Lecture 10/12 PSY 100
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This 2 page Study Guide was uploaded by Kaelana Linton on Sunday October 18, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to PSY 100 at State University of New York at Oswego taught by Victor A. Licatese (P) in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 39 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Psychology in Psychlogy at State University of New York at Oswego.
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Date Created: 10/18/15
Memory II Ill 0 Very poor but most thinks it s good 0 Its quotwho you are Types of Memory 3 types 1 Episodic memories of your life experiences 0 1st day of college 2 Semantic your knowledge of facts about the world 0 Capital of Texas is Dallas 3 Procedural quotmuscle memories physical skills 0 Tying your shoes Process of forming memories 3 steps 1 Encoding change information into a nerve impulse 2 Storage hippocampus sent to cortex where it is stored 3 Retrieval Think of answer most forgetful Stages of Memory 1 Sensory Memory 0 Awareness 0 Sees hears everything 0 Lasts 75 seconds then refreshes 0 Most escape before it becomes short term memory 2 Short Term Memory 0 quotwhat you are concentrating on o Lasts 20 to 30 seconds 0 Holds 7 items i2 0 Most escapes memory if not 3 Long Term Memory 0 quotour memories 0 Assumed to be permanent but not always retrievable Short Term Sensory Memory Some IV Theories of Forgetting 1 Decay theory quotPathquot to the memory fades over time over grown path in meadow 2 Duration Theorymost information escapes the short term memory 3 Capacity theorygreater than 7 items to remember something will be lost 4 Interference theorySimilar information prevents proper retrieval Alzheimer patience loses episodic memory first not semantic Long term memory is considered permanent even when you can t retrieve it Long Term Memory o Proactive interferenceold information interferes with retrieval of new information i Pro new information suffers o Retroactive interferencenew information interferes with retrieval of old information i Retro old information suffers V Rehearsal quotTo Study 1 2 3 Maintenance Rehearsalto repeat information to yourself to keep it in short term memory until used 0 Ex someone s number Elaborate Rehearsaltry to commit information to memory by understanding it comparing it to something you already know Chunking Rehearsalmore than 7 items can be learned if put into groups VI Eidetic Memory 1 2 Keeping a vivid pictorial memory Photographic Memory Some young children have ability less than 2 ability begins to disappear at age 5 or 6 and gone by 12 Right side of brain VII Dependence in memory 1 2 3 Context Dependent if you re in the same place as you were when facts went into your long term memory more likely to retrieve them State Dependent Memory if your internal states isare similar when trying to retrieve information retrieval is better Flashbulb Memory to remember vivid details of an important eventday 0 Le 911 historic flashbulb 0 Le Death in the family personal VSerial Position Effect l9 Spoon Chair Table TV Radio Computer Bed Rug Exercise Machine Primacy 5i Wards reeeiiled We EOP NFPW P NP Primacy intermediate Reeeney R e C e n Poeitiori iii sequenee IX Amnesia forgetting of long term memory beyond normal forgetting ie normal memory day of the week normal things to forget what you had for lunch last week 1 2 Anterograde Amnesia cannot form new long term memory Retrograde Amnesia forgetting past events 0 Happens later on in Alzheimer i ie Ronald Reagan asked quotwas I present at one point
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