Exam 1 - Study Guide
Exam 1 - Study Guide HST 122 012
Popular in Survey of the History of the United States since 1877
Popular in History
This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Emily Arne on Thursday October 22, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to HST 122 012 at Missouri State University taught by Roggensees in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 268 views. For similar materials see Survey of the History of the United States since 1877 in History at Missouri State University.
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Date Created: 10/22/15
1 Emily Arne History 122 Exam Study Guide How did Southerners attempt to limit the freedom of former slaves during reconstruction How did these efforts succeed and how did they fail What steps did Congress take to respond to these acts When and how did these efforts end Answer They attempted to limit the freedom of former slaves by using Jim Crow laws by separating blacks from whites As freed slaved tried to establish a new life for themselves and take advantage of the new rights under the 14th and 15th amendments politicians and southerners used insidious legislation and intimidation to try and keep the power they had over the former slaves White landowners tried to force blacks into labor on large plantations however because of emancipation it enabled them to rent their own land Once the Republican Party took control of Reconstruction they forced southern state legislatures to repeal many of the black codes Describe the responses of artists naturalists and conservationists to the western landscape How did their photographs paintings and stories shape perceptions of the West in the East How did show business capitalize on the image of the West What role did artistic expressions have in American culture Answer People in the east craved the stories paintings and photographs of the West These typically depicted majestic mountain ranges and waving meadows of long grasses The landscapes were so vivid that they projected an aura of the West Buffalo Bill Cody captured the public s imagination with his Wild West Show featuring cowboys How did urban life change during the Gilded Age How did economic development affect residential patterns How did the middle class aspire to live during the Gilded Age How did their lifestyles compare with those of the workingclass urbanites Answer The major change in urban life during the Gilded Age is that there was just so much more of it the number of people living in American cities boomed Economic development and the development of public transit changed residential patterns by moving the more af uent out to the suburbs while the poorer people were stuck near to the factories where they worked The middle classes aspired to live more like the rich as usual The working class lived in much more crowded conditions than the middle class 4 What were the major causes and consequences of the Populist movement of the 1880s and 1890s Why did the election of 1896 prove so important to the future of American politics What legacy did the Populists leave for future Americans Answer The populists were a combination of midwest southern and western farmers as well as middle class workers The Republican and Democratic parties failed to take into consideration the problems the farmers and workers faced The election of 1896 proved so important to the future of American politics because they wanted to prove that it was the beginning of a Progressive Era 5 Describe American foreign policy during the 1890s Why did the United States intervene in Cuba and the Philippines What were some of the leading arguments for and against overseas expansion What legacy has American expansionism of the 1890s left Americans today Answer Relations with Spain over Cuba simmered for most of the 1890s In 1898 T Roosevelt and Henry Cabot Lodge called for expansion into Cuba because of its key domination of the Caribbean On January 12 1898 the battleship Maine was ordered to Havana harbor On Apr 25 1898 Congress declared war on Spain The reasons why the US wanted to intervene into Cuba was because US had many businesses based in Cuba and the US wanted to make sure those businesses could stay there and keep making money There are legacies good and bad that were left in the American expansionism however I think the US has left a legacy of ill will and distrust of the US throughout Latin America 6 Discuss some of the problems accompanying the expansion of government during the late nineteenth century What role did political parties play in the process Describe some of the machine politicians and reformers who competed to set government policy during this period Which side was most successful Explain why Answer The most cruel and discussed problem was slavery Every time they brought in a new state into the union there were arguments from both sides on whether to make it a slave state or not Also there were problems with the Native American side was their land and they were losing it because of the expansion 7 Discuss the sources of economic growth in the decades after the Civil War Historians often refer to this period as the era of the second industrial revolution Do you agree with this description Explain why Answer The main sources of economic growth were Reconstruction of the South The south was largely agrarian with little to no industry or manufacturing The biggest source of industry was in the form of railroads that were vital for the development of industry and mane In that they facilitated the movement of labor and materials and the distribution of finished product for sale in distant markets Many northemers went south in search of economic opportunities and were looked upon with derision by the southern population and called carpetbaggers and scalawags 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Emily Arne History 122 Exam Study Guide Vocab The Ku Klux Klan Known as the KKK is the name of three distinct past and present movements in the US which have advocated extremist reactionary currents such as white supremacy white nationalism and antiimmigration The rst Klan was established in 18605 There are 3 movements of the KKK all who have called for puri cation of American society and are considered part of rightwing extremism Radical Republicans The Radical Republicans were a faction of American politicians within the Republican Party from about 1854 until the end of Reconstruction in 1877 Sharecropping It is a system of agriculture in which a landowner allows a tenant to use the land in return for a share of the crops produced on the land Tenure of Of ce Act was a US federal law that was intended to restrict the power of the President of the United States to remove certain of ce of ceholders without the approval of the Senate The law was enacted on March 3 1867 over the veto of President Andrew Johnson Abraham Lincoln He was born Feb 12 1809 and was the 16th President of the United States serving from March 1861 until his assassination in April 1865 Lincoln led the US through its Civil War its bloodiest war and its greatest moral constitutional and political crisis In doing so he preserved the Union abolished slavery strengthened the federal government and modernized the economy Tammany Hall it was the name given to the Democratic political machine that dominated New York City politics from the mayoral victory of Fernando Wood in 1854 through the election of Fiorello LaGuardia in 1934 National Reclamation Act of 1902 is a United States federal law that funded irrigation projects for the arid lands of 20 states in the American West Yellowstone National Park It is a national park located primarily in the US state of Wyoming although it also extends into Montana and Idaho It was established by the US Congress and signed into law by President Ulysses S Grant on March 1 1872 It has many types of ecosystems but the subalpine forest is most abundant It is part of the South Central Rockies forests Eco region Native Americans have lived in the Yellowstone region for at least 11000 years 9 Helen Hunt Jackson She was born October 15 1830 and was an American poet and writer who became an activist on behalf of improved treatment of Native Americans by the US government 10 Theodore Roosevelt born October 27 1858 was an American statesman author explorer soldier naturalist and reformer who served as the 16th president of the United States from 1901 to 1909 He was also a leading force of the progressive era 11 Tenements A room or a set of rooms forming a separate residence within a house or block of apartments 12 The Knights of Labor was the largest and one of the most important American labor organizations of the 1880s Its most important leader was Terence V Powderly 13 The Pendleton Civil Service Reform Act It is a federal law established in 1883 that decided that government jobs should be awarded on the basis of merit instead of political affiliation It also made it illegal to fire or demote government officials for political reasons and prohibited soliciting campaign donations on Federal government property 14 Populism Is a strange political beast as nobody knows what it is and fewer identify with it but in theory should be the prevailing political ideology in a democracy It also defines it as the belief in the rights wisdom or virtues of the common people Populism is closely aligned with antielitism 15 William Jennings Bryan He was born March 19 1860 and was an American orator and politician and a dominant force in the populist wing of the democratic party standing three times as the Party s candidate for President of the United States e
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