Midterm Study Guide- First Powerpoint
Midterm Study Guide- First Powerpoint BIOL 103 - 03
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BIOL 103 - 03
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This 28 page Study Guide was uploaded by Megan Spees on Tuesday October 20, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to BIOL 103 - 03 at University of Indianapolis taught by Nelson H. Kraus in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 372 views. For similar materials see Principles of Human Anatomy in Biology at University of Indianapolis.
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Date Created: 10/20/15
Midterm Study Guide Midterm Study Guide Midterm Study Guide LSM Questions Vlaterial Power Point Material Lab Material Markings and Openings of Bones Bone markings openings enlargements Openings stuff runs through ArteriesNeinsMerves Enlargement stuff hooks on TendonsLigaments FourTypes Articulating Surfaces Condyle Facet Head Trochlea Depressions Alveoli Fossa Sulcus Projections for tendon and ligaments Crest Epicondyle Line Trochanter Bone markings and landmarks Conny 0 1M quotcornHal Comm Inc Dominion mound to reproduction or display l39oc39urlo39 r i maven i mquot l i 1 Yxxvas itscm 39 r P39uccss Rx 39 LquotT quot v intendo i g l a 953 V 39 tum W 39 u r l I Inc3130 1 l d r quot quot039 39u 10 km I 4 I 39 i A i I x u i 391 r 1 I V 39t quot I39 3quot PM Still whom nu SI I Start ants UN CIUC rI3939 CN rm LN raven Ra s Midterm Study Guide Openings and Spaces Canal Fissure Foramen Meatus The cranial bones Surrounds and protects the brain Provide attachment sites for several jaw head and neck muscles The articulation between the right and left parietal bones is formed by the Sagittal suture Which characteristic feature of sacral vertebrae represent the remnants of the horizontal lines of fusion between the five vertebrae Transverse ridges Which cerebral lobe is housed within the anterior cranial fossa Frontal lobe Naming of Muscles Origin and Insertion Action Body Region Size Shape Orientation Number of Origins Terms used in naming muscles according to shape Rhomboid Deltoid Trapezius Which muscles end in the suffix glossus meaning tongue Extrinsic tongue muscles The attachment sites of the sternocleidomastoid muscle include Sternum mastoid process clavicle Midterm Study Guide The gluteus maximus muscle gets its name from which categories for naming muscles Muscle size specific region Categories used in naming of the extensor radialis longus muscle muscle action specific body region muscle shape The SCM gets its name from which category for naming muscles Muscle attachments Categories used in naming of deltoid muscle Muscle shape Bones of the Head and Neck Skull Cranial vault facial bones mandible Cranial Vault Frontal parietal occipital temporal sphenoid Facial Bones Mandible maxillae zygomatic bones vomer nasal bones inferior nasal conchae lacrimal bones palatine bones Neck Vertebrae hyoid Joints TMJ is only moveable joint in skull remaining bones are fused with sutures Sutures lmmobile joints between bones of the skull Coronal suture Frontal bone 93mm b quot Sphenoid bone Temporal bone gt Ethmoid bone zglzioid Lacrimal bone Squamous suture N 39 b0 asa ne Occipital bone Zygomatic process zygomatic bone Maxille External auditory meatus quotBudd P39Oce Alveolar margins Styloid process Mandible body Mental loramen Mandibular ramus Midterm Study Guide Coronal suture Frontal bone Parietal bono Nasal bone Sphonoid bone Temporal bone Optic canal Elhmold bone Lacrimal bone Zygomatlc bone Middle nasal concha ol olhmold bone Maxilla Inferior natal concha Vomcr Mandle 1 Alveolar margins The facial bones of the skull Provide attachment sites for the facial muscles form part of the orbit and nasal cavities give shape and individuality to the face Which parts of the skull are formed by the zygomatic bones Lateral wall of orbit cheek The zygomatic arch is formed by the fusion of the zygomatic process of the temporal bone to the process of the zygomatic bone Temporal Midterm Study Guide Which parts of the skull help form the lateral wall of the nasal complex Lacrimal bones ethmoid bone maxillae inferior nasal conchae Which part of the rib articulates with the bodies of the thoracic vertebrae Head Which facial bone does CNVII pass through Stylomastoid foramen Foramen that penetrates the greater wings of the sphenoid bone Foramen ovale