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by: Albertha Ryan


Marketplace > Texas A&M University > History > HIST 106 > HISTORY OF THE U S
Albertha Ryan
Texas A&M
GPA 3.98

Anthony Stranges

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Anthony Stranges
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This 11 page Study Guide was uploaded by Albertha Ryan on Wednesday October 21, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to HIST 106 at Texas A&M University taught by Anthony Stranges in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 41 views. For similar materials see /class/226155/hist-106-texas-a-m-university in History at Texas A&M University.


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Date Created: 10/21/15
History 106 Final Exam Review Chapter 11 0 Costs of the stock market crash 0 Overpriced stocks Total loss 75 billion 0 Credit too easy Borrowing 85 billion 0 Too much fraud in businesses 0 Republican tax cut lowered top tax bracket from 413 to 241 0 Causes of Depression Uneven distribution of wealth O 7 0 Increased tariffs world trade fell 66 in 3 years 0 The New Deal 0 Typical Democratic form of Government 0 Activist form of Government 0 First New Deal I Industrial recovery Indus 0 Agriculture 0 Finance 0 public relief to aid the unemployed 0 Second New Deal People programs 0 Works Progress Administration WPA o Wagner Act or National Relations Act 0 Social Security Chapter 12 0 Feeling in US prior to entrance into WWII 0 led the United States from a tradition of detachment to an involvement in foreign affairs 0 Early 30s I Noninvolvement I Wanted world stability with limited diplomatic involvement and military investment 0 Late 30s I Problems in Germany concentration camps and Japanese empire in China causes awareness of problems and attitude of involvement How does war begin in Europe Hitler invades Poland September 1 1939 Britain and France declare war on Germany on September 3 1939 Germany and Stalin dominate who is left in Europe to stand up to Hitler 0 Britain LendLease Act 0 Approved by Congress on March 11 1941 o Allowed US to provide unlimited aid to Britain and later to the Soviets Japan s Plan 0 Control the Pacific Attack Pearl Harbor United States enters war because ofPearl Harbor The Allied strategy 0 Achieve victory in Europe first then win in Asia against Japan 0 Victory in Europe depended on controlling the continent land war 0 39 ry in the Pacific depended on controlling the seas naval war 0 Two turning points in WWII Africa I Germans headed to middle east for oil Allies defeated Erwin Rommel and the Germans at El Alamein Egypt in November 1942 o Stalingrad I Soviet counterattack at Stalingrad g er 1942 o Soviets lost 11 million troops 0 ans lost 500000 troops o The Manhattan Project controlling nuclear fission and the construction of the atomic bomb 0 Established for construction of atomic bombs on August 13 1942 0 General Leslie Groves assumed command in September 0 Project eventually employed 125000 people 0 Project cost 2 billion 0 US feared Germans were also building atomic bomb but Germans never did Bomb targets 0 Hiro sh ima Nag First Atomic Bomb named Little Bo Dropped on Hiroshima a Japanese military base and industrial center wpopulation of 320000 0 August 6 1946 0 Killed 80000 Japanese 0 Enola Gay the B29 that carried the bomb 0 Second Atomic Bomb named Fat Man Dropped on Nagasaki 0 August 46 0 Killed 45000 Japanese and injured 40000 more 0 Bock s Car the B29 that carried the bomb 0 A er war about 4000 military personnel went to Hiroshima and Nagasaki to clean up the destructed cities and suffered radiation exposure Truman decided to drop bomb so that US would not have to invade Japan and the war would end o Rosenberg o US government convicted Julius and Ethel Rosenberg 0 Guilty of espionage convicted of passing atomic secrets from the Manhattan Project to the Soviets in the 1940s xecuted in Sing Sing Prison in New York in 1953 0 United Nations used to govern world a er war 51 nations established a 5member Security Council United States Britain France Soviet Union and China Communist Chinathe People s Republic of China replaced Nationalist China in 1971 o US did not recognize Communist China the People s Republic of China until Jan 1 1979 o How could the individual succeed in postWorld War II society 0 Acquire a skill Death of a Salesman by Arthur Miller 0 Failed salesman commits suicide hoping the insurance money will propel his sons to greatness 0 Search for basic values 00 Chapter 13 o Truman succeeded Roosevelt Truman made decision to drop bomb 0 Truman is predicted to lose because of a 3way split in Democratic Party 0 Truman Wins Democrats regain control of House and Senate 0 Containment