HPHY 321 Test 1 Study Guide
HPHY 321 Test 1 Study Guide HPHY 322
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This 9 page Study Guide was uploaded by Nui Gonzales on Sunday October 18, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to HPHY 322 at University of Oregon taught by Dawson S in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 63 views. For similar materials see Human Physiology I in Human Development at University of Oregon.
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Eugh...this class is soo hard! I'm so glad that you'll be posting notes for this class
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Date Created: 10/18/15
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Nun Not all Pseudosllraltl ed Colummr Function Secretion and p rapulsiom all mucus cilllated vas deferens large glandular duels Clllaled trachaa and rrlrucll nl upper respiratory tract NUCLE UN DlFFERENT LEVELS TlllS IS THE BIGGEST PDle HERE I cells exlend l0 luminal surface glves the effECI that ill ls strati ed ill lclerltify singlecelled mucusfgnblel cells under tha m39cm 39 397 3931 39 userr 5 I ll 1 1 D I nllegum enta ry System speci c outcomes la Draw the layers uf the epidermis dermis and hypodemls Dermis Hall shall Fara Danna papillae 395 papllllawlayar goldennls l vwgtlf Squot 2 Meissner ia mrpusclle g FIFBB name randan l ellculalr layer all dermis 4h i loll gland Armvelour pill muscla Sensory name libel Etienne sweat gland Ptaolnlan ncnrpuscla Amery H vmdermis superficial fascia Halr mat Hahl Eccrlne sweat w Vein Adipose tissue Ollllcle i Flam half plexus gland Cupwlgm m 2002 Puamn lEdunsmum Im llllbll hi39llg Bunlamm Uman Describe the structure ef enr skin and its identify its functions Epidermis Ceiis in the Epildennis and Function Keratinecytes ferm epidermal keratin Melanecytes produce melanin and give skin the pigment and protect from sun rays Langerhans immunity cells Mezrkei The least amount of celis located in the deepest layer of the epidermis acts as a sensory receptor somatic Derm is Papiilary Mayer bumpy peg iike layer right under dermis Meissner s enrpnseile mechanical reeepter tightest touches Retieular iayer 30 of the dermis Pacinian corpuscle mechanical receptor harder pressure Contains vessei and glands EP lDER Ml S is AVASCULAR SD 39THlS NOURISI IE S IT Hypedermisz fat ceils live here identity the regions of the skin epidermis dermis and hypndennis in histpiegical images eem oi 1 T Ep iterrnis t 3 Papitlaly dermis Reticula I Eiemts 39 quotI quot Hypeda rnis is Explain the fanetion and teempnsitien of the stratum basale anti basement membrane Stratum Hassle here is where mitosis is a ii ve and well cells are pushed up from this layer This is the regenerative layer and when we shed skin this is where the new skin comes from Basement Membrane The primary fnnetien of the basement membrane is to anehnr down the epithelium Happens from cellarmatrix ad hesiens y Describe the rate of keratin ilarnents enliagen and hemitlesmnsomes in helding the epidennis and dermis tegether Kerstin Filaments create a tnughness tn the skin Cnllagen strength and structure nnri nisn plays n rule in the replacement ni tlead skin cells Heniidesrnnsnmes p l tlieil39l struetures 39thnt i39ltiid epidermis dnwn tn the basal lamina Describe the Invitation end rnle nf nnelrnringinnetinns in skin integrity via Ilrleids eells tngether in actually nitrite at cell Willi vii Explain the idil iierence hetween thick and thin skin in structure and location i I Think sitin enntnins itiCltiLttl i and does not have hnir nn the external surface The lneetiens nfthiek skin include the pnlrns til i Z handsw and i itilitii39ll iii the feet 39l hin skin enntnins