foramun rotundum foramen spinosum Bones of the Orbit Provides a stable and enclosed environment for the eyeball Orbit eye socket The palatine bone is relatively small and difficult to see Frontal e i Palatine Midterm Study Guide Parts of the ethmoid bone Superior nasal conchae middle nasal conchae The process of the maxillae and the palatine bone make up the hard palate Palatine Lateral wall of the orbit is formed by Zygomatic process of the frontal bone orbital surface of the zygomatic bone greater wing of the sphenoid bone Areas formed in part by the ethmoid bone nasal septum floor of the cranium medial wall of the orbit roof of the nasal cav y Which part of the palatine bone articulates anteriorly with the palatine process of the maxilla to form the hard palate Horizontal plate Olfactory nerves CN1 pass through cribriform foramina in the cribriform plate of the Ethmoid bone The thin pointed process located on the posteroinferior surface of the temporal bone is called the process Styloid The medial wall of the orbit is formed by Frontal process of the maxilla orbital plate of the ethmoid bone lacrimal bone Maxillae ethmoid frontal and sphenoid bone contain air filled chambers known asthe Paranasal sinuses Parts of the skull that help to form the roof superior border of the nasal complex Frontal bone sphenoid bone cribriform plate of ethmoid bone Midterm Study Guide C1 Atlas articulate occipital condyles Are smaller ighter and carry less weight 1011 lbs Transverse foramina ID key Vertebral prominens Actions flexion extension hyperextension rotation of head ANTIQUOR NECKL MUEle autoi 39 YIANBWtSt bonanza M Hula Pn0 t taunts quotlocus Vt YIMAL pouncequot lllanN un POS IBIIOR ARCH 39 V mrfn huh 390 le TUBIRCL WIIEBRR NIQICN NWIOOC MTVZULM PACCI39 390 C3 POBYEIIOR ARCH SW05 ROCKS Midterm Study Guide The axis CZ contains a prominent process called the which acts as a pivot for the rotation of both the atlas and skull dens Bones of Thoracic Vertebrae 12 Rib cage limited flexibility Costal facets ribs joints Spinous process point inferiorly SuperiOr articular process Superior articular Transverse process process Transverse costal beet or tubercle of rib lntervertebral disc Body Spinous process Inferior articular process NorerherswenoremcMarprocessesmmror mmmmwaemmeachom Midterm Study Guide Bones of the Lumbar Vertebrae Large Increased support L5 gt Sacrum L1L5 supports posture IE hunched over to straightened back Lordosis Abnormal curvature non pathologic lambquot Vanbu top lcw Ventbnl tonnes Imucm39 Pcdlclt pm Bod MMC I998 Midterm Study Guide Basics of the Lumbar Spine Lumbar Spine MRI of Normal Spine Woman om lntervertebral Discs Fibrocartilage of inner ring decreases with age herniated disc Herniated disc pressure on spinal nerves The are pads of fibrocartilage separation adjacent vertebral bodies lntervertebral discs Muscles of the Head and Neck Occipitalis forehead wrinkle Epicranius Epicranial aponeurosis top of head Frontalis Forehead IO 11 Midterm Study Guide Occipitalis Back of head y v Til l vquot Sternocleidomastoid Origin ManubriumClavicle Insertion Mastoid Process Trapezius moving and stabilizing scapula extending head at neck Origin spinous process of vertebrae C1T12 Insertion posterior border of lateral third of the clavicle Midterm Study Guide MUMC mmbmm Which muscle compresses the cheek against the teeth as in chewing when it contracts Buccinator muscle Muscles of mastication Lateral and medial pterygoid muscles masseter muscle temporalis muscle Which muscle elevates and retracts the mandible during mastication Temporalis muscle Which muscle elevates and protracts the mandible during mastication masseter muscle The inferior funnel shaped tube that lies behind the oral and nasal cavities is the Pharynx The muscles of the anterior neck that are superior to the hyoid bone are called Suprahyoid muscles In general the infrahyoid muscles function to Depress the hyoid bone 12 Midterm Study Guide Muscles that move the head and neck insert on Stemocleldomastold the bones of Subscapulatts the cranium Deltoid The anterolateral neck muscles 0393393 major function to Flex the head a 3 39 gt 1 us anterior Biceps brachil V 39 v 39 and neck List the pharyngeal 39 trcu muscle constrictors from inner most to outermost Superior constrictor middle constrictor inferior constrictor Which muscle retracts and depresses the tongue Hypoglossal muscle The primary pharyngeal