Test 2 Study Guide
Test 2 Study Guide P SC 1113
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P SC 1113
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P SC 1113 030
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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Rebecca Hurlburt on Sunday October 18, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to P SC 1113 at University of Oklahoma taught by Dr. Tyler Johnson in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 91 views. For similar materials see American Federal Government in Political Science at University of Oklahoma.
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Date Created: 10/18/15
Test 2 Review 1 What is social capital and why does it matter When we get together in group we make connections between individuals and these connections have the potential for bene ts for the world and yo personally 39 Norms of reciprocity and trust help each other and learn who to trust Bene ts for personal interest private good Bene ts for the world public good 2 What are some signs society changed across the 1950s and 1960s and then again between the 1970s and 2000s After Great Depression and WWII the number of community groups increased exponentially They used free time to solve problems Through the 70s and 90s Americans began to opt out of community groups 3 What do interest groups do beyond direct contact between a lobbyist and elected of cial Lobbying as Information 39 Testifying at legislative or agency hearings 39 Conducting and publishing research Holding press conferences Lobbying as Constituency In uence and Confrontation Building coalitions with other groups Harnessing membership to channel passion toward speci c individual 39 Protests and boycotts Lobbying as Law Filing lawsuits or amicus briefs for court cases Drafting legislation or regulations 4 Why do interest groups even those with large memberships still have problems accomplishing goals Roadblock to collective Action may have disincentives to get involved even though they want the end result free rider problem 5 What is ideology and why does it matter Ideology related set of beliefs about goals of society Also about how to achieve that order 39 Liberalconservative spectrum often used in shorthand by elites 6 What is party identi cation where does it come from why does it change and why does it matter Party Identi cation 39 An attachment to a political party Term originated with Michigan School Campbell Converse Miller Stokes 39 Research done across 195 Os ask people about their party attachment at regular intervals 39 The most stable of attitudes they found Where Does Party ID Come From 39 Socialization Group identi cation Running tally of recent outcomes Why Does It Change The tally might change An issue might topple it 39 Who leads the party might cause you to rethink What Party ID Does 39 Serves as screen for information causing selective exposure changing relationships with those around us 39 Strong predictor of issue positions 39 Serves as strong cue in voting CCMS funnel of causality argument 7 What keeps third parties from succeeding in the United States Roadblocks to Third Party Success 39 Public attachment and record of voting for l of 2 parties 39 Voters must see third party as a credible alternative and not just a spoiler 39 Ballot access laws drain time money 39 New party is a startup needs candidate organization media and tons of money Cooptation of their ideas by eXisting parties 39 What would the message be beyond the eXisting parties woes 8 Why might we overestimate the percentage of independents in this country Pure Independence and Leaning Independence the Questions 39 Traditional 7 point question asked by ANES reveals much Do you consider yourself a Republican Democrat or Independent 39 For those who claim a party Would you consider yourself a strong or a not very strong RepublicanDemocrat 39 For independents Do you thin of yourself as closer to the Republican or Democratic Party 39 Gives us 7 points SD WD LD I LR WR SR Pure Independence and Leaning Independence The Answers Number who initially say they39re independent rising 39 However most of these people say they lean 39 Only 11 percent say they39re independent and have no leaning 9 How might real independents differ from one another Two Types of Independents Some are educated and have interest Dalton s apartisans 39 Some aren39t as educated have little interest Dalton s apoliticals 39 Apartisans more political knowledge constantly gathering information active on issues Apoliticals opting out entirely 10 How is technology changing news production and consumption The How of New Media 82 percent used a desktop or laptop to get news 39 54 percent used a mobile device phonetablet 39 Most Americans using new technology to access old media sites online 39 20 of the top 25 news destinations online have an old media legacy DigitalOnly Sites Small on economics big on visitors Huffmgton Post 45 million unique visitors monthly 39 Buzzfeed 17 million unique visitors monthly 39 A comparison Washington Post s website at 19 million 11 What are some ways in which the media might be biased Bennett s Potential Media Biases 39 Political allowing personal views to affect which stories are being told how stories are being reported 39 Personalization downplay the big picture system focus on human element individual actors 39 Dramatization crises emotions get more play 39 Fragmentation immediate gets play stories fade quickly 39 AuthorityDisorder negativity threats to system get attention 12 What makes a story newsworthy Graber s 5 elements of Newsworthiness 39 Strong impact make you identify 39 Violencecon ictdisaster scandal excite you 39 Familiarity make you understand 39 Proximity close to home 39 Timely and novel freshness originality 13 What questions do potential candidates ask themselves before deciding to run Questions of Motivation 39 Do I have the motivation to fulfill this role 39 Does my family have the motivation Questions of Resources 39 How will you get money 39 How will you get support Questions of Organization 39 How would you assemble a staff 39 What about access to outside help pollsters consultants media field organizers 39 Am 1 regional National Questions of History 39 What about my political past might haunt me 39 What about my personal past might haunt me 39 Is your past fair game If so what s fair game 39 Do you think your social media presence may come back to haunt you someday Questions of Opportunity 39 Is this the right year 39 Is this the right electorate 39 Who might be my challengers 39 What do my challengers already have going for them 39 How might national conditions play a role Answers of Opportunity 39 Potential or actual politicians consider damage to reputation with loss 39 Look for weak or retiring incumbents 39 Look for districts where the message will resonate 39 Look for cycles where tides issues will buoy them 39 Keep in mind not all candidates follow these rules the issuepromotes the party placeholders 14 Why does it matter for better or for worse that campaigns keep growing longer A Concern The Permanent Campaign 39 President Obama thinks how to help his legacy also the party brand 39 Democrats in Congress how can they take back the House win the Senate help presidential candidates 39 Republicans how can they hold on to the House hold the Senate win back the White House 39 De nition of the permanent campaign melding of governing and campaigning 39 Politicians govern not necessarily to help society but to hold onto power The Good and Bad of Permanent Campaign 39 Good does it force politicians to listen more 39 Good does it offer more opportunities to participate 39 Bad too much short term thinking 39 Bad rise in combativeness 15 What is the invisible primary and why does it matter The 2016 Presidential Calendar 39 February 1 Iowa caucuses February 9 New Hampshire primary 39 Goal capture as George HW Bush called it The Big Mo momentum 39 How Start early 39 Not just potential candidates who are elites of all sorts do too 39 Result Invisible Primary throughout 2015 39 Invisible Primary networking between candidates and elites to potentially build electorally useful relationships
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