Week 9 Reading Guide
Week 9 Reading Guide ENVD 3114
Popular in History and Theory of ENVD: Buildings
Popular in Environmental Science
This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Asia Peters on Wednesday October 21, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to ENVD 3114 at University of Colorado taught by Lindsay,Georgia Lucille in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 48 views. For similar materials see History and Theory of ENVD: Buildings in Environmental Science at University of Colorado.
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Date Created: 10/21/15
Sunday December 20 y Week 9 Ch 14 Neoclassicism History of Buildings picturesque an aesthetic quality characterized by irregularity asymmetry ruggedness and a variety of texture and form folly a structure such as a tower or fake ruin built in a garden or park to complement a view Unbuilt paper arch architecture which exists only on paper or which has visionary qualities theoretical speculation Neoclassicism Western movements in the decorative and visual arts literature theatre music and architecture that draw inspiration from the quotclassicalquot art and culture of Ancient Greece or Ancient Rome Environmental Determinism climatic determinism or geographical determinism the belief that the physical environment predisposes human social development towards particular trajectories Laugier 17131769 a French Jesuit priest outlined his theory about architecture in the 1753 Essai sur l architecfure all architecture derives from these three essential primitive elements the column the entablature and the pediment The Primitive Hut Piranesi 4 October 1720 9 November 1778 an Italian artist famous for his etchings of Rome and of fictitious and atmospheric quotpnsonsquot Ledoux 21 March 1736 18 November 1806 one of the earliest exponents of French Neoclassical architecture He used his knowledge of architectural theory to design not Sunday December 20 y only domestic architecture but also town planning as a consequence of his visionary plan for the Ideal City of Chaux he became known as a utopian Boullee February 12 1728 February 4 1799 a visionary French neoclassical architect whose work greatly influenced contemporary architects author of Architecture essai sur art quotEssay on the Art of Architecture created designs for public buildings on a wholly impractical grand scale Strawberry Hill Twickenham London 1749 Gothic Revival villa built by Horace Walpole the type example of the quotStrawberry Hill Gothicquot style of architecture preiigured the nineteenth century Gothic revival added gothic features such as towers and battlements outside and elaborate decoration inside to create quotgloomthquot SteGenevieve Paris 17571792 Pantheon built by Soufflot the most important commission of the age central structural principles of great buildings of the past gothic lightness Corinthian columns on templefront mimic Temple of Venus plan resembling Mark s in Venice high central dome side domes over four arms Greek cross Monday December 21 y Cenotaph for Newton unbuilt funerary monument a 150m 500ft tall sphere encompassed by two large barriers circled by hundreds of cypress trees the design of the memorial creates the effect of day and night Panopticon a type of institutional building designed by the English philosopher and social theorist Jeremv Bentham in the late 18th century The concept of the design is to allow all pan inmates of an institution to be observed opticon by a single watchman without the inmates being able 7 1 M to tell whether or not they are being watched
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