GWS 2000 Midterm Study Guide
GWS 2000 Midterm Study Guide GWS 2000
Popular in Intro to Gender and Women's Studies
Popular in Women and Gender studies
This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Laura Romero on Sunday October 18, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to GWS 2000 at Western Michigan University taught by Hall in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 39 views. For similar materials see Intro to Gender and Women's Studies in Women and Gender studies at Western Michigan University.
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Date Created: 10/18/15
P FP NI O GWS 2000 Midterm Notes Empowerment To give power or authority to Disempowerment To cause a person or a group of people to be less likely than others to succeed Marginalization To put or keep someone in a powerless or unimportant position within a society or group Power Dominant culture describes and appropriates roles and behaviors for its designated subordinates in order to maintain the status quo Privilege Refers to any advantage that is unearned exclusive and socially con ned centered around 1 Dominance 2 Identi cation 3 Centeredness Oppression The systematic exploitation and subordination of one group by another by means of institutional control and ideological domination gtsystematic institutionalized andor culturally sanctioned discrimination 5 Faces of Oppression Exploitation Marginalization Powerlessness Cultural Imperialism Violence Patriarchy A system that is male identi ed male centered and male dominated Systems of Oppression Institutions sexism family racism marriage classism government heterosexism media ageism economic ableism military lookism sport criminal justice system religion educa on technology Institutions support systems of oppression Eg Criminal justice system supports racism through racial pro ling lntersectionality The intersecting forms of oppression Eg A white female is underprivileged in comparison to a white male but may have more privileges compared to a black female Age class race sexual orientation and gender are all factors of intersectionality Paths of Least Resistance The conscious and unconscious choices we make from one moment to the next Gender vs Sex Sex depends on biology whereas gender depends on society and socialization Gender Socialization A process where we learn gender a system of penalties and reinforcements that teach us how to be acceptable with our society Social Construction Construct Something which is invented or constructed by culture or a society usually by the dominant power within a society and which most often bene ts those in power lntersex Genitals andor chromosomes are out of the norm are not classi ed speci cally in the male or female category Eg Chromosomes may be male but genitals are female or genital may be female but develop in male genitals around puberty Essentialism A perspective that ascribes identity attributes to biological causes FP P PP NE O 05 NE OOOOFP NE O Agents of Socialization Family Media School Government Fnends Religion Region Set of Attributes and Behavior Masculinity Femininity Possession of qualities associated with men gt with women David amp Bannon 4 Dictates to Masculinity No sissy stuffquot You have to be the big wheequotAmbition success wrath etc Sturdy Oakquot no emotions be strong Give em hellquot machismo Misogyny Dislike of contempt of and prejudice of women Gender roles Behavior that is associated with masculinity or femininity Objecti cation As seeing andor treating a person as an object SexuaHzann A person s value comes only from hisher sexual appeal or behavior A person is held to a standard that equates physical attractiveness A person is sexually objecti ed Sexuality is inappropriately imposed upon a person quotPersonal is the Politicalquot A feminist phrase meaning personal problems are political problems Many of the problems women deal with stem from systematic oppression
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