Polic Introduced by George Kennan US has to stop spread of communism o Truman Doctrine and Marshall Plan resulted o Truman Doctrine ruman addressed Congress and announced 400 million in aid to Turkey and Greece to prevent a communist takeover 0 An openended offer of assistance to nations to choose between freedom and democracy or terror and oppression 0 Military support 0 Marshall Plan General George Marshall Truman s secretary of state spoke at Harvard s graduation ceremony and announced plan to rebuild Europe I 13326 billion in material and financial aid to 16 nations I Provide devastated countries with prosperity and rebuild governments so communists do not take over 0 conomic prosperity to relieve communist threat By 1951 Western Europe s industrial production had soared by 40 Marshall won Nobel Peace Prize in 1953 0 Joe McCarthy Wisconsin senator who began anticommunist crusade in 1950 o Claimed he had a list of 205 communists in the State Department 0 Fall began with attacks on the Army Signal Corps at Fort Monmouth New Jersey He said there were spies in the Signal Corps I Televised proceedings of the hearings and the Korean War led to his downfall I Senate censured him because he failed to substantiate the charges he made Chapter 14 o Domino Theory If one nation fell to the communists all the others in the region also would fall like dominoes 0 Vietnam War American involvement 0 Eisenhower sends advisers to Vietnam and two advisors are killed 0 Congress passes Gulf of Tonkin Resolution after 3 North Vietnamese PT boats attacked the US destroyer Maddox I Resolution gave the President total authority to pursue war 0 Vietnam War American opposition o Viet Cong launched the Tet Offensive I Attacked 30 major cities in South Vietnam I Offensive indicated that North Vietnamese were not giving up their effort to win the war 0 Nixon s strategy to end war in Vietnam Peace with honor January 271973 0 Who is soviet leader stirring up problems 0 hrushchev 0 Who is the president in the early 60s 0 Kenne y o The New Frontier Kennedy s program e corps 0 Apollo moon landing program 0 Test Ban Treaty 0 Nuclear Test Ban Treaty of 1963 Soviet Union Britain and the United States and later over 100 nations signed Prohibited all nuclear test explosions in the atmosphere or underwater 0 Kennedy legacy space program 0 George Wallace 0 segregation today segregation tomorrow segregation forever 0 Brown v Board of Education of Topeka ansas Overturns Plessy v Furguson separate but equal decision 0 End segregation in public schools 0 Leader of Civil Rights Movement 0 Martin Luther King 0 Social situation in the 60s troubled times Civil rights protests Women s rights protests 0 Vietnam protests o Shi in political balance 0 i 391 rights movement upset old balance between local and national authority 0 South began to move from Democratic Party to the Republican Party Chapter 15 0 Why high in ation in the 70s 0 Result of OPEC s raising petroleum prices Oil out of control 0 Why did the Soviet Union collapse 0 conom o No military spending 0 Oil prices collapse no income 0 Shi from New Deal to Laize faire Nixon wanted local control on I Civil ri hts I Education Wanted federal control of drug control 0 Nixon s trouble with Watergate scanda White House plumbers I roke in to Watergate hotel in Washington DC to get info on Larry O Brien the Democratic National Committee s chairman and the Democrats I Followed the money back to Nixon o What is his crime I Obstruction of Justice he ordered the CIA to halt the FBI s investigation of Watergate claiming national security asjusti cation I Abuse of Power he illegally used the FBI an CIA Chapter 2 History 106 Exam 1 Review The second half of the 193911 century experienced a movement toward a national economy and uni cation This resulted from several factors 0 remendous industrial and technological expansion occurred 0 Destruction ofIndian tribal life let to white settlers occupying the middle United States Indian Policy 0 Materialism and IndianWhite con icts led to the destruction of tribal life The whites wanted the land and the mineral wealth the land contained so they put the Indians on reservations This led to con ict Little Big Horn in Montana 2500 Sioux under the command of Sitting Bull Crazy Horse and RainintheFace killed General Custer and is 264215 troops Helen Hunt published a book titled A Century ofDirhonor It exposed the whites abuses to the Indians and Congress reacted by passing the Dawes Severalty Act The Dawes Severalty Act General Allotment Act of 1887 ndians could leave the reservations if they wanted to Offered each Indian head of household 160 acres for free and citizenship ifthe farnily remained on the land for 25 years Act failed It assumed that Indians would adopt white s lifestyle and become farmers and ranchers Indians didn t understand private ownership of land Their landwas communal By 1933 Dawes Act reduced Indian lands from 130 million acres to 47 million acres 0 AfricanAmericans They started to make progress after Civil War but it was shortlived 0 They were not allowed to vote Literacy tests Po 1 taxes I Grandfather clause estricted the vote to those whose grandfathers were quali ed to vote on Jan 1 1867 0 Two AfricanAmerican leaders emerged with con icting approaches for aiding AfricanAmericans I Booker T Washington 0 Born into slavery 0 Principal of Tuskegee Institute 0 Gave Atlanta C 39 r L which included 39 39 policy 0 Believed AfricanAmericans should learn useful trades adopt policy of selfhelp and acquire selfrespect so that white society would accept them They would gradually get political social and cultural acceptance Believed blacks had to prove themselves to whi es 00 I WEB DuBois 0 Born free 0 Polisci prof at Atlanta University 0 More confrontational than Washington 0 Stressed political activity and acquiring right to vote ant d to substitute e ucation and cultivating intelligence for Washington s emphasis on moneymaking Believed blacks were already to whites and didn t have to prove themselves 0 Today stresses success through politics and economics it s a combo ofboth approaches Homestead Act of 1862 Federal government offered each head of household 160 acres free for registration fee of 10 if they occupied land for 5 years The point was to encourage settlement ofthe west They spread out on Great Plains and into Rocky Mountains Not really successful I all they got was the land I couldn t afford seeds ect I got tricked into selling it I moved back 0000 Rail road building 0 Federal government gave railroad owners about 131 million acres 0 Point was to encourage westward expansion of population Chapter 3 Second half of 19m century marked by transition from an agricultural to an industrial United States Industrialization in Europe 0 Eng and and Germany were industrial leaders I England coal steal chemical textile amp banking I Gerrnany banking insurance shipping Aluminum Indust 0 Charles Martin Hall invented a direct current electrical process for the separation of aluminum 0 Took 3 years to get I thers tried to claim they discoveredinvented it first I Records taken by his sister helped him get the credit He created aluminum Telephone 0 Alexander Graham Bell invented and successfully demonstrated is before the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in Boston 39 inu qu39un 39 L 39 39 rinciple that A mction I Sound energy is converted to electrical energ Electricity travels at speed of light sound travels slow Electrical Indust 0 Thomas Edison was key figure 39son Electric Company in New York I He succeeded in lighting industrybecause he developed an electrical distribution system 0 E distributed direct current electricity from his generating station at about 120 volts 0 George Westinghouse I Westinghouse Electric Company in Pittsburgh I Used an alternating current instead of a direct current 0 amp reduced head and greater efficiency Acid Rain 0 Industrialization had disastrous effects on air quality 0 Robert Angus Smith discovered acid rain I High death rate I Atmosphere had effect on the blood s state Global Warming Discovered by Svante Arrhenius vestigated greenhouse effect arbon dioxide makes the atmosphere trap more of Earth s re ected heat like the glass of a greenhouse and produces a global warmin o Pointed out that doubling the amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere would produce an avg temp rise of 56 degrees C 0 Water Pollution o 39 se it 39 visible 0 Tried to solve problem with chlorine and something else 0 Large Corporations 0 Minors Califomia gold rush people homesteaders are overtaken by big companies I Goes from individual to commercia o Damagedeliminated existence of limited partnerships amp individual or family owned businesses o The public feared monopolies 0 Public reaction to Industrialization o 193911 ry writers cl 39 c 39 39 nrial Darwinism s survival ofthe ttest m r L 39 brought out the worst abuses of capitalism 0 Henry George I Wrote book called Progrem and Poveny o if 193911 century industrialism represented progress then why does so much poverty exist in the industrial cities 0 Criticized people who owned lots of city land and property and forced up the prices 0 Proposed single tax theory to end this All unjustified profits should be taxed 100 to end this immoral practice 0 Rise of labor unions immigration growth of cities emergence ofreformers Chapter 4 0 Average working conditions erage workweek I 60 hours 0 Average wage Unskilled 10 cents