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UO / Art / ART 204 / What is the meaning of the vase at egypt called hierankonpolis mural (

What is the meaning of the vase at egypt called hierankonpolis mural (

What is the meaning of the vase at egypt called hierankonpolis mural (

Description

School: University of Oregon
Department: Art
Course: History of Western Art I
Professor: Hurwit j
Term: Fall 2015
Tags: Paleolithic, archaic, pyramids of Giza, Old Kingdom, and New Kingdom
Cost: 25
Name: Prelude to Monumentality: Predynastic Egyptian Art
Description: The timeline in this note set covers the art: Predynastic Period, Archaic (Early Dynastic), Old Kingdom, First Intermediate Period, Middle Kingdom, Second Intermediate Period, and the New Kingdom.
Uploaded: 10/19/2015
16 Pages 54 Views 2 Unlocks
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ARH 204  


What is the meaning of the vase at egypt called hierankonpolis mural (tomb 100), predynastic?



I. Prelude to Monumentality: Predynastic Egyptian Art Mesopotamia’s dichotomous art

• 1. Commemoration to pious service

• 2. Celebration of earthly victories

Egyptian art has consistency/sameness unlike Mesopotamian art • MESOPOTAMIA 

o Chaotic because of fragmented geography


What pyramid in egypt has the tallest structure for 4,500 years?



We also discuss several other topics like What is darwin and wallace's theory all about?

• EGYPT 

o Land of 1 river (the Nile), that compresses fertile valleys to  create the “Black Land”  

o Dependable regularity of flooding—encouraged sameness of  cosmos

▪ Annual redrawing of land after flooding enhanced belief  

in order, permanence. The flood pervaded art, culture,  

religion.


Who is the architect of the pyramid of khufu (cheops), old kingdom, dynasty iv in egypt?



o

Both cultures built monumental buildings:

Mesopotamia: ziggurat—mud brick—ephemeral

• Afterlife: miserable eternity wandering

Egypt: tombs + pyramids—stone—permanence  

• Afterlife: joyous, peaceful continuation of this life

Portrait of Khafre: If you want to learn more check out How many percentages of body mass that skeletal muscle has?

• The King (Pharaoh) was a god, so all had to be good in life Mesopotamian art????relatively small scale relief  

Female terracotta figurine, 4th millennium  

• Goddess, dancers, mourners (?)

• Graceful

Don't forget about the age old question of It is a position that a person occupies in a social structure; family status, occupational status, social class, also age, race, sex, and ethnicity, etc., what is it?

Painted vase 

• “Amration” pot with curved arms

• Haphazard composition

• Style: representational character vs. (Susa A Ware goblet where  image placed in service of architecture) no obvious relationship for  shape of vase; representation for its own sake—very different  course from Mesopotamian art

Hierankonpolis Mural (Tomb 100), Predynastic 

• Mural = not a Mesopotamian art form If you want to learn more check out Who is franz anton krager?
We also discuss several other topics like What are the two major concepts of the theology of calvin?

• Programmatic in details = anticipates principle characteristics of  later Egyptian art

• Black + white boats represent a “symbolic universe” are objects of  civilization indicating motion of time threatened by nature,  violence?  

• Life is a perpetual voyage through time

• Icon: rule????victory of Pharaoh over its enemies in the same pose,  seen over and over (i.e. kneeling figures on horizontal groundline =  simple origins for organizing)

Macehead of King Scorpion 

• Digging irrigation project for benefit of his people We also discuss several other topics like It is a study of how energy distributed under influence of entropy, what is it?

• Ground line still not there

Battlefield Palette, Predynastic

• Two sides: chaotic—no overarching organizational principle

Palette of Narmer, from Hierakonoplois, Archaic (0-1) 

• N’R (catfish) + M’R (chisel) = Narmer (“Striking Catfish”) • Civilization with documents

• Size = stature  

• Crown????white crown of Upper Egypt

• Shown in formulaic pose

• Sandal bearer on its own ground line

• Horus (falcon god)

o People of the Nile Delta—Narmer’s victory is transferred to a  realm of symbols

o Narmer has defeated lower Egypt

• Narmer wearing red crown claiming kingship over a united Egypt • 2 mythological creatures necks intertwined (a symbol of unity?) *There is more clarity in Narmer vs. the Battlefield Palette • Comprehensibility: composition matters. Political more important  than aesthetic  

• Ground line fully adopted

• Marks end of formative phase of Egyptian art

• Image of order commemorate also new order in kingship Archaic art = small scale

II. OLD KINGDOM (Dynasties III-VI)

(age of fine painting/reliefs)

Step Pyramid Complex, Sakkara, Old Kingdom, Dynasty III • Architect: Imhotep (1st known “architect”)

• Layers of mastabas

• Grand scale built of mud brick stone blocks

• City complex had high wall

• Invented monumental stone statue as well as first building  structure

Bent (Southern) Dahsuhr Pyramid of Sneferu, Old Kingdom, Dynasty IV • Angle decreases as a result from an unstable base to carry such a  steep angle upward (bent at 54 degrees)

