METH OF SOC RESEARCH
METH OF SOC RESEARCH SOCI 220
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This 2 page Study Guide was uploaded by Emil Labadie on Wednesday October 21, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to SOCI 220 at Texas A&M University taught by Staff in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 36 views. For similar materials see /class/225844/soci-220-texas-a-m-university in Sociology at Texas A&M University.
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Date Created: 10/21/15
Study Guide for Final Exam Sociology 220 Research Methods 1 You are responsible for all materials covered in class from le 9 correlation cause and control through and including File 12 evaluating research evidence as well as all readings assigned since the time of the midterm You also will be responsible for all classroom discussion during this time including discussions during the group presentations The nal exam will be similar in style to the midterm Prior students often have informed me however that the nal exam is much harder than the midterm The nal is not strictly cumulative In other words I will not purposely repeat questions from content during the first part of the course However there are many major concepts discussed throughout the course such that if you don t understand the basic concepts you will not understand the more complex ones For that reason you may nd that terms discussed before the midterm will appear on the nal For example we discussed correlation early in the term but we did not discuss causation until later in the term You simply cannot properly understand causation unless you also understand correlation Therefore expect to see many question about correlation on the nal The test will be approximately 40 to 60 multiple choice and or truefalse questions and a shortanswer essay You may have to interpret basic tables diagrams and graphs The test will be given according to the university assigned nal exam schedule see the class web site You will need to bring a gray scantron sheet and a pencil with you If you have a cellphone or similar device you must turn it off and store it in a pocket backpack or purse during the test There is no need for calculators or computers so these should also be off and stored Hints 1 Do not rely entirely on memorizing the class notes I like to word questions in ways that determine whether or not students actually understand the information contained in the notes If you come across something you don t understand don t simply memorize 7 gure it out ask someone see the TA look at the readings etc 2 Try to determine the main points of each assigned reading perhaps the 2 or 3 most important parts I will not ask you for minor details but be prepared to answer questions about the overall purpose of the article This is especially true for articles that I didn t go over in class Expect to see something about each article on the exam even if I didn t mention it during lectures 3 If you got something wrong on a quiz or assignment gure out why it was wrong I may ask the same or a similar question on the midterm If you missed the quiz ask someone about the question asked 4 As mentioned early in the semester I will provide examples stories extra information etc during class Even though there is no reference to this information on the notesoverheads I will make an effort to place questions about this material on the test 5 For the nal you will not need to memorize the names of any of the authors of the assigned readings although it is possible to see one of the author s names in part of a question For example What did Joel Charon argue about the differences between a stereotype and a generalization You should know the following but this list is not all inclusive In other words the following terms and concepts are important and have been discussed but it is certainly possible for test questions to be based upon other material Evaluating the Strength of Research Evidence Understand the positive aspects and the negative aspects of different types of sampling Correlation versus causation and how these concepts are related to research types and sampling methods Longitudinal research and how it is related to making causal statements interpretations Probability versus nonprobability sampling Sample versus population be prepared to explain what is the sample and what is the population if given a research example Sampling unit 7 primary and secondary Unit of Analysis be prepared to explain if given a research example Confidence Interval Sampling Frame Matching Random Sample versus Randomization Experimental research versus survey research and other research types Statistical significance versus large differences versus important differences Understand how to interpret a 2 x 2 table and explain whether or not a correlation exists between the variables Correlation versus Explanation Experiments Random Assignment Experimental amp Control Groups Double Blind Sampling types NonProbability Judgrnental Snowball Quota Haphazard Probability Simple Random Systematic Stratified Multistage amp Cluster Qualitative versus quantitative research 7 pros and cons of each Types of questions each is best at answering Hypotheses 7 how are these supported how are they formulated Generalization Control variables versus Independent variables versus dependent variables What does and does not go in a literature review purposes of a literature review
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