cnrneum grannlnsunn spinnsnni anti hassle it they have hair on the surface 1 l Chapter Mt 1539 3B Seine learning objectives rt Drew Eillti inhel the titlerent regions nt e typical neurnn nncl assimilate each region with its itinetinn t l quot Dendritee 39 1 r if a Gellbo y leemail Am 391 I l quot Nucleus laminate j 39 Directien at signal we at 1 r Amn hilleelr quotN it In quot quot39 quotwas 39 ti d IF f39 7 mien m J u 4 E d s t Prelynapti t it reman L 39 39 quot i I 7 Synapse l39 Li I 1 V as DBndritee A I l e 39 if 3 ti n quot N 11 A k l i l quotI i 39imr 392 r h i gr i H Axen terrnlnal 5i Pla tljy aplilic nauren l it Ha 395 lNauretransmittnr Amquot quot quotex laitrrelease I t l P terminals 7 quot 39 Aggie 39 Asen i a l i t Collateral i r an L Dent rites detects siiurnnli r39 139quot t Cell bratty grained nntentinls are eren ted here and nucleus eentnineti here ti Asian hil lnelt where en netinn pntentinl is rst nrnpagnted Asnnr the tiepnlnrizntinn happens here linen the hillnek tn migrate in the pnstsynnptic neurnn Nndes If remnier39 where inn nuwernenl happens fer de pnlnrinatinn tn neeur Myelin sheaths insurintinn tensiler lentilnrizntinni Aiken terminal the entitling hulh ni39the presyrinpt ie neurnn lien aetinn potential trtwels inwn in this nt iint eeleitnn is let intn the cell and n neurntrensrnitter is let nut to the nest neuron The signal continues Synapse where the signal is transt39nitted from initial neurnn in nest it Name it types ni39glial cells identify them with either the P39N S nr N and nssneiate each with n liinetinn CNS Astrnejrtes hlnutl hrnin barrier glint senr secretes neuzretrnnhie teeters and nrnvitles suhsiraue iijir A39l39l nr ntiuetinn Miernglin intiditiied immune cell tights ilnlieetinn and gets rid nt rlehris tnnde h entwined neurnrnil tissue Uligndenrlrealities myelin sheaths Eneiidyrnnl SF erentinn and ninvernent Seuree nf neural stem cells PNS S hwann secretes neurotrophic factors and myelin sheaths Satellite physical and chemical support for neurons in the ganglia C Correctly identity the gross anatomical structures of the major regions and subdivisions of the brain on a model and human brain Cerebrurn Frontal lobe Parietal lobe Temporal lobe Occipital lobe Cerebellum Diencephalon quotthalamus Hypothalamus Pineal Body Brainstorm Fons Midbrain Medulla oblongata 1 Describe the locations and primary functions of the following major regions and subdivision of the brain Cerebral hemispheres 5 lobes frontal parietal temporal occipital insula Frontal motor Parietal sensory temporal smell auditory interpretation Occ ipital v is ion lnsula smell taste Diencephalon epithalamus Pineal body thalamus and hypothalamus Thalamus relays sensory and motor signals to cerebral cortex regulation of39consciousness sleep and alertness Hypothalamus temperature regulation metabolic processes governs the autonomic nervous system thirst hunger sleep mood sex drive and release of hormones endocrine into the blood stream Epithalamiums pineal body sleepiwake cycle circadian rhythms and regulation of motor pathways and emotions Melatonin is secreted by the pineal gland Brain stem midbrain pons and medulla Mild brain vision hearing motor sleepiwalce arousal temperature regulation Pious Connects cerebral cortex to medulla oblongata contains nuclei that relay signals from the 39Forebrain to the cerebellum along with nuclei that deal primarily with sleep respiration swallowing bladder control hearing equilibrium taste eye movement facial expressions facial sensation and posture Medulla obllongata responsible for multiple autonomic involuntary functions vomiting sneezing swallowing Medulla contains the cardiac respiratory vomiting and vasomotor centers and therefore deals with the autonomic functions of breathing heart rate and blood pressure Cerebellum Bulb in the batch o ithe head Huge with motor control E Correctly identify the different regions oi the ventricles on the models and brains and describe their function Lateral ventricles into lnterventicular foramen to third into cerebral aqueduct to Fourth into the lateraltmedial apperatures then into the subarachnoid space transported by arachnoid granulations into the superior sagittal sinus then transported via venous flow From the fourth ventricles the CSF can also go down the central canals into the spinal cord The ventricles contain a special set of capillaries covered in ependymal cells which creates Va oF the blood brain barrier These are called choroid plexuses and they create CSF Fluid goes into the endothelial cell and through connective tissue then through another epithelial cell Describe cerebral white matter and the tracts that allow for communication between the cerebral areas and between the cerebral cortex and lower CNS spinal cord Association Bundle White matter grouping that connects different lobes or parts of the same cerebral hemisphere ea Ucinate fasciculus frontal lobe to temporal Cingulum from cingulate gyrus to entorhinal cones I I l Superior l l tgilltdi lal le seieultts Ii rtltlttttl l0 occipital lhl Erittr longitudinal littseietlltte eeeipitatl lithe ID lempnrttl l hti Perpendicular lheeiettljtts inl eritir parietal luhttle Jeeipitet mnlel llz39iSC lCLlltl i occipital ttt l rtttttttl Furnix hippoeemptls th matttttttilhtry hitches Arettrete lheeietil tie t mmat lube 0 tetttpnrel Inhe Sheri aseeeiatitiit ll lihere C emmissurel Bundle White itiatter grttttpittg thitt unites the left and right I temispheres quotI ex CDl plltl GallUSllm l Anterier eovtnmieswre l l i Pasterihr E llllj lll iSEillm Forttix i lltthentt lar emitth isettre I Projectile Bundle White tttiitter grtlllpi g that unites cortex with lower parts till the brain 0r Spinal eerd EN internal Camille l l l ilJ EHCFli lE the Hilu lll t Ellltl general l39tmetinn mlquot the basal nuclei liaise ganglia w Helps plan and Ut39llllr l eemplelat patterns of ifimveiiteitt lieltttiee him39erttetlt ititettsitiee tlireetititts and SEQUEllCEi thtthtitiry l lltli r mtwettteitle p rtteeditlrel learning titulirte heht tviurs ttr habits ettgliitiett tlttd ettihtintm lelettlil jl the Inherit tilithe eerehellttttt end the primer litmetinn of each l l lll ii tttt tlnr control voluntary associated with general intelleet Elll lltm l hehevinr speech mitpllt Parietal get terttl Stll ll llc settettry input and iittterpretzttien 39I eittpmttl Httielll Eltltlllltil39 and taste and litterpretatitirt tquot titemery t Speech ittterprelatit ih leeipilztl visual input and interpretation Insulin smelL taste I Describe the structure and function ol the 393 different meninges Dim mater Must dittrtlhle layer el the three different types tit ttteiiihgesl which lays elleseet iii the shrill Pvei iesteal Adheres tn the Skull and to the meningeal layer tlflil dlll mailer Meningeal Clauses infoldings that contains dcoaygenatecl blood from where it splits oflifrom the periosteal layer Arachnoidl Spider web looking material actually collagen li ia Adheres to the brain and into sulci and ssures l Describe the production circulation reabsorption and Function of cerebral spinal uid As said above in K 39ljescribe blood brain barriers role in the protection of the CNS Choroid Plexus Epithelial Connective Epithelial 2 Penetrating Vessels and Astrocytic Processes Endothelial a Basal Lamina connective Slits made by peri rascu39lar feet of the astrocytes filtration L Explain what Functions might be lost if there was damage to any speci c area of the brain we exam and develop empathy for those who may have injured apart oftheilr brain team I Just torque m l ai A clot within the anterior cerebral artery can cause a lack of morement or function within the lower extremities contralaterall A clot within the middle cerebral artery would cause lack of movement or function within face and arm A clot within the posterior cerebral artery would cause Contralateral homonymous hemianopsia Visual agnosia Prosopagnosia Dyslexia Memory detects Topographic Disorientation Disruption of the Frontal lobe could possiny cause loss of voluntary motor control loss oFability to speak emotional behavioral changes changes in general intellect Disruption oil the parietal lobe could possiny cause loss of somatic sense receiving signal and being able to interpret touch Disruption of the temporal lobe coulcl possiny cause loss of hearing smell and taste being able to receive signal and interpret loss of memory loss of speech perception and recognition Disruption of the occipital lobe could possibly cause loss of sight or not being able to interpret things that are visible to the human eye Disruption of the insular lobe couldl possibly cause loss oftaste loss of smell unable to obtain information from visceral receptors unable to obtain information from autonomic systems 4 39ul39lnl illlnmnge tn the diurn WJHIE I39 wnnld nnnnn n digrnp iinn In wnnns i inw ni demygennted hllnnd brick in the hean n39nnid cnnm n disruption in the brain if it warn tn he nnpnsed in the irnicr nknllll Within the rinrn Damage In Hit nrnci innid matter Inns ni39miizrgcn In strengthen Ins ninmrini minim brnin Damage tn pin rl39imtnr damage In the nerc hrurn unnsildcring than i niihnres clusnsl in the brain Damage in he nir39achlmid granliilnliirnm Innis ni i Innveineni MESquot Damage to choroid News inw CSI nr39nntinn nnd mnvernenl Dnn39mge In Him hasn nucleus nrhnn rnnnnxidu nnininning drug awardinan head injury infectian iivnr disease rnntnimiic pmhl nn rm r nnl iipliie sc ernsis pni enning i illil CUPPL T i39nnngnnnse nr nthnr herer I39neinlsi SidE Eff ts th l i in nmedinniinnn Stirnkn lnnmrn Damage In the cerebeli mn causes Ionic ul mnlnr nnnlrni Damage In the lunar E IIISESE D iHlUrlinnn n vininnn nndi hueairing inability In feel pninq ahnnrmnliy inw serntnnin Ennis which ina iy icnd in Mailings nf dcnrnnninn inability in inning nnd Vininnmn innhilily m slieep or wakes inns ni39henringq vininn taste nnd lunch dnnhie visian lth pnrniysin impaired mnrdinniinn nnrl rnrwemenL sinn pup ruspnnnn Inns n quot bladder EUHH UL nrnnsnl riginl39imminn cmnn Damage In the midinrnin causes HUSH nif39 Vininn liarraring mntnr s ine pr Wake mansall emperature inguintinn Damage in the niednliln nbinngnln niny cause Mn i085 Infnihiliiny in breathe swallow and fnnntinn nfhcnr l rnlnl Chapter 4U ii Him mucussmm remgnim amp differentiate bmween W 1 quotP i39m Signs SFWI M ms of a f lf i r 39I M lli ll w Mrnnmnlic brain injury nr Brain injury canand by hinrncuhnnica il rum5 itplzitilmphyninlngical process affecting this brain It MAY JR MAY NUI M I Hli 138 OF CONSCIOUSN ii Explain pntnntiai mechanisms nfinjury MIN fur a nnncnssinn Harri hit tn the head face neck Mint nnnid have Force lirnnsmitted In head iii Explain the challenges associated with assessing nnncussinn using standard imaging techniques 21rd s trmlnrni nmirnirnaging study n39lctinn is disrupted nn t structure Nu nhrmri nniit is seen nzn stand in nuInn nmpmhy I39n39r wrsnnn having suffered trnunmlic brain injury Ulilim the Mini quotnl misuan nfn mnrnssinn in apply newly acquired krmwlle ge throughout the remnimlm of the IEII NL
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