Red (Northern) Pyramid of Sneferu, Dahshur, Old Kingdom • Planned to have gentle slope—43 degrees

• Earliest true pyramid ever completed

• Senferu buried beneath

Pyramid of Khufu (Cheops), Old Kingdom, Dynasty IV 

• Architect: Hemiunu (Hemon)

• Tallest structure for 4,500 years

• Base of pyramid virtually flat on all sides—engineering feat • Megalithic masonry (2 million+ blocks)

• A pyramid form: least subtle ever devised

o Impress with sheer size

o Meant to strike awe

• Worked on pyramids during flooding when the fields could not be  tended  

• How? Theory = ramps for layering courses of stone blocks  

The Great Sphinx of Giza, Old Kingdom, Dynasty IV 

• Located in front of the Pyramid of Khafre

Pyramid of Giza 

• Testifies power and might through megalithic construction  

III. CANON + MONUMENTALITY (Oct. 16)

The sculpture of Egypt in the Old Kingdom (Dynasties III-VI) c. 2686-2181  & the Middle Kingdom (Dynasties XI-XII) c.2040-1782

Tomb Painting from Meidum, Old Kingdom 

• Oldest Egyptian tomb painting after Hierakonopolis

Tomb of Ti, Old Kingdom 

• Aristocratic figure of Dynasty V

• By painting on wall, the very act ensured that Hippo hunting would  continue in the afterlife

• Mastaba of Ti, Sakkara, Dynasty V, Old Kingdom 

o Extreme naturalism/attention to detail

o Shows how closely related painting and sculpture were o Legs of herdsmen carved, legs painted below waterline but  not carved

o “Bovine dialogue” between calf and cow (open  

mouths)=naturalism

Rehotep & Nofret, Dynasty IV, from Meidum, Old Kingdom • Husband and wife  

• Earliest surviving large scale statues that depict someone other  than the Pharaoh

• Colorfully painted

• Rehotep’s skin = brown (working) / Nofret’s skin = cream color  (indoors)

• Faces: life-like and naturalistic. Bodies: simplified masses—not  particularized. There is conflict between naturalism of face and  conventional body shapes.

Portrait of Ankh-Haf, from Giza, Old Kingdom 

• Bust made of limestone coated in layer of painted plaster, which  allowed for more sensitive treatment of the surface (i.e. furrowed  brows). Plaster—not carved in stone

• Look of weary, worry???? a true intelligence behind the face of a man  who has devoted his life to Egypt/political career but his physical  self has taken a toll.

• Nothing more naturalistic than this bust

Portrait of Khafre, from Giza, Old Kingdom, Dynasty IV 

• Remarkable for its idealism—handsome, slender, youthful

• Solitary majesty—his divinity is expressed by falcon god, Horus,  who embraces Khafre

(vs)

Menkaure 

(no picture on Image Reserve)

• Still idealized, but no longer stands alone, queen embraces Pharaoh  instead of Horus

• Humanization of Menkaure’s portraits suggest a reduced stature • Subtle changes in Egyptian art always occurring…yet there are  certain constants

Wooden Panel of Hesi-re, from Sakkara, Old Kingdom 

• Court scribe of Djoser

• Pose: faces right, some rendered frontally and parts in profile view • This pose is the canonical pose—because representation of human  figure was most clear

o Various human parts rendered in a way it was most  

recognizable to inform us what a human figure looks like

(canon of grid)

Ranofer, Old Kingdom, Dynasty V, Sakkara 

• Attached to artificial backboard in high relief = canon of Dynasty V • Grid system: strict canon. Let no doubt on how to  

structure/proportion the human figure

• Egyptian formula = conventional, predictable, and forbids  “accidental” design

*Egyptian art????consistent and organized

• Distinctive style

• Technical excellence

Portrait of Mentuhotep I, Thebes, Middle Kingdom, Dynasty XI 

Funerary Complex of Mentuhotep I, Deir el Bahari  

• Tomb & Temple fusion

• Before in Old Kingdom (i.e. Giza Plateau)

• Mentuhotep tried to return stability—pyramid complex blatantly  alluding to successful Old Kingdom

• Mentuhotep seen as new Narmer (?)

Portraits of Amenemhat III, Middle Kingdom 

(no picture on Image Reserve)  

• boy transforms to a lion headed sphinx

Portrait of Sesostris III, Middle Kingdom, 12th Dynasty 

• No longer idealized portrait, depicted with heavy furrows, sags  underneath the eyes

• Represents mood and age: anxiety of a ruler

• Compared/contrasted with Khafre, Old Kingdom

TIMELINE

Old Kingdom (Dynasties III-VI)

• First Intermediate Period 2181-2040

o Chaos/disruption

Middle Kingdom (Dynasties XI-XII)

• Second Intermediate Period 1782-1570

o The Hyksos succeed in casting Egypt into chaos, ending the  12th Dynasty

The New Kingdom (Dynasties XVIII-XIX)

10/18/15 11:15 PM

10/18/15 11:15 PM

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