PSYCH RESEARCH I
PSYCH RESEARCH I PSYC 201
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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Ozella Cassin on Monday October 19, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to PSYC 201 at Radford University taught by Staff in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 45 views. For similar materials see /class/224724/psyc-201-radford-university in Psychlogy at Radford University.
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Date Created: 10/19/15
Observational Study amp Report Guide 80 pts As a class the students will design a study that employs observational methodology See Cosby Chapter 7 Your grade on this project will consist of the following 3 components I Introduction with 4 rima references 15 ts Due 106 Dr Aspelmeier s office before 200 pm Using the How to Write and Introduction in APA Format Without Developing an Overwhelming urge to Kill turn in a Title Page and a four to ve paragraph introduction that 1 clearly states the research question and relevant background information that sets up the research question 2 integrates the general findings of the 4 articles presented in the summaries be sure to include citations 3 critically evaluates the strengths and limitations of the relevant studies 4 clearly states the rationale what makes the present study important how the independent and dependent variables will be operationalized and the hypotheses of the study The introduction should be typed and double spaced with 1 inch margins This paper must conform to the style described in the fifth edition of The P 39 quot quot Manual ofthe American P 39 39 39 39 Association Mechanics and grammar are as important as content Finally turn in a reference list in APA format of all the articles you have obtained II Data Collection 115 ptsl Due 104 no later than 500 pm Following the procedures outlined in the Observational Study Data Collection Guide forthcoming each student will observe participants record the data enter the data into an SPSS data file and submit copies of the original data sheets you keep the originals and email the file as an attachment to drfaulkneradfordedu Also be sure you have a copy of the file saved on your H drive III Final Report 150 pts Due 1020 Each student will turn in a thoroughly proofread and revised version of the paper This paper should be typed 5 6 pages excluding the grading rubric title page abstract references appendices tables figures double space with linch margins and the introduction should show evidence of revisions and attempts to include of editorial suggestions made by the instructor This paper must conform to the style described in the fourth edition of The P 39 quot quot Manual ofthe American P 39 39 39 39 A ociatinn 39 39 and grammar are as important as content Papers will be graded on both aspects The paper should also show evidence of proofreading and corrections Your paper should include the following things in this order lSurvey Study Final Report Grading Rubric 2 Title Page 3 Abstract 4 Revised Introduction 5 Method 6 Results following the Observational Study Data Analysis Plan Guide Forthcoming 7 Discussion Summary of the study and Critique of the methodological strengths and weakness of the proposed study 8 Conclusions suggestions for future directions in theory and research 9 References at least 4 primary sources 10 Appropriate appendices tables and figures if necessary 11 Attach SPSS output for all analyses 12 Attach the original previously graded introduction the one with the grade and editorial comments on it W1 1 Though all students will be writing reports based on the same project it is expected that each student s report will be unique and solely the product that student s efforts Though you may work with other students be sure that your paper is your own 2 In the extremely unlikely event that your paper is missing or has been accidentally lost or destroyed make sure that you have a hard copy of the paper AND a backup disk in addition to the copy that you turn in This is your record of having completed the assignment and will be used to replace the missing copy If you do not have a backup it will be your responsibility to redo the paper 3 With the exception of statistics homework problems all written work must be typed and double spaced with 1 inch margins and 12 pt typeface and must conform to the style described in the fifth edition of W Psychological Association Handwritten work and other work found unacceptable due to format grammar or lack of proofreading will not be accepted and will be returned for revision Revisions submitted within one week of return will be accepted with a 10 grade reduction Revisions submitted after the one week deadline will be awarded 0 pts PSYC 201 Psychological Research I Study Guide for EXAM 1 Fall 2007 METH Chaps 1 2 4 amp 6 The exam will be part objective multiple choice and matching and part essay This exam will be an inclass closedbook exam For optimal performance read the chapters outline the chapters and or create ashcards of terms understand the homework assignments and answer all of the questions on the Study Guide be sure you use the lecture notes as well as the textbook to do this The essay part of the exam will come directly from the questions