0 Church nave central body 0 Transept cuts through nave 0 La Sagrada Familia 1877present 0 Cathedral neogothic o 1877Villar begins designing o 1882 construction begins always begin with apse o 1883Gaudi appointed Architecture Director 0 1889lots of donations Gaudi decides to redesign 0 Temporary School of La Sagrada Familia 19081909 0 Switches ungelation o Keeps developing models and drawings because Gaudi knows the cathedral won39t be finished in his lifetime Gaudi gets run over by a tram and dies in 1926 European Modernism Attended Academy of Fine Arts in Vienna Vienna Polytechnic and Bauakademie Berlin Vienna Austria 0 Austrian Empiregt Austro Hungarian Empire 0 Ringstrasse 1860 Various architects 0 Public spaces and public buildings 0 Built off of Vienna O Austrian Parliament 18741883 Hansen 0 Greco Roman The Vienna Secession 1897 0 Founded by Klimt Moser Hoffman Olbrich and Kurzweil Supported by Wagner ends up joining Start magazine to get ideas out Ver Sacrum quotThe Kissquot Gustav Klimt 2 Dimensionality in works 0 Secession Building Joseph Olbrich 18971898 Wagner Works 0 Parliament Building competition entry 1882 Budapest Hungary Deposit and Credit Account Banking Association 1880 Landerbank 18821884 Vienna Villa Wagner I 1886 Neumann Department Store 18931895 0 Ornament flattening 0 Majolikahaus 18981899 0 Ceramic tile facade majolika tiles 0 Karlsplatz Station 1898 0 Metro station 0 Wall gridded and panelized OOOO OOOO 0 Church Am Steinhof 19021907 0 Cruciform plan 0 On a hill in asylum complex 0 Rough stone base 0 Post Office Savings Bank 19031906 0 Neoclassical but not really in detailing o Rusticated base fasteners smooth and rounded like roman shade 0 Neustiftgasse Apartments 19091910 0 Austere flatness vertical panelization 0 Villa Wagner II 19051912 0 Wrapping of stitched linegt implies 2 dimensionality 0 View from corner gtimportant in plan 0 Comparable to Erechtheion l 0 Born in Brno Moavia now Czech Republic o Studied architecture at Technical College in Dresden Germany 0 Father a stonemason gtintroduces him to architecture 0 Went to US in 1893 0 Noted works of Chicago School 0 Sullivan39s Ornament in Architecture influenced Loos39s Ornament and Crime 0 Loos39s Architecture 0 Interested in space illusion and how people understand space 0 Natural ornament found by material itself 0 Not like an applied ornament 0 Known for houses 0 Ornament Argument 0 Wasted material Form of craft slavery Loos isolated from Secession and contemporaries Art plays a small role in architecture If Loos did use ornamentation it was minimal or appropriated quotThe walls of a building belong to an architectquot Furniture that isn39t built in should be crafted by a craftsmen not the architect Anti Gezamtkunstwerk and AntiSecessionist Vienna 0 Critical of Olbrich o Ornament and Crime 1908 0 Art is primal and childish 0 The evolution of culture is synonymous with the removal of ornament from utilitarian objects 0 Ornament is a crime which is slowing down cultural evolution 0 Ornament is a waste at war with ornament 0 Reflective of a quote by Sullivan against ornament o The Story of a Poor Rich Man 1900 0 Poke fun at Gezamtkunstwerk architects o Loos saw it as not practical OOOOOOO Born in Berlin Studies architecture at Berlin Hochschule and Munich Hochschule Gropius interested in mass production standardization Bauhaus building house 0 Idea of Gropius to make a school of art and design not defined as an architecture school 0 Visual sciences 0 Wrote manifesto for Bauhaus in 1919 0 Train people as craftsmen and artists 0 Learn by making things not just drawing 0 Located in Weimar o Shutdown here as Weimar National Socialist Party gained power 0 Relocated to Dessau 0 Bauhaus became tied up with National Socialism Nazis and communists 0 People associated Bauhaus with these parties Shutdown in 