Mass Communication Law
Mass Communication Law MMC 3200
University of Central Florida
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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Shad Huel on Thursday October 22, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to MMC 3200 at University of Central Florida taught by Kimberly Voss in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 147 views. For similar materials see /class/227642/mmc-3200-university-of-central-florida in Mass Media Communication at University of Central Florida.
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Date Created: 10/22/15
Specific Cases Titan Sports v Turner Broadcasting o Developed the need for a definition of journalist for those claiming the Shield Law Pennekmap v Florida 0 For contempt of the court to be upheld it needs to have clear and present danger in the courtroom Nebraska Press Association v Stuart 0 Established the need for the Nebraska Press Association Test Richmond Newspapers v Virginia 0 Establishes the right to attend criminal trails Branzburg v Hayes 0 Gave us the Stewart Test Zurcher v Stanford Daily 0 Established the Privacy Act of 1980 Sheppard v Maxwell 0 The media influenced the jury too much 0 A trial can be overturned if the jury is overinfluenced by the media I It is the judge s responsibility to ensure a fair trial Murphy v Florida 0 You can have prior knowledge of the case and still be an impartial juror Chandler v Florida 0 Cameras in the courtroom are now okay TermsConcepts Clearly Act 0 all colleges and universities that participate in federal financial aid programs to keep their and disclose information about crime on and near their respective campuses FOIA o Exceptions National Security Housekeeping Law Enforcement I Forces transparency of government Open MeetingsSunshine Laws 0 Every government activity should be open to the public I Exceptions discussion of personnel involvement in a lawsuit Privacy Protection Act of 1980 0 Federal state and local police agencies who seek a journalist s work products or other documentary materials must get a subpoena for these materials rather than seize them under the authority of a search warrant FERPA Buckley Amendment 0 Student records or files must be kept confidential Collateral Bar RuleDickinson Rule o All court orders even those that appear to be unconstitutional and are later deemed to be unconstitutional by an appellate court must still be obeyed until they are overturned Shield Law 0 Journalists don t have to reveal their sources I Journalist someone who acts like a journalist and who gathers information with the intent to distribute said information Stewart Test 0 In Grand Jury if a journalist has to testify it must follow these three parts I Government must prove probably cause that the journalist has information that is central to the case I There is no other way to gain this information I The government has compelling interest Contempt of CourtLimits of Contempt 0 When you don t follow a judge s orders I A monetary fine or jail time Pretrial Publicity amp Remedