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Cognitive Psychology Exam 1

by: Emily Brandenburg

Cognitive Psychology Exam 1 PSY2310

Marketplace > Psychlogy > PSY2310 > Cognitive Psychology Exam 1
Emily Brandenburg
Cognitive Psychology
Professor Barcus

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About this Document

This is a detailed study guide for the material covered in exam one
Cognitive Psychology
Professor Barcus
Study Guide
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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Emily Brandenburg on Sunday January 11, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to PSY2310 at a university taught by Professor Barcus in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 365 views.


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Date Created: 01/11/15
Cognitive Psychology Barcus Exam 1 Review D What is the Mind 1 The mind creates and controls mental functions such as perception attention memory emotions language thinking and reasoning 2 The mind is a system that creates representations of the world so that we can act within it to achieve our goals D The People 1 Galen a 4 uids blood phlegm choler and black bile b Mental facilities are situated in the ventricles of the brain 2 Decartes a Brain is a hydrolic device b Cartesian Dualism the mind and brain are independent of each other 3 Galvani a Nerves work through conduction of electricity 4 Golgi amp Cajal a Looked at the structure of neurons amp structures of the brain 5 Freud a The mind is composed of conscious amp unconscious 6 Gail a Phrenology studies of bumps on the skull b When a bump was felt it was associated with a characteristic D What is right regarding how the brain operates 0 Based on the most complicated piece of technology that exists at that point in time 1 Video recorder can t be correct because our memory is not good enough 2 Computer can t be correct because we are not able to delete things 3 The conclusion is that the brain is a special purpose machine that uses information to construct the present amp predicts the future D Methods for Studying the Mind 0 We are trying to study something that is not tangible 0 We look at the behaviors of physical entities 1 Wundt a Analytic lntrospection 2 Watson a Criticized Wundt analytical introspection and said look at something observable 3 Skinner a Operant conditioning which is a example of behaviorism 4 Chomsky a Method is cognitive psychology 5 Karl Popper a Conformation Bias correct hypothesis has to be falsi able b To be scienti c you have to ask the right questions Rei cation of Constructs 0 Thinking about a construct as if it were a concrete entity Empirical methods for Studying the Unobservable 1 Reaction time experiments 2 Percent of correct responses 3 Neurophysiological EEG PetSCAN and FMRI What is Cognition 0 Internal states amp episodes 0 Physically embodied 0 Analyzing introspection would lead to understanding the structure of the brainmind Problems with structuralism amp analytical introspection according to Watson 1 Extremely variable results from person to person 2 Results dif cult to verify invisible inner mental processes Classical Conditioning 0 Little Albert Watson 0 Operant Conditioning Skinner Reinforcers increase the frequency of behavior and punishers decrease the frequency of behavior Behaviorist Model 0 Mind is a black box we only care about the input and the output Language development 0 Skinner imitate speech amp correct speech is rewarded o Chomsky universal language through imitation amp reinforcement inborn program Ebbinghaus memory forgetting o Read list of nonsense syllables aloud many times to determine the number of repetitions necessary to repeat without errors Early Psychology Experiments 1 Donders a Measuring how long a cognitive process takes savings is a function of retention interval b Measure interval between stimulus presentation amp person s response to stimulus Tolman s Rat Experiment 0 Cognitive map Rejected behaviorism What do early experiments have in common 0 They are based on the idea that mental responses can be inferred from the participants behavior Computer Model amp Information Processing Approach 1 Input storage output 2 The Turing Machine a The hypothetical device that illustrates that different kinds of physical entities can perform the same complex computations Cognitive Neuroscience 1 Neurons a Axons dendrites and cell body b Communicate through electrical processes action potentials and chemicals processes at the synapse c STIMULUS INTENSITY IS REPRESENTED BY THE RATE OF FIRING 2 Localization in the brain a Occipital visual processing b Temporal auditory amp perceptual processing language memory hearing perceiving forms c Parietal touch temperature pressure and pain d Frontal reasoning amp planning Fusiform Face Area FFA o Damage causes prosopagnosia 0 Located on underside of temporal lobe Parahippocampal Place Area PPA o Responds to speci c places 0 Information about special layout is important 0 In temporal lobe Extrastriate Body Area EBA o Responds speci cally to pictures of bodies 0 Located in the occipital lobe Feature detectors 0 Neurons that respond best to a speci c stimuli o Neural code patterns of neural ring which represent environmental stimuli


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