PY 370 Exam 4 Study Guide
PY 370 Exam 4 Study Guide PY 370
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This 6 page Study Guide was uploaded by Jordana Baraad on Saturday October 17, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to PY 370 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Dr. Steele in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 270 views. For similar materials see History and Systems in Psychlogy at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.
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Date Created: 10/17/15
Psychoanalysis Explains how mind works therapy to help with deeprooted issues Previously main theory taught in universities now outdated Sigmund Freud founder of psychoanalysis Australian family man neurology background craved fame hated criticism Main thoughts Emphasis on childhood experience Unconscious desires typically animalistic sexual Hall39s invitation to US to lecture at Clark D major fame acceptance Popularity wanes later in life Dies via physicianassisted suicide due to mouth cancer Anna O Freud39s 1St case talk therapy bad relationship with dad root of for hallucinations hysteria quottalked awayquot problems w probing questions Repressed Memories memories stored in unconscious mind Too traumatic to process D abnormal symptoms root of problem Dreams way to experience unful lled innermost desires road to unconscious mind Infantile and sexual Forgotten for protection handled by superego Freudian slip Saying things you don39t mean reveals unconscious desire 5 Psychosexual Stages Personality comes from progression through stages risk of xann 1 Oral birth18 months a Pleasure through mouth breastfeeding etc b Weaned too early xation D excessive gum chewing cigarette smoking etc 2 Anal 24 years a toilet draining control feces i go when have to reduced dependence on parents b quotanalquot or quotanal retentivequot hold in too much l OCD control issues 3 Phallic 47 years a gender awareness b Oedipus Complex boy loves mom hates dad c Electra complex quotpenis envyquot D daughter rejects mom i Converse of Oedipus Complex 4 Latent 711 years a sex drive low minimal development 5 Genital 12death a pleasure from genitals b focus sex Pneumonic Device Qld Age Eensioners Love grapes Do better 1 on exam Rules of Psychoanalysis Make client comfortable physically and emotionally no judging Couch for comfort and ease of hypnosis Facing away goes back to comfort therapist39s judgment not visible Listener psychoanalyst39s role not to talk much trigger admissions not convo Con dentiality anonymity sparks deeperdarker confessions Many sessions drawback Psvchoanalvsis Technidues Free association talking about single word whatever comes to mind ie quotworkquot or quotfamilyquot Goal word D diversion to deeper thoughts not directly related to original prompt Gives analyst foothold to ask more probing question long pauses indicator of repressed memories time for probing questions Ink blots Rorschach Ambiguous D unconscious interpretation Subjective not objective test Norms mental illness perceptions differ from average individual Secret not released to public internet hoaxes Scoring complex lots of training to administer Problems possibility of projecting dif cult to assess validity Principles of Psychoanalysis regression repression D reversion to earlier stage abreaction release of repressed emotions reliving D catharsis goal of psychotherapy con ict between opposite factions of psyche pleasure principle v reality principle Pleasure principle immediate grati cation Reality principle opposes pleasure principle Iceberg model Tip conscious majority below surface subconscious Levels of the Psvche at con ict in subconscious Established by Freud toward the end of his career Id primal lowest level of functioning pleasure principle internal abandonment Deep unconscious dominance D mental abnormalities Superego moral guide conscience Learned later in life unconscious Ego quotrefereequot between id and superego Conscious mind Precursor to Freudian theory on this concept St Augustine39s cupiditas v caritas Carl Jung personality study introversion and extroversion Jung criticizes Freud s sexuality emphasis scienti c merit D major quotbreakupquot Freud loses popularity credibility American Psychoanalysis Society APSAA society constantly looking to prove scienti c validity of psychoanalysis Behaviorism Before Behaviorism Psychology now scienti c study of mind brain and behavior quotbehaviorquot most recent addition added during behaviorist movement Comparative Psychology comparative study of animal behavior to discover general principles of behavior Animal subjects cheap labor no concerns about rights violations consent Laws of learning animals and humans learn similarly Harlow39s monkeys study of attachment in monkeys Food v cloth quotmotherquot doll Findings applied to humans Behaviorism concept that behavior results from stimulus and arises as a response to that stimulus Edward Thorndike father of comparative psychology and Law of Effect Mentored by William James Animal study chickens Puzzle box new way of studying animal behavior Animals inside gure out how to escape lever Increased speed over time Basic learning association training conditioning Findings D Law of Effect repeat behaviors if D good outcomes Basic Wellknown supported At root of operant conditioning not classical Operant conditioning we OPERATE on our environment B F Skinner expands Law of Effect Operant conditioning Birds playing pingpong Scoring point l get food reinforcement positive or negative Positive reinforcement behavior l gain bene t Negative reinforcement behavior l removal of negative experience NOT punishment Ivan Pavlov founded concept of classical conditioning Clerical physiological background Nobelwinning experiment with dogs accidental discovery from salivary gland study Classical Conditioning Pavlov Re exes resoonses Unconditioned Response Natural unlearned ex drooling for food Conditioned Re ex Learned re exresponse over time bell for food bell D drool even when no food Vladimir Bekhterev Similar ndingstime as Pavlov ndings in people not dogs rivalry Less fame told Stalin mentally I l murdered Watson father of behaviorism dysfunctional upbringing l tumultuous personal adult life Antiintrospection Not scienti c too philosophical Interest observable behavior Heavy in uence from John Locke Environment behavior president of APA in uenced direction of eld in uentialpopular Simple concept Enthusiastic support of research Watson gt Freud D Freud39s in uence waning hated psychoanalysis quotvoodooquot in letter to Freud D feud Pavlov more known than Bekhterev bc Watson cited him Some criticism too simple of an idea humans more complex consciousness is important Behaviorist manifesto Columbia university lecture on direction of eld Move past psychoanalysis make quotrealquot science observable tangible quotPsychology as the Behaviorist Views Itquot 4 Goals of Psvch 1 describe 2 Explain 3 Predict 4 Control behavior and mental processes 3 and 4 bc of Watson39s in uence stem from Behaviorist movement Little Albert Watson39s famous experiment lnduced fear of white rat in baby by pairing with loud noise Discovery fears are learned conditioned not innate Interaction with environment behavior
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