1933 by Nazis 0 Bauhaus students moved throughout world 0 Chicago 0 Short ifespan gtinfuentia for how architecture schools work 0 Teachers Kandinsky Klee Gropius AEG Turbine Factory 19091910 Berlin 0 Architect Behren Gropius in office 0 Severe unadorned but eludes to classical form 0 Like Greek temple steel columns pediment Small Motor Factory 1912 Berlin 0 Behren Gropius in office Fagus Works 19111913 Alfeld Germany 0 Shoe factory 0 Designed by Gropius with Adolf Meyer 0 Corner is void wrapped glass 0 Suppressed columns glass brought out Model Factory and Office Building Werkbund Exhibition 1914 with Meyer Cologne Germany 0 Classical facade classicalesque 0 Back glass wall void corner light 0 Stairs spiral up front corner with glass wall 0 At same location 0 Glass Pavilion 1914 Bruno Taut 0 Glass chain Bauhaus 19251926 Dessau Germany 0 Education in arts and crafts Applied arts and crafts to 20th century and to technology and modernism 0 Glass wall curtain wa gta glass wall 0 Sight plan 0 Form pin wheeling idea of movement 0 Street cuts through buiding gtbridge over 0 Studio building in glass area Residential area behind studio OOOOOO 0 Continuous windows ribbon window Interest in volume Naval architecture referenced Double sided stage for theater and canteen Windows open as industrial influence Access to light is healthy Minimal o Bauhaus Readings O O 0 Outcome of efforts to reform art education in Germany Gropius advocated for workshop based education from designers and craftsmen o Mackensen advocated that artistcraftsmen be trained in fine art academy 0 Split Bauhaus into Academy of Art and School of Arts and Crafts 1919 Johannes Itten Swiss painter and teacher 0 Individual creativity 3939learning through doingquot Model houses by Bauhaus o Built and furnished 0 Sommerfield House Gropius and Meyer 1922 o Bauhaus 39Versuchshaus39 Experimental House 0 Muche and Meyer for Bauhaus Exposition 1923 Gropius resigns in 1928 0 Last 2 years distinguished by 3 developments 0 Politically enforced move from Weimar to Dessau 0 Completion of Dessau Bauhaus o Gradual emergence of recognizable Bauhaus approach 0 Meyer successor Gropius work Programme of the Staatliches Bauhaus in Weimar 0 Art needs to work together not to be isolated by craft 0 Bring together all disciplines of practical art 0 No distinction between monument and artutimate goal 0 No teachers or pupils insteadmasters journeymen apprentices Instruction Range 0 Architecture 0 Painting 0 Sculpting o Trained in craft drawing and painting and science and theory Divisions of Instructions 0 Course for apprentices 0 Course forjourneymen 0 Course forjunior masters Women allowed in Bauhaus o De Stijl quotThe Stylequot OOOO Dutch architecture movement Evolve through painting Mondrain and tree paintings In Bauhaus coor gthighight surfaces Shroder House 1924 Gerrit Rietveld Utrecht The Netherlands 0 Fluidity of domestic living 0 Bring spaces together 0 Walls can be removed movable 0 To open or close rooms 0 Line and plane interest 0 Influences Bauhaus furniture 0 Wassily Chair Breuer 19251926 Master39s House 19251926 Dessau O Built for different professors of Bauhaus 0 Duplex or semi detached o Gropius reflects and flips 2 sides gtchanging facade Municipal Employment Office Arbeitsamt1927 Dessau 0 Bar section and circle part 0 Roof sawtooth gtindustria o Brings more light in o Rotated 180 degrees around building 0 Clerestory light Siedlung Torten 19261928 Dessau 0 Houses for working class 0 Repetitive 0 Concrete block Weissenhofsiedlung Houses 16 17 1927 Stuttgart Germany 0 Explore hyperefficencies 0 Working class housing Prefabricated Copper Houses 1931 0 Expand with time o Economical The Packaged House System 19431945 r I8871465 Liked to be naked and paint Famous glasses bitten by a shark Original name Chares Edouard Jeanneret 0 Adopted