test 1 study guide
test 1 study guide CJ 303
Popular in Racial Minorities, Criminality, and Social Justice
Popular in Criminal Justice
This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Lauren Gray on Wednesday October 21, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to CJ 303 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Ebony Johnson in Winter2015. Since its upload, it has received 141 views. For similar materials see Racial Minorities, Criminality, and Social Justice in Criminal Justice at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.
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Date Created: 10/21/15
C 303 Study Guide 1 Race groupings among people that are understood as having a physical basis skin color common biological traits 0 skin color texture of hair and shape of eyes Ethnicity groupings among people based on cultural differences 0 Language religion customs Minority Group referring to a category of people differentiated from the social majority Stereotypes cognitive structures that contain our beliefs about social groups 0 Positive and negative 0 Assumes traits apply to all members of a group regardless of individual characteristics Prejudice tendency to think and feel negatively about members of other groups 0 Prejudgements 0 May be positive or negative Discrimination treatment or consideration based on group membership 0 Actual overt individual behavior 0 Ethnocentrism judging other cultures based off the standard of your own 0 Cultural racism the individual and institutional expression of the superiority of one groups cultural heritage over another I Arts crafts language traditions beliefs and values Merton s typology of prejudice and discrimination 0 Active Bigot prejudice and openly discriminatory O Timid Bigot prejudice but is afraid to discriminate because of societal pressures O Fairweather liberals not prejudice but discriminate anyway because of societal pressures O Allweather Liberal not prejudice and does not discriminate Institutionalized Racism covertly or overtly resides in the policies procedures operations and culture of public or private institutions reinforcing individual prejudices and being reinforced by them in return 0 Promoted by daytoday practices policies and procedures of social institutions 0 Residential segregation war on drug Disparity differences not always about discrimination 0 Discrimination differential treatment not based on behavior or qualifications 0 Factors contributing to disparity I Differentially involved 0 Poverty and unemployment I Economic inequality I Institutionalized racism 0 Residential segregation 0 War on drugs I Pretrial release decisions I Prior record I Severity of the offense 0 Racism refers to the attitudes beliefs and practices that are used to justify the superior treatment of one racial or ethnic group and inferior treatment of another racial or ethnic group O Overt traditional explicit racism I De jure segregation by law 0 Covert subtle and unintentional racism I De facto happens as matter of fact I Internalized Racism buying into beliefs of dominant culture and having negative thoughts on your own culture 0 Modern Racism O Subtle indirect unintentional O Operates outside of conscious awareness 0 Includes internalized privileges 0 Racism in the Criminal Justice system 0 some assert this as a myth I MacDonald I William willbanks 0 many assert this is not a myth 0 Coramae Richey Mann I systematic bias that exists in the system 0 Of cial statistics used to measure crime 0 UCR Uniform Crime Report 0 NCVS National Crime Victimization Survey 0 SelfReport I Incarceration statistics 0 Just know there is a gap 0 Racial hoax 0 intentionally directing law enforcement and media towards quotstereotypicalquot criminal groups 0 social structure theories 0 Many theories attempt to explain crime I Social strain I Differential association I Social disorganization I Culture con ict I Con ict I Routine activity 0 Social strain theory 0 Holds that each society has dominant values with acceptable methods of achieving goals 0 Social disorganization theory 0 Focuses on inner cities 0 Holds that poverty conditions reduce in uences that socialize people to be lawabiding I Values and behaviors are passed on 0social capital network of friends relationships and contacts 0 cultural capital education knowledge and skillstrade 0 Causes of inequality 0 power labor market innate ability education gender race and culture wealth condensation discriminationracism OOOOOO OLearned helplessness learned hopelessness a condition in which a person has learned to become helpless 0 when a person fails to respond even though opportunities present themselves for a person to escape 0 residential segregation physical separation of two or more groups 0 Civil rights movement and the Criminal Justice system 0 Transformed the Criminal Justice system 0 Old system institutionalized segregation I Minorities not allowed on juries I No minorities in Criminal Justice leadership positions 0 New system conscious effort to avoid segregation I Ended racebased courtroom policies I Ended racially segregated prisons I Police encouraged to address race relations issue
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