Chapter 6- Memory
Chapter 6- Memory Psychology 121-4
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This 2 page Study Guide was uploaded by Emily Arne on Thursday October 22, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to Psychology 121-4 at Missouri State University taught by Dr. Sarah A. McNew in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 27 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Psychology 121 in Psychlogy at Missouri State University.
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Date Created: 10/22/15
Psychology 122 9915 Chapter 6 Concept of Memory 1 What is memory a Encoding converting environmental and mental stimuli into memorable brain codes b Storage holding onquot to encoded information c Retrieval pulling information from storage 2 Models of Memory a Information processing model Assumes the processing of information for memory storage is similar to the way a computer processes memory in a series of three stages i Sensory memory ii Short Term iii Long Term unlimited limitless 3 Parallel Distributed Processing PDP Model 9 Memory processes are proposed to take place at the same time over a large network of neural connections 4 Levels of Processing Shallow 9 What does it look like 9 What does it sound like 9 What does it mean Deep 9 Levels of processing model assumes information that is more deeply processedquot or processed according to its meaning rather than just the sound or physical characteristics of the word or words will be remembered 5 Selective attention 9 The ability to focus on only one stimulus from among all sensory input 6 Shortterm memory 9 Memory system in which information is held for brief periods of time while being used 7 Working memory 9 An active system that processes the information in shortterm memory 8 Elaborative Rehearsal 9 A method of transferring info from STM into LTM by making that information meaningful in some way 9 Forgetting 9 Failure to properly encode or store information for future use or failure to retrieve the information out of memory 10 Interference Theory a Proactive Interference 9 information learned EARLIER interferes with information learned LATER b Retroactive Interference 9 Information learned LATER interferes with information learned EARLIER
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