Psychology of Diversity
Psychology of Diversity PSYC 250
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This 2 page Study Guide was uploaded by Gerardo Little on Monday October 19, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to PSYC 250 at Radford University taught by Staff in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 15 views. For similar materials see /class/224726/psyc-250-radford-university in Psychlogy at Radford University.
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Date Created: 10/19/15
Exam 11 Study Guide Psychology of Diversity Fall 2004 The examination will consist of approximately 3035 multiple choice questions Also there will be at least 10 matching items 2 pt each Finally there will be 4 to 6 potential essay questions on the exam You must answer 2 of them 10 pts each One question is mandatory For the remaining question you will have some choice about what you answer You are responsible for all material presented in class and Chapters 4 5 amp 7 the gender part of Blaine and HampB ch 9 297301 309325 The material covered is approximately 12 from lecture and 12 from the book You may notice that there really is not a whole lot of direct overlap between the two though much of the logic and basis of the arguments is quite similar You will need to carefully read each book chapter and familiarize your self with the major concepts often indicated by italicized words bulletednumbered lists and highlighted text boxes Use the questions below to help focus your studying Note that though you could provide single word answers to many of the questions doing so will not sufficiently prepare you for this examination Prejudice Blaine Ch 4 amp Lecture Materials 1 How does Gordon Alport Define Prejudice How does your instructor define prejudice 2 What are positive and negative prejudice Why are positive prejudices still problematic 3 What does your instructor mean when he says Prejudice is the spoiled fruit that grows from the cognitive vine It sprouts from a kernel of truth among the weeds of distortion It is fertilized by existential fear and the drive for self enhancement 4 How does prejudice enhance self esteem What is Social Identity Theory and how does it explain prejudice regarding outgroups What is BIRGing Basking in Re ected Glory 5 How does positive selfesteem facilitate prejudice What is relative deprivation 6 What is Terror Management Theory What is a world view and how does it protect us against death symbolic and physical What is the Mortality Salience Paradigm What happens to social judgements when one s mortality is made salient to them 7 What is Modern Prejudice How does modern prejudice differ from old fashioned prejudice 8 How can we measure prejudice when people are motivated to conceal it What is the Bogus Pipeline What is the Bonafide Pipeline What types of research paradigms have been offered as bonafide pipeline methods and how do they work e g outgroup homogeneity measures lexical decision IAT etc 9 What is automatic prejudice When are automatic prejudices most likely to in uence our thinking How is automatic prejudice demonstrated in Shelly Taylor s actually it was Susan Fiske but I said Taylor in class good citizen at the mall story where her friend tackles the wrong guy 10 How do personal beliefs differ from stereotypes Ie which one is faster which one is conscious which one requires effort which one uses up cognitive resources 11 What was Muzafer Sherif s Robber s Cave Study What did it indicate about group con ict including ways of increasing and decreasing it 11 What is Alport s 1954 Contact Hypothesis What did Alport believe would result from increased contact with outgroup individuals What limitations have been found to affect the effectiveness of contact Why does contact reduce prejudice 12 What is the Self Regulation view of prejudice reduction What aspect of prejudice is it trying to combat and how does it work Gender amp Sexual Orientation Blaine Ch 5 Ch 7 amp HampB Ch 9 p 297301 309325 and Gender Lecture 1 What problems are associated with de ning sex and gender as biological and social processes respectively What solution to this problem does Kay Deaux offer 2 What types of genetic and physical variations are there that challenge the notion that sex re ects a discrete and mutually exclusive dichotomy 3 Even though Women make up a majority of the population why can they be considered a Minority 4 What evidence is there that women are underrepresented within positions of status and power What are the Glass Ceiling the Sticky Floor and Glass Escalator 5 How do men and women in america differ with respect to salaries and wealth in general 6 What is Sexism How has sexism been supported within the JudeoChristian religious tradition and by western science Bonus Who are Susan B Anthony Lucretia Coffin Mott and Elizabeth Cady Stanton be specific look them up on the web 7 What are Benevolent and Hostile sexism as presented in the Ambivalent Sexism Scale What are the three components of Benevolent Sexism 8 What are the stereotypic traits associated with men and women Why are such stereotypes problematic 9 What is Sandra Bem s measure of gender roles what does it re ect and what categories of gender roles does it identify and how 10 What is Gender Bias how is it re ected in stereotypes research and medical and psychiatric perspectives handout and ch 5 11 Are men and women different with respect to intellectual skills helpfulness and empathy aggression and gullibilitysusceptibility to in uence 12 How do stereotypes contribute to people s tendency to exaggerate gender differences 13 What socialization processes contribute to exaggerating perceived gender differences What is Deaux amp Major s Social Interaction Model How do social roles exaggerate perceived gender differences What in uence do the family schools and media have on exaggerating perceived gender differences 14 What are Independent and Interdependent SelfConstruals and how do they related to perceived gender differences 15 What did to Nancy Signorielli s study of MTV commercials demonstrate about media portrayals of female stereotypes What have previous studies of TV and Gender Stereotypes demonstrated 16 LGBT issues What definitions were presented for the various LGBT groups What models for the dimensions of attraction have been applied to sexual orientation What is the distinction between the essentialist and the social constructionist views of sexual orientation 17 LGBT issues among minorities How are homosexualsbisexuals who are minorities treated by the dominant culture by the LGBT community and by their own minority groups How is homosexualitybisexuality viewed within different minority groups What is the current state of research on homosexualsbisexuals who are members of minority groups 18 What was the main point of the documentary Paris is Burning Or if you read the Four Renditions article what was the main point of that article with respect to gender homosexuality and cross dressing Similarly what course concepts were re ected in either of these works
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