muscles are the pharyngeal Constrictors Which statements correctly describe the digastric muscle Attaches to the mastoid portion of the temporal bone depresses the mandible has 2 bellies attaches to the hyoid bone Function of the scalene muscles flexion of neck extension of first and second ribs The four paired muscles of mastication are the a broad fan shaped muscle the a short thick muscle amp the lateral and medial Temporalis masseter pterygoids What are the functions of the medial and lateral pterygoid muscles 13 14 Midterm Study Guide Move mandible side to side during chewing protract the mandible Anterior belly of digastric gt Mandibular division of CNV Trigeminal nerve Geniohyoid gt First cervical spinal nerve C1 via CNXII Hypoglossal nerve Stylohyoid gt CNVII Facial nerve Sternothyroid gt Cervical spinal nerves C1C3 Bilateral contraction of the SCM muscles function to Flex the neck The dome shaped muscle that separates the thoracic cavity from the abdominopelvic cavity is the Diaphragm Which extrinsic tongue muscles are innervated by the hypoglossal nerve Styloglossus muscle genioglossus muscle hyoglossus muscle Bilateral contraction of the splenius captious splenius cervices semispinalis capitas and longissmus capitas causes Extension of the neck Which muscle elevates and retracts the tongue when it contracts Styloglossus muscle Muscles of The Face Orbicularis oris Kissing muscle Orbicularis oculi Blink and close Transverse nasalis Flaring nostrils Superficial Masseter chewing Procerus pulls Midterm Study Guide eyebrows down Temporalis closes the jaw Masseter chewing muscle Muscles of Mastication Temporalis Masseter Strongest Medial and Lateral Pterygoid Facial Expressions Depressor anguli oris frown Orbicularis oculi blinkclose eyes Zygomaticus major smile Orbicularis oris close mouthkiss Frontal belly of occipitofrontalis wrinkle forehead raise eyebrows Platysma tense skin of neck Which of the following are considered extrinsic eye muscles Superior oblique muscles inferior rectus muscle medial rectus muscle Which muscle attaches to the anteromedial surface of the eye and pulls the eye medially Medial rectus muscle Which muscle attaches to the anterosuperior part of the sclera and pulls the eye superiorly when it contracts Superior rectus muscle Which muscle inserts on the posterolateral part of the eye elevate the eye and turns the eye laterally when in contracts Inferior oblique muscle Repressor anguli oris Frowning 15 Midterm Study Guide Orbicularis oculi Blinking Zygomatic major Smiling Obicularis oris Kissing Frontal belly of occipitalfrontalis Raising eyebrows Platysma Tensing of skin of neck Which cranial nerves innervate the extrinsic eye muscles III IV VI Muscles of the Back Trapezius stabilizes and moves scapula Latissimus Dorsi swimmer s muscle allows the arm to extend adducts and medially rotates the arm Rhomboid Major pulls scapula inwards when trapezius is contracted helps stabilize scapula 16 Midterm Study Guide Deltoid Medially rotates the arm abducts the arm and laterally rotates the arm External Oblique Pulls the chest downwards and compresses the abdominal cavity Comm O MoanHl 600W Pmtsuon Mqu 1 0 0606000 0 08301 a 8quotquot Scam noun3t M1 Barnum 17 Midterm Study Guide The function of the erector spina muscles include Maintenance of posture lateral flexion of vertebral column extension of vertebral column From frontal to medial indicate the order of the following erector spina muscles of the vertebral column llicostalis group longissimus group spinalis group External oblique Inserts on linea alba by a broad aponeurosis and some to the iliac crest Internal oblique Inserts on linea alba pubic crest inferior rib surfaces of last 4 ribs and costal cartilages of ribs 810 Transversus abdominis Originates from the iliac crest the cartilages of the 6 inferior ribs the lumbar fascia and inguinal ligament Rectus abdominis Originates from the superior surface of the pubis near the symphysis Which muscle superiorly rotate the scapula Trapezius serratus anterior The scapula is depressed by contraction of The trapezius and pectorals minor Posterior thoracic muscles that move the pectoral girdle Trapezius levator scapulae rhomboid major and minor Describes location of latissimus dorsi Posterior of body inferior part of the back 18 Midterm Study Guide Contraction of the minor and major rhomboids results in which of the following movements