an hour I Skilled 20 cents an hour I Annual average 400500 o The Knights of Labor Earliest workers union Permitted every kind ofworker tojoin Included both skilled and unskilled to join Organized workers by industry coal steal ect Declined for lots of reasons Too idealistic wanted to own the mines factories and railroads they worked at I Grouped unskilled and skilled together I Blamed for violent strikes 0 Usually over wages amp working hours 0 Lives usually lost 0 Workers didn t gain anything 0 Administration usually won 0 American Federat n of Labor AFL 0 First president was Samuel Gom ers Restricted membership to skilled workers Organized workers by cra Had pragmatic outlook No ultimate goals other than better working conditions and higher wages for its members 0 Mergedwith CIO andtoday is AFLCIO o MarxismLeninism 0 Most repressive form of socialism o Abolishes private property ownership 0 One party rule or dictatorship of industrial working class Existed in old Soviet Union 0 o o o 0000 o Socialism 0 Never been successful in United States because I capitalism succeeded I the public regarded it as a foreign or alien movement 0 Immigrants 0 Life in city I Worked in factories I Low wages I Poor living conditions in slums o ercrowded tenements easily spread diseasestuberculosis suicides common 0 Overrepresented I Majority arrived in prime of life during working years 1445 I Mainly single men or men who had le their families behind o Assimilation C anged dress language and names I Did not change their religion 0 Boss Systemoriginated with arrival of immigrants Bosses I James Curley mayor of Boston I Frank Hague mayor of Jersey city I William Marcy Tweed in New York City 0 Assistance I Provided personal favors and construction projects 0 Reformers provided for immigrants because government wouldn t iving force was applied Christianity I Need to take care of basic needs before spiritual needs can be satisfied 0 Salvation Army I Provided material needs I Message The spirit cannot be reached when the esh is ignored The hungry must be fed before they can be expected to pray 0 Social Gospel Movement I Provided social needs I Municipal ownership ofthe cities utilities I Settlement house Jane Addams established most farnous Hull House Goal was to build a bridge between the old life in Europe and the new life in America for the immigrants Wanted to help improve material and emotional needs Provided language science and arts and cra s instruction meals concerts child care kindergarten Was first woman to receive Nobel Peace Prize for her work to promote international brotherhood and peace 0000 o The Cities Changed during last part of 193911 century because of immigration and industrialization o Sk crapers possible because I Elevator first was steam powered then electric I Steel framework 0 Transportation improved Horses Electricpowered trolleys Muledrawn street cars Electric street cars Buses Subways Autom obile Chapter 5 0 Changes in American education Elementary amp secondary public school system evolved into today s educational system American University changed too South got public school system after the Civil War Cities Set up public schools and supported them nancially ect Reading writing and arithmetic stressed I Recitation was method ofinstruction I Racism was the darker side to education It was very prevalent in textbooks and readers 0 Progressive Education 0 Openended and experimental 0 Active and unrestrained 0 John Dewey was leading advocate I Taught that action is knowledge and that knowledge is doing I Believed that 0 Public school was the chief means of social activity 0 Ideal school is a miniature socie y 0 Education is life not preparation for life Learning takes place by doing by reconstructing experiences 00000 0 o Morrill Land Grant Act of 1862 Justin Smith Morrill Vermont senator I Provided each state with 30000 acres of land for each congressman it had in office I Land was used for establishment of land grant colleges in the states 0 Cornell University 0 Endowed by Ezra Cornell with 500000 o Secular university with no religious affiliation 0 Private school and land grant schoo 0 Private Schools 0 Wealthy benefactors donated large sums of cash for h L quot h ofr 39 39 39 39 39 their name I John D Rockefeller University of Chicago 30 million Leland Stanford Stanford 20 million John Hopkins Baltimore 35 million Cornelius Vanderbilt Nash ille 1 million 0 Goals ofnew Universities freedom and scholarship 0 Freedom I For professors Recitation method disappeared replaced with seminar lecture method and laboratory instruction 0 They could specialize in their teaching I For students 0 Can choose electives 0 Scholarship I Undergrad instruction becarne advanced and specialized