at the back of each chapter in the section titled Review Questions the Homework Assignments and from the extra questions provided below If I make a change to the Review Questions from the text I have bolded it Chapter 1 1 Why is it important for anyone in our society to have knowledge of research methods 2 Why is scienti c skepticism useful in furthering our knowledge of behavior How does the scienti c approach differ from other ways of gaining knowledge about behavior 3 Provide definitions and examples of description prediction determination of cause and explanation as goals of scientific research 4 How does basic research differ from applied research 5 Describe the characteristics of the way that science works according to Goodstein 2000 Chapter 2 1 What must be included in a hypothesis to make it a testable hypothesis 2 What is the distinction between a hypothesis and a prediction 3 Explain the two functions of a theory 4 Describe the difference in the way that past research is found when you use PsycINFO versus the key article method of the Science Citation IndeJVSocial Sciences Citation Index 5 What information does the researcher communicate in each of the sections of a research article Activity Questions Identify a consistent behavior pattern in yourself or somebody close to you eg you consistently get into an argument with your sister on Friday nights Generate two possible theories explanations for this occurrence eg because you work long hours on Friday you re usually stressed and exhausted when you get home because your sister has a chemistry quiz every Friday aftemoon and she s not doing well in the course she is very irritable on Fridays How would you gather evidence to determine which explanation might be correct How might each explanation lead to dilTerent approaches to changing the behavior pattern either to decrease or increase its occurrence Chapter 4 1 What is a variable List at least ve different variables and then specify the levels of each variable 2 Define operational definition of a variable Give at least two operational definitions of the variables you thought of in the previous review question 3 Distinguish among positive linear negative linear and curvilinear relationships 4 What is the difference between the nonexperimental method and the experimental method 5 What is the difference between an independent variable and a dependent variable 6 Distinguish between laboratory and field experiments 7 What is meant by the problem of direction of cause and effect and the thirdvariable problem 8 How do direct experimental control and randomization in uence the possible effects of extraneous variables 9 What are some reasons for using the nonexperimental method to study relationships between variables lODescribe the three elements for inferring causation de ne the criteria for causality 11 What is meant by a necessary and suf cien cause Activity Questions The limitations of nonexperimental research were dramatically brought to the attention of the public by the results of an experiment on the effects of postmenopausal hormone replacement therapy part of a larger study known as the Women s Health Initiative An experiment is called a clinical trial in medical research In the clinical trial participants were randomly assigned to receive either the hormone replacement therapy or a placebo no hormones The hormone replacement therapy consisted of estrogen plus progestin In 2002 the investigators concluded that women taking the hormone replacement therapy had a higher incidence of heart disease than did the women in the placebo no hormones condition At that point they stopped the experiment and informed both the participants and the public that they should talk with their physicians about the advisability of this therapy The nding dramatically contrasted with the results of noneXperimental research in which women taking hormones had a lower incidence of heart disease in these studies researchers compared women who were already taking the hormones with women not taking hormones a What was the independent variable in the study b What was the dependent variable in the study c Why do you think the results were di erent with the experimental research and the noneXperimental research Chapter 6 l N E 4 Equot 0 What is naturalistic observation How does a researcher collect data when conducting naturalistic observation research Why are the data in naturalistic observation research likely to be qualitative Distinguish between participant and nonparticipant observation between concealed and nonconcealed observation What is systematic observation Why are the data from systematic observation primarily quantitative Different types of observation studies serve different purposes What is the primary purpose served by naturalistic observation systematic observation structured observation and a eld experiment What is a coding system What are some important considerations when developing a coding system Describe 2 factors that decrease interobserver reliability and 2 factors that increase interobserver reliablity What is a case study When are case studies used What is a psychobiography What is archival research What are the major sources of archival data What is content analysis
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