of the scapula lnferiorly rotate elevate and retract Which of the following correctly describes the location of the rhomboids both minor and major Deep to the trapezius posterior thoracic muscles inferior to the elevator scapulae Prime movers of the glenohumeral joint are the Latissimus dorsi and pectoralis major Prime mover of the extension of the arm is Latissimus dorsi Summarizes the movements of the glenhumeral joint that occur with contraction of the latissimus dorsi extension adduction medial rotation Muscles of the Chest Pecs 2 major muscles of chest Pectoralis Major Thick layer Pectoralis Minor Thin layer under major lntercostals External lntercostal Elevates the ribs during inspiration Internal lntercostal Depresses the ribs during expiration Serratus Anterior 19 Midterm Study Guide Originates on the surface of the 1st to 8th ribs at the side of the chest Boxers muscle Sternocleidomastoid LARGEST and most superficial cervical muscle Rotation of the head and flexion of the neck Diaphragm Forms a partitions between the thoracic and abdominal cavities ISUPERFICIALI Pectoralis Minor Pectoralis Maior Serratus Anterio Serratus Anterior External Intercostal Internal Intercostal I 20 21 Midterm Study Guide Anterior thoracic muscle that protracts and depresses the scapula is the Pectoralis minor Which muscles move the glenohumeral joint and originate on the axial skeleton Pectoralis major latissimus dorsi Location of the pectoralis major Anterior of body covers superior portion of thorax Movements of the glenohumeral joint that occur with contraction of the pectoralis major Adduction of the arm medial rotation of the arm flexion of the arm Movements of the glenohumeral joint that occur with contraction of the coracobrachialis Adduction of the arm flexion of the arm Contraction of the long head of the biceps brachii results in a single type of movement of the glenohumeral joint what type of movement is this Flexion of the arm Serratus anterior Superiorly rotates scapula stabilizes scapula External intercostals eleven pairs of oblique fibers between the ribs project anteroinferiorly Diaphragm Broad muscle separates thoracic and abdominopelvic cavities Serratus posterior inferior Thin intermediate back muscle splits into four separate muscle segments Transversus throacis Inserts on costal cartilages 26 assist in decreasing diameter of thoracic cav y During exhalation muscles of respiration Midterm Study Guide Decrease space of the thoracic cavity Internal intercostals Depress the ribs during forced exhalation When the diaphragm contracts Thoracic space is increased Which muscles of respiration isare innervated by the phrenic nerves 0305 Diaphragm The muscles that assist the serrates posterior superior muscles in expanding the thoracic cavity by elevating the ribs during inhalation are the external intercostals Contraction of external intercostal muscles Expands the thoracic cavity Muscles of respiration are Covered by more superficial muscles that move the upper limb Muscles that move the glenohumeral joint that originate on the scapula Triceps brachii deltoid coracobrachialis biceps brachii teres major Prime mover of scapular protraction is the Serratus anterior The depresses the scapula Pectoralis minor The pectoralis minor is one of the thoracic muscles that moves the pectoral girdle Anterior Contraction of the pectoralis muscle Depresses the scapula and protracts the scapula The serrates anterior differs from the subclavicus and pectorals minor in that 22 Midterm Study Guide It originates on the anterior of the throat but it inserts on the posterior of the thorax Best describes the action of the subclavicus depresses and stabilizes clavicle Muscles that move the pectoral girdle Protract or retract the scapula rotate the scapula inferiorly or superiorly elevate or depress the scapula What happens to the scapula when the levator scapulae contracts Rotated inferiorly elevated Match each group of fibers of the trapezius on the left with the resulting movement Superior elevate scapula superiorly rotate scapula Middle Retract scapula Inferior depresses scapula Movements of the glenohumeral joint that occur with contraction of the coracobrachialis Adduction of the arm flexion of the arm Anterior thoracic muscle that protracts and depresses the scapula is the Pectoralis minor Which muscles move the glenohumeral joint and originate on the axial skeleton Pectoralis