Students could select a major subject of study in humanities science or business 0 Graduate schools were established 0 Changes in Science 0 Progress in both theoretical and applied science I Professionalization of American science 0 ithsonian Institute 0 Established as result of 20 million gi to the United States from James Smithson English chernist I International recognition Nobel Prizes 0 Albert A Michelson I 1 American scientist to win I disproved magic substance called ether I won prize in physics 0 Theodore W Richards I Am i an scientist to win I Made accurate atomic weight deterrninations I Won in chemistry 0 Realism 0 Essence was to represent or depict life as it really was 0 Realism in Philosophy I Charles S Peirce William James amp John Dewey were leading pragmatists 0 ma isrn o Believed that truth changes and evolves 0 There is no such thing as absolute truths 0 There are many truths and they constantly change 0 Realism in Literature Mar Twain The adventures of Tom Sawyer o A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur 5 Court 0 The adventures of Huckleberry Finn o Morality of slavery 0 Relation ofthe individual to society 0 Nature and obligations of friendship I William Dean Howells o The Rire of Silas Lapham 0 Accuracy and detail very important I Henry James 0 The American 0 Portrait ofa Lady Contrasted innocence ofyoung America with sophistication of old Europe 0 Bostonian Women s movement I Stephen Crane 0 Maggie A Girl of the Streets 0 Young girl s fall from virtue to prostitution o The Red Badge ofCourage estructive forces of Civil War threaten to destroy young Union soldier but he is eventually able to over come them and win red badge of courage and survive the war 0 Realism in Architecture I uis Sullivan 0 Auditorium o Carson Pirie Scott Building 0 Guarantee Building 0 Formulated rule that form follows inction o Skyscraper s function required it to be tall so its design emphasized its height rather than detract from it I Us ng sweeping lines to emphasize height 0 Realism in Art emphasized reality in its representation oflife andnature I in ow Homer 0 The Fog Warning 0 Winter Coast 0 Thomas Eakins 0 Clinic of Dr Gram o Showed a man s butt and surgeon s bloody hangs 0 Clinic ofDr Agnew o Depicted a Woman undergoing a mastectomy for cancer James Whistler Whiriler 5 Mother Arrangement in Grey and Black chapter 5 chapter 7 chapter 8 chapter 9 History Exam 2 R w populists o Openly evangelical o Smallfarm owners from midwest and south 0 Small town merchants o Miners 0 Knights of Labor 0 Antiindustrial in a sense populists main points for programs d a ed income tax Direct election ofsenetors More s in circulation Immigration restriction tiative referendum andrecall in electoral process s 00000 i 0 Agricultural credit populists main weakness 0 Too radical 0 Mixed religion and politics too evangelical Oriented toward past not future populist party merged with Democrats 0 American foreign policy history ofit o r p i 39 I o neutralitv and political Evidence ofmore active foreign policy 0 panama canal Success of engineering and science 0 Spanish American war Open door policy in Asia European powers should recognize each other s trading rights in china 0 Roosevelt Corollary r AUS latin progressives o e new Eederalists o Believed in strong central government Nationalists and restora 39onis s o Believed that current government was insuf cient and cormpt progressives wanted 0 Real leaders city managers Vote on a recall of elected of cials Banking reform and tariffrefonn Im 39gration restriction Direct election ofsenators prohibition 0 Regulation ofcorporations progressives didn t like 0 political favoritism 000000 0 Boss sys em progressives liked standard oil because is was well managed well run ef cient and organized mencan uckrakers provided progressives with examples k a ers 39 39 39 M Muc rk e a r Samuel Hopkins Adams Ida Tarbell o Roosevelt Square Deal Roosevelt lays foundation for modern bureaucratic government 0 ey run the government with professionals n completes bureaucratic revolution Roosevelt placed big emphasis on Navy Wilson s n freedom from businesses Who wrote the Jungle 0 Harvey Wiley The Pure Food and Drug Act came out as a result Congress opposed pure Food and Drug Act Federal Reserve Act 0 Established 12 federal am a autonomy How did WW start 0 Why didn t it stay between Serbia and AustriaHungary o A iances 0 United States wanted a balance ofpower in Europe Who was on which side 0 ustn39oHungary Germany I r ey Bulgaria 0 Serbia Russia 39 France Chapter 10 B elgium Bntai E 1 s Italy Why did Japan enter war 0 They saw an opportunity to expand its sphere of intluence in China 0 The war was not fought strictly for idealistic purposes What was German plan to end the war quickly 0 Sc ieffen Plan Defeat France Russia then Britain Why did it take longer than expecte o Frenc won the battle ofMame Russia was the rst to withdraw WWI changed war 0 Both sides developedrapid re and machine guns 0 0 Transportation with the use oftrucks and automobiles o ommunications with the use of radio German Chemist Fritz Haber 0 nine r me production to continue war Conversion of nitrate to ammonia 0 He played a major role in developing Germany s gas warfare Change in policy about seas 0 Freedom ofthe seas Why United States entered the war 0 r under 39r Kaiser Wilhelm II it wanted a balance ofpower in Europe o Unrestricted submarine warfare Sank Lusitania British liner that had 128 Americans on board 0 zimmermantelegram Pm M4 L 39 39 39 L Atlnn What was Hitler s complaint 0 Harsh terms of the Treaty of Versailles What were long term effects ofWWI ritish gained Palestine Jordan and other Middle East lands 39a and Lebanon 0 French obtain Syn o Palestine would be divided for a homeland for the Jews 0 quot r quot 39 39 Amhia Me nnmamia Palestine and Syria 0 Established Czechoslovakia Peacefully split into Slovakia and Czech Republic 0 Established Yugoslavia War Industries Board 0 Bernard Baruch became head of the War Industries Board 0 Established priorities 0 set prices 0 made purchases to increase production 0 promoted standardization in manufacturing products Who was in charge of the Food Administration Program 0 Herbert Hoover Who was in charge of propaganda o Creel Committee on Public Information Why violence after WWI oxing was revitalized of 1 9 o Sedition Act 0 Eugene Debs received 10 year sentence for tellin a Three issues in the 20s 0 conomic 0 Political 0 Cultural 4 main divisions under economic issue 0 n strial 0 Financial 0 Labor 0 Agricultural What new industries emerged mmunication NBC and CBS controlledradio broadcasting 0 Electrical Westinghouse Electric General Electric Samuel Insull 0 Automobile Ford Motor Company Set up assembly line 0 Decreased production time Reduced price from 95010 650 39 General Motors Chrysler Company Politics divided 0 Federal vs local governments role Federal Manage economy Local Social and cultural Government s role in econ my ssist but not regulate the economy Promote business interests but not regulate economy Laissezfaire o o as Commerce Federal Reserve System and Bureau of Mines Economy a er the war 0 Good on surface 0 Wages only increased 7 for the decade 0 Farm income fell from 10 billion to 4 billion Billy Sunday 0 Former baseball player turned preacher o Claimed he saved a million souls and collected a million 3 for it 0 America was not a country for a dissenter to live in Red Scare 0 Best known social issue 0 AttomeyGeneral A Mitchell Palmer 0 J Edgar Hoover 0 They carried out raids on communists KKK First organized in Pulaski Tennessee Underwent a revival in Stone Mountain Georgia Wanted a racially pure Amenca all AngloSaxon protestant nemies were Catholics Jews AfncanAmencans and immorality 39 quotquot 39 1924 39 192 0000 O 8 unnum Presidenth contributions 0 Har 39 Return to normalcy a er domestic discord the Navy Probusiness silent cow Foreign policy was inactive Unem 1 en rises Anti union Economy booms wages doth Sets up ureaus Domestic policy was probusiness Supported high tariffs and low taxes Reduced existing high income brackets Why did Hoover win 0 No one else good ran Teapot Dome 0 Al ert Fall 0 Harry Sinclair re Americans forgot how to buy cautiously Fear debt and save any small surplus Made spending and credit a national necessity 0 Automobile industry 0 Electrici o dwar o eny What industries contributed to growth in 205 nsumer C 39 Before war 1 of5 households had electricity 19302 out of3 19404 out of5 0 Movies First talking move the jazz singer What constitutes modern 0 Specialization and having a white collar job 0 Paid annual vacation Prohibition 18 amendment 0 Followed by rise of organized crime andits leaders such as Al Capone Women s Suffrage o 19 amen ent Sigmund Freud vs Billy Sunday 0 39 Ampn39mn ncietv o Freud Introducedpsychoanalysis 0 Sunday Preached on evils ofsex and the blessings ofpatriotjsm Ma Ferguson 0 Evolution free love loss ofmorality Scopes Tri 0 Da on Tennessee Represented clash ofvalues 0 John Thomas Scopes First year science teacher charged with teaching evolution Jury deliberated 8 minutes and foun him guilty Courts overtumed conviction on technicality Le teaching and worked as geologist in Texas John B Watson 0 Published Behavionsm umans 39 39 39 39 rimmi Children were miniature adults and should be treated as such Changes in higher education 0 Enrolments in colleges began to increase Chm 1 u u ru


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