STUDY GUIDE/PRACTICE EXAM & ANSWER KEY
STUDY GUIDE/PRACTICE EXAM & ANSWER KEY RELSTDS 102
Popular in World Religions
verified elite notetaker
Popular in Religious Studies
This 23 page Study Guide was uploaded by Amanda Bronge on Wednesday October 21, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to RELSTDS 102 at University of Wisconsin - Oshkosh taught by Dr. Jeffrey Kaplan in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 322 views. For similar materials see World Religions in Religious Studies at University of Wisconsin - Oshkosh.
Reviews for STUDY GUIDE/PRACTICE EXAM & ANSWER KEY
Gave an outline for what to study
-Casey Van Gheem
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 10/21/15
Study Guide Chapter 1 Enshallah De nition 1 Religions manifest eight possible elements belief system community central myths ritual ethics characteristic emotional experiences material expression and a science b sacredness c dualism d deconstruction 2 The belief that all is divine is called a Atheism b Monotheism c Pantheism d Agnosticism 3 argues that the existence of God cannot be proven a Agnosticism b Pantheism c Monotheism d Nontheism 4 Anthropologist believed that religion was rooted in spirit worship a James Frazer b E B Tylor c Sigmund Freud d Carl GustavJung 5 theorized that belief in God or gods arises from the longlasting impressions made on adults by their childhood experiences a James Frazer b E B Tylor c Sigmund Freud d Carl GustavJung 6 Rudolf Otto argued that religions emerge when people experience that aspect of reality which is essentially mysterious while believed that religion was a noble human response to the complexity and depth of reality a James Frazer b E B Tylor c Sigmund Freud d Carl GustavJung Study Guide 7 Religions express truth For example water can represent spiritual cleansing the sun health a mountain strength and a circle eternity a symbolically b prophetically c mystically d structurally In early religions the most signi cant female deity was particularly associated with and motherhood and has been known by many names such as Asherah Aphrodite and Freia a strength b wisdom c the arts d fertility When we look at the world39s dominant religions we see three basic orientations in their conceptions and location of the sacred sacramental prophetic and a mystical b spiritual c lmmanent d Animistic 10As an academic discipline the eld of religious studies is now more than years old a 10 b 25 c 200 d 2000 1 Nontheism a Deny Existence of Any Gods 2 Monotheism b quotAll Divinequot 3 Atheism c Worship the Sacred Reality of 4 Agnosticism many coexisting Gods 5 Polytheism d Unlimited by the world and all 6 Transcendent ordinary reality 7 PanthEism e Simply take no position in religion 8 Animism f To argue that the existence of God cannot be proven g One God h A worldwide view that sees all elements of nature being lled with spirt or spirits Study Guide 1 Mystical Orientation a Emphasizes carrying out rituals and 2 Sacramental Orientation ceremonies regularly 3 Prophetic Orientation b Stresses the contact with the sacred is ensured by proper belief and by adherence to moral rues c Seeks Union with a reality greater than one s self such as with God the process of nature the universe or reality as a whole Best De nition of Religion What does each religion NEED U PPUNE Chapter 2 Indigenous Religions 1 Although there is no agreement on how to speak of ancient religious ways they are often inadequately referred to as traditional aboriginal indigenous tribal primal native oral and basic Holistic Shamanistic Nonliterate Wakan apem 2 Indigenous religions exist generally within cultures in which every object and act may have a religious meaning Holistic Sacred Symbolic Sacri cial apem 3 In many Native American religious traditions there is little distinction between the human and animal worlds These native religions see everything in the universe as being alive a concept known as a Taboo Study Guide b Sacredness c Origins d Animism 4 Sacred Time is quotthe time of Among the Kuyukon people of the Arctic it is called quotdistant timequot and it is the holy ancient past in which gods lived and worked Among Australian Aborigines it is often called Dreamtime and it is the subject of much of their highly esteemed art Eternity Ceremonies Life cycles Gods apem 5 is the doorway through which the quotother worldquot of gods and ancestors can contact us and we contact them It is associated with the center of the universe and it can be constructed often in a symbolic shape such as a circle or square Dualism Sacred space Ceremony Eternity apem 6 Most indigenous religions have cosmic tales of their They frequently speak of a High God and make little distinction between god and an ancestor Life cycle Ceremonies Taboos Origins apem 7 In native societies everyday religious activity and practice are signi cant because their primary purpose is often to place individuals families and groups in quotright quot with gods ancestors other human beings and nature a Origins b Relationships c Ceremonies d Taboos 8 Special rituals mark a person s entry into adulthood n Native American religions a common ritual of early maturity is the quotvision questquot or M H Study Guide Dream quest Trance Sacred time Symbolic death apem 9 A is a rule that forbids speci c behavior with regard to certain objects people animals days or phases of life Sac ce Totem Taboo Divination apem 10An acts as an intermediary between visible ordinary world and the spirit world God Artist Totem Shaman apem What questions contributed to the beginning of a religion as a whole 1 2 3 4 Women are allowed to go on the ice but not touch the water during whale hunting T or F How does the Shaman get along with spirits Also how is the initiation process for him Three Fold Drama of suffering consumes of Describe the two options of how one becomes a Shaman 1 Study Guide apem O39QJ List the common or only locations of Shamanism 1 2 3 How can a Shamanic performance be done 1 2 Chapter 3 Hinduism 1 The culture that ourished in the Indus River valley before 2000 BCE is named the culture a Vedas b Harappa c Aryan d Indian 2 The ancient scriptures of India are called the There are four basic text collections the Rig the Yajur the Sama and the Atharva a Harappas b Sanskrits c Vedas d quotShining Fathersquot 3 Around 500 BCE Indian civilization experienced such widespread and important changes that the period is called the Age a Philosopher b Prophet c Axis d Ascetic 4 In the Upanishads the term refers to the experience of the sacred within nature and the external universe while refers to the experience of the sacred within oneself Both terms may be used interchangeably a Karma moksha Study Guide b Brahman Atman c Samsara moksha d Brahmins samsara 5 The is part of a very long epic poem called the Mahabharata it recalls themes from the Upanishads a Maya b Bhagavad Gita c Pandavas d Jainism 6 Hinduism has an system with ve main social classes Brahmin priest Kshatriya warriornoble Vaishya merchant shudra peasant and daituntouchable Work Educann Ritual Caste apem 7 The word yoga means quot a Contemplation b Enlightenment c Practice d Union 8 Shankara39s belief that spiritual liberation was achieved when the individual personally came to understand the unity of all things is called a Devotion bJnana c Momsm d Medta on 9 When linked together Brahma Vishnu and Shiva are often called the Trimurti Shiva Hindu Sacred text apem Study Guide 10Mohandas Gandhi s use of techniques including marches hunger strikes talks demonstrations and publicity was adopted by Martin Luther King Jr to help protest racial segregation in the United States a Traditional b Nonviolent c Disruptive d Mahatma Sacred Places 1 Jerusalem a Most sacred place for Christians 2 Dome of the Rock b Black Stone Made from Meteorite 3 Western Wall c Most sacred place split into three 4 Tomb of Sepulcher quarters 5 Mosque of Mecca d One of the most sacred places in 6 Qa39ba Israel e Most holy place in the Islamic world f A place you will NEVER SEE WOMEN in Jerusalem Two formerly sacred places Locations Contested Sacred Places 1 Al Sskariya Golden Mosque a Museum of the holocaust now 2 Mass grave at Bergen Belsen sacred space to commemorate 3 Yad Vashem an event 4 Oklahoma City Memorial b One of the roots of the Islamic State c One Truck Bomber now true Christian Memorial d Nazi Concentration Camp Became sacred after WWII Stages of Life in Hinduism and Description 1 2 3 4 Men and Women both go through these phases T or F The Caste System composes of And descriptions Study Guide The Untouchables are in the Caste System T or F 1 Vishnu a Destroys Goddess of Power 2 Shiva Parvati 3 Brahma b Goddess of love beauty and 4 Kali delight Lakshmi c Goddess of knowledge and creator of the world Saraswati d Goddess of Destruction amp Dissolution destroys bad Involved with Shiva Four Types of Veda Text And descriptions PWN Place these words in the correct categories Eastern Traditions Western Traditions Time is Cylindrical Textual Matter is Permanent Both worlds and humans follow same patterns of birth and death Faith Based Experiential Time is Linear