major Latissimus dorsi Location of pectoralis major Anterior of body covers superior portion of thorax Movements of glenohumeral joint that occur with contraction of the pectorals major Adduction of the arm medial rotation of the arm flexion of the arm 23 Midterm Study Guide The angle of the scapula is found between the superior and medial border The angle of the scapula is found between the medial and lateral border Superior Inferior The conoid tubercle is found near the end of the clavicle acromial Which two structures connect the clavicle and scapula Acromion acromial end The clavicle is located between these two bones the and the Sternum and scapula What are the functions of the pectoral girdle Provide attachment sites for muscles promote upper limb mobility A pectoral girdle consists of two bones the And the Clavicle and Scapula Borders of the scapula Lateral superior medial The number of bones in each upper limb is bones 30 Which scapular border is closest to the axilla Lateral The gleaned cavity is part of the girdle and the acetabeulim is part of the girdle Pectoral pelvic The bony ridge on the posterior side of the scapula is called the Spine The spine of the scapula is continuous with the acromion 24 Midterm Study Guide Movements of the glenohumeral joint that occur with contraction of the teres major Medial rotation of the arm adduction of the arm extension of the arm The serratus anterior Superiorly rotates the scapula stabilizes the scapula Anterior muscles that move the pectoral girdle originate all of the posterior muscles have a point of origin On the ribs on the vertebrae Anatomically muscles that move the pectoral girdle are classified as Anterior posterior or thoracic The subclavicus originates on and inserts on the Rib 1 clavicle Pectoralls major Roctus abdominis Transversus abdominls Internal ob que External ob quo Aponourosls b I I thmogo 9 Midterm Study Guide Muscles of the Abdomen Rectus abdominis 6 pack prime mover for flexion of the torso Internal oblique extends thoracic cavity by working with the diaphragm and bends the body side to side also the prime mover in trunk rotation External oblique prime mover in lateral flexion Linea alba support and divides fetus abdominis into right and left halves Transversus abdominis gives thoracic and pelvic stability helps a woman deliver her child also used in forceful expiration of air from lungs Anterior Abdominal Aponeurosis ties the abdominals muscles to the pectoral girdle via the linea alba The anterolateral abdominal muscles include The transversus abdominis muscle the external and internal oblique muscles The rectus abdominis muscles of the abdominal wall are enclosed within a fibrous sleve called the and consists of right and left portions that are united by a vertical fibrous band called the rectus sheath and linea alba A is a condition that occurs when a portion of the intestines protrude through a weakened point in the abdominal wall Hernia Deep to the erector spinae a group of muscles collectively called the muscles connect and stabilize the vertebrae Transversospinalis Practical Material Skull gt label parietal frontal occipital temporal frontal bone coronal suture parietal eminence lamboid suture squamous suture Zygomatic arch Mandible 26 Midterm Study Guide Styloid Process SCM rotates head Know where it is on model Platysma muscle freight muscle looks like someone is scared Left pectoral major 6Pack gt rectus abdomens Gastrocnemius muscle In calf Primary plantar flexor of foot Obicularis oris kissing Obicularis oculi winking Identify vertebral column lumbar and level Identify rib left or right Free sacrum Vertebral column curvatures know normal and abnormal STUDY SKULL WITH COLORED BONES FOR LAB PRACTICAL BONES TO SIDE Six bones need to side Clavicle acromial and sternal ends are on opposite sides sternal is bigger Scapula Use glenoid cavity articulates with head of humerus Humerus Which side the articular head points Ribs Which way anterior view points 27 Femur head of the femur is medial Tibia Be able to identify C1 and 02 in isolation Hamstring group Be able to identify on model Frontal zygomatic maxillary be able to identify 4 knees 68 free bones Rest muscles big stuff Backside of muscle man 28 gluteus maximus easily labeled Side it triceps brachii Deltoid lat Gastrocnemius hamstrings group Trapezius Midterm Study Guide
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