pseudonym Le Corbusier in 1920 Able to travel and exposed self to lots of architecture 0 Germany Orient Vienna Italy Foundation in material study Born in La Choux deFonds Switzerland 0 Rebuilt after being burned down 0 Plastered architecture with hipped roofs 0 Famous for watches Corb loved history Photos with the cars Relationship between house and landscape 5 Points of Architecture 1926 0 Ribbon Window continuous horizontal Free Facade Free Plan Roof Garden architecture shouldn39t replace landscape move it to roof Piloti quotpierquot OOOO 0 Villa Fallet 19041905 La Choux deFonds Switzerland 0 Age 18 0 National romantic style alpine architecture 0 Add on emerging arts and crafts 0 Johann Joachim Winckelmann 0 18th century German art historian and archeologist 0 Is taste innate Or can taste be learned 0 18th century debate 0 It can be learned through education and imitation 0 Voyage d39Orient 1911 0 5 month excursion to Orient Asia Minor and Balkans 0 Lots of sketching 0 Villa Schwob 19121916 La Choux deFonds O Obsessed with history here after Voyage d39Orient Big blank square facade Front is 2D wall back is glassy void Regulation ines gtproportion Plan view square form circel broken in half wall 0 Front new architecture Back history and reference 0 Villa Rotonda Andrea Palladio 15661571 Vicenzo Italy 0 Renaissance gtcirce square 0 Symmetrical same on all sides cross axis 0 Unbuilt Project of Corb O Domino House 1914 0 Most important diagram of 20th Century 0 quotdominoesquot 0 Bare bones of architecture 0 Writings 0 Towards a New Architecture 1923 o Corb39s book 0 3 reminders of architecture 0 Mass grain elevators 0 Surface daylight factory 0 Plan 0 Work to find ideal 0 Sections about automobiles planes ships 0 Lessons of Rome 0 House is a machine 0 The City of Tomorrow and Its Planning 1929 o Atelier Ozanfant 19231924 Paris 0 Ribbon window 0 Sharing party walls 0 External stairs as quothingequot 0 Voided corner window 0 Villas La RocheJeanneret 19231925 Paris 0 Semi detached for wealthy client and brother 0 Free facade 0 Part elevated off ground OOOO 0 Architectural promenade o Stair momentike pulpit looking back Villa Stein 19261928 Garches France 0 Symmetrical for the most part Front door has big awninggt balanced by small cantilevered balcony Tripartite Free pan do anything with the plan Proportion tartan grid 0 Extra bays Roof garden Villa Foscari Palladio 15591560 Italy 0 Tartan grid 0 Masonry load baring walls Weissenhofsiedlung 1927 Stuttgart Germany 0 Houses 13 1415 0 Gets corner lots 0 Double house 14 amp 15 0 Simple facade 0 Ground floor hovering piloti o Colored dark tones on bottom ground floor disappears gt floating mass Via Savoye 19281931 Poissy France 0 5 points of arch Combined Floating house Tripartite Sculptured forms on roof Related back to Paadio39s Villa Rotonda o Circulargt on roof and base Ribbon window used around house 0 Picture window on top floor promenade 0 Master bath is open to master bedroom Vias Apartements and The quotL39espirit nouveauquot pavilion 19221925 Poissy France 0 Multifamily housing 0 Apartment building with voids of space for terrace 0 Double height 0 Single unit pavilion as expo Cite de Refuge Salvation Army builidng 19291933 Paris 0 Bar building 0 Parti bar object o Cube with voided corner cylinder Swiss Pavilion 19301932 Paris 0 Bar builing layered walls 0 Different Walls also related to change of wall throughout history 0 Reference to not load baring wall with oozing mortar o Punched windows 0 Curtain wall 0 Curved wall Unite d39Habitation 1947 1952Marseies France 0 Block of housing 0 Piloti roof garden OOOO O OOOO 0 Sculptural form on roof and base 0 Wall 0 Brise soei sunbreaker vertical fins 0 Beton brut roughraw concrete 0 New interest in material bringing back concrete
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