Everything is lmpermanent Teleological History Vivekananda39s accomplishments Who was Paramahansa Yogananda What did Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada spread What was the name of his religion Study Guide Chapter 4 Buddhism 1 At the core of what is generally regarded as basic In Buddhism as in Hinduism Siddhartha39s encounters with an old man a sick man a corpse and a wandering holy man which prompted him to leave his luxurious and care free life are called the Temptations Four Passing Sights Enlightenment Awakening apem After Siddhartha spent an entire night meditating under a full moon he nally achieved insight into release from suffering and rebirth Buddhists believe that he reached a profound understanding called his Dharma Stupa Asceticism Enlightenment apem are the Three Jewels the Buddha the Dharma and the Sangha a Suffering b Enlightenment c Buddhism d Existence According to Buddhism reality manifests three characteristics constant change lack of permanent identity and the existence of a Truth b Suffering c Death d Deprivation According to a view common to all forms of Buddhism reality manifests constant change This view is the foundation for the and the Four Noble Truths Noble Eightfold Path Tripitaka Maitreya Vehicle of the Diamond Dharmakaya TendaLJodo apem suggests decay and pain a change b Four Noble Truths c samsara Study Guide d reality 7 Liberation from decay and pain is called a Nirvana b Samsara c Sangha d Awakening 8 The key notions of Buddhism are trikaya the quotthree body doctrinequot shunyata quotemptinessquot and tathata quotthatnessquot a Ahimsa b Theravada c Mahayana d Vedic 9 ln Buddhist countries one great celebration Vesek recalls the birth the enlightenment and the death of Buddha It is celebrated at the time of the full moon in May a Western b OBon c Mahayana d Theravada 10ln Tibetan Buddhism the executive head of the Gelugpa is called the Dalai Lama which means quot The Awakened Ocean superior one Heavenly bodhisattva Compassion Duncp What Three Jewels does Buddhism Encompass 1 2 3 Who was SakyamaniGuatama If he lived at all Some details of Buddha39s life Select the right ones Goal to reach Nirvana Surrounded by Luxury and wanted to gain ultimate wisdom by travel Was a monk Grew up poor but became a success in the religious world Both a amp b Dunc91 Study Guide Name of the Book Herman Hesse wrote About what person Mother of Siddhartha How did Siddhartha s life go from beginning to end Karma in Buddhism is similar to Karma in Hinduism T or F Name the Six Stages of Rebirth P P PP NE The Basic Doctrines of Buddhism are the Four Noble Truths and the Eightfold Path please describe these in detail The Four Noble Truths PWF The Eightfold Path Uquot39gt quot 39 Study Guide Two Forms of Buddhism Which one has a lot of schools and the greater majority follows Next for that all temples have been destroyed and scriptures are in Pa Language Chapter 6 Chinese Religions 1 Confucianism Daoism and Buddhism have been collectively called the Three a Jewels b Doctrines c Schools d Institutions 2 The legendary founder of Daoism is which means quotold masterquot or quotold childquot a Mencius b Confucius c Laozi d Mozi 3 The great classic of Daoism the is the origin of everything and all individual things are quotmanifestationsquot of it a Daode ng b Tripitaka c Three Baskets d Doctrines 4 According to Daoism the is the origin of everything and all individual things are quotmanifestationsquot of it a Yin b Dao c Jiva d Qi 5 One of the stimuli that in uenced Daoism to take an organizational path was a Hinduism b Buddhism Study Guide c d Jainism Christianity 6 For Confucians the Dao of primary interest is the Dao within the human world manifested in c d a Right relationships and a harmonious society b Traditional mountain sites and heavenly constellations Natural signs and symbols Complex meditation and universal love 7 The Five Great Relationships signify that each person must live up to his or her social status This has been called the apem Recti cation of names Path of righteousness Way of the gods Enlightenment 8 The devotion that all members have to their entire family39s welfare is a Shu b c d Wen Junzi Xiao 9 The most authoritative Confucian literature is made up of Five Classics Wujing and the 10The NeoConfucianist apem Books Sishnu Three Four Five Two attempted to formulate a general vision of reality by using notions found in the teachings of Confucius and Mencius a b c d Zhu Xi Laozi Mao Zedong Wang Yangming YinYang representation with Daoism and Confucianism Differences between Confucianism and Daoism Food Examples Structures Study Guide Upanishads are the most important books of Confucianism T or F The King and founder of Confucianism His occupation 5 Great Relationships Confucianism follows PWF E The two great thinkers of Daoism and a little bit about their history 1 a What did he write 2 The three Chief Concepts of Daoism 1 2 3 Aside from the differences in these religions what are some similarities Answer Key to Study GuidePractice Exam Chapter 1 Enshallah Def If God Wills P P PWF unwgtnw Study Guide 7 A 8 D 9 A 10C Next Section HQWRWNE Iwonmgtmm 1C 2A 33 Best De nition of Religion Ordered Pattern of mvths and svmbols which allow oeoole to out an order to a disordered universe What does each Religion NEED Myth of Origin Sacred Time Holidays etc Sacred Space Sacred Text Religious Specialists U PPUF Chapter 2 NP P PP N wUUUJgtUJgtn Study Guide 8 A 9 C 10D What questions contributed to the beginning of religion as a whole 1 Where do we come from 2 Where do we go after death 3 Why are we here 4 Why do bad things happen to good people and vice versa Women are allowed to go on the ice but not touch the water during whale hunting FALSE they are not allowed on the ice or in the water at all during whale hunting The only ability they have is to cut the meat How does the Shaman get along with spirits Also how is the initiation process for him Shamans interact as a middle man between the real world and the spirit world thev usuaIIv are helping or directino him The initiation process is verv harsh and excruciating Three Fold Drama of suffering consumes of Intense pain a dormant body while spirits ght for possession of the Shamans souI Describe the two options of how one becomes a Shaman 1 Hereditary a Inherits Power from family b Identi ed as successor from childhood c Removed from peers usually an outsider d Trained and initiated 2 Chosen a More powerful this way b Most try to resist from becoming Shaman c UsuaIIy begins with sickness or near death experience List the common or only locations of Shamanism 1 North American Arctic 2 Siberia 3 Australia How can a Shamanic Performance be done 1 Privately Qualgi 2 PubHcaHy Study Guide Chapter 3 PWNP P PWNE O Sacre Places UUI39I39IJgtquot39Un 9 UUgtnUwannUU P P PP N Two Formerly sacred places Locations 1 Temple of Apollo Center of Greek Religion Found in Delphi Greece 2 Finnish Suana Where children were born were ill were killed In Finland Contested Sacred Places 1 2 3 4 OJgtUW Stages of Life in Hinduism and Description 1 Student Young in school 2 Householder Has family 3 Retiree Forest Dweller 4 Ascetic Leaves regular life to be one with nature Men and Women both go through these phases F ust men The Caste System Composes of The Caste Svstem is composed of 4 groups The too are the Brahmins second are the Kshatriva third the Vaisvas and the fourth is the Sudras The Brahmins are the priests who are of much importance and usually lighter skinned The Kshatriya39s contain Warriors or Kings The Vaisyas contain Study Guide Merchants or Landowners The Sudra which is the lowest of the low contains the peasants and servants The Untouchables are in the caste system FALSE they are not in the caste system They are of the EXTREME low people and are known to quotpollutequot pe0ple Next Section 13 2A 3C 4D Four Types of Veda Text And descriptions Samhitas Metric Text Brahmanas The Aranyakas Most horrible books you ll ever read hard to follow Upanishads Most important focuses on stories The Greatest is Mahabharata Bhagavad Gita is one of the best as well ewwe Eastern Traditions Time is Cylindrical Everything Is Impermanent Both worlds follow ExpenenUal Western Traditions Time is Linear Matter is permanent Teleological History Faith Based Textual Vivekananda39s Accomplishments Speaker at the Parliament of Relioions Thomas Edison Recorded it Hinduism used to be more tolerant but has politically changed Who was Paramahansa Yogananda Followed Vivekananda You mav not follow eastern relioions but there are elements in their religions that you can use Idea of being neither male nor female prettv man Svncrotism Two Religions become one What did Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada spread What was the name of his religion His dream was to come here and spread religion he had a problem of getting in America thouoh Sand in the Park burnouts followed along Arrived in Study Guide 1965 this religion of ISKON spread quickly and became huge when the Beatles studied Chapter 4 H P gt P P gtwl 39 Ungtngtwnuw Io I W What Three Jewels does Buddhism Encompass 1 The Buddha 2 The Dharma Buddhist Way 3 The Sangha Community of Monks Who was SakyamaniGuatama If he lived at all Born 563 BC brought up as a prince He was dissatis ed with emptiness of life and search for truth lead him to enlightenment Some details of Buddhas life Select the right ones Answer e Name of the Book Herman Hesse wrote About what person Name of Book Siddhartha about the Spiritual selfiournev of a man named Siddhartha during the time of Guatama Buddha Mother of Siddhartha How did Siddhartha s life go from beginning to end Queen Mahamava she becomes pregnant after having a dream about a white tusked elephant Prince Siddhartha was pampered with compassion at a young age Left family when he got older for a journey to start a homeless life and meditates to reach Enlightenment Karma in Buddhism is similar to Karma in Hinduism True save for a far greater emphasis on compassion Name the Six Stages of Rebirth God in the Heavens Angels who serve the gods in the heavens Humans Animals Fish birds insects plants Hungry Ghosts U PPUF Study Guide 6 Demons and Punished souls in the hells The Basic Doctrines of Buddhism are the Four Noble Truths and the Eightfold Path please describe these in detail Four Noble Truths 1 All existence is suffering We want to get out of 2 The cause of suffering is ignorant craving for pleasure striving for life and the assumption that everything ends at death said to be negative because we always want more 3 Suffering can cease by withdrawal from and renunciation of craving 4 The path that leads to the end of suffering is the Eightfold Path The Eightfold Path 1 Right Understanding Understanding the nature of suffering in the world Right Thought Having the desire to want to practice Buddhism Right Speech Avoidance of lies and slander speak good Right Action DO the right things make the right choices Right Livelihood Make a career doing good things abstain from degrading jobs Right Moral Effort Keeping a peaceful state of mind traf c example 7 Right Mindfulness Really aware that life is suffering and how it happens in your life 8 Right Concentration Meditation The road to accomplishing all the others U PPUN 9 Two Forms of Buddhism Which one has a lot of schools and the greater majority follows Mahayana Next for that all temples have been destroyed and scriptures are in Pali Language Hinayana Chapter 6 09 wa igtUUUJgtJgtUUUUJgtnoU o I Study Guide YinYang representation with Daoism and Confucianism Daoism represents Yin and more feminine dark Confucianism represents Yand the lidht showing more masculinitv These two balance each other rather than them competing for dominance The dots mean thev each have a little bit of each other within each other Differences between Confucianism and Daoism Food Examples Structures Confucianism is much more based on politics and economv Following a verv soecific hierarchv or familv ruling and reoularitv More of the older beliefs in China all of the temples have been destroyed or taken over and now this is simplv a way of life Food Representation example is Steak Daoism is all about being different Men do not like the hierarchv that is expected to be followed in Confucianism Main goal is to be real and sincere Food representation is Hot and Sour Soup and Mushrooms Upanishads are the most important books of Confucianism False the Analects are the most important The King and founder of Confucianism His occupation Confucious was born Kung Futzu Was an actual living man who was a teacher His writinos and his ideas were seen as so wise that after he died his work started doing uo to the emperors 5 Great Relationships Confucianism follows 1 FatherSon most important responsible for all aspects of life 2 Elder BrotherYounger Brother second in command 3 HusbandWife since the husband provides so much protection the wife owes complete obedience 4 ElderYounger TeacherStudent 5 RulerSubject Political The two great thinkers of Daoism and a little bit about their history 3 Lao Tzu Founder A librarian a What did he write Wrote Tao Ti Chino 4 Chung Tzu The Genius of Asian Religion The three Chief Concepts of Daoism 1 WuWei Avoid unnecessary action that39s not spontaneous 2 lmitate Nature 3 Simplicity Give up learning and give an ending to troubles Aside from the differences in these religions what are some similarities Folk religion has gods spirts and ghosts Study Guide Tian Heaven the way of life the spiritual aspect of life All believe in Ancestor Worship no hungry ghosts Respect and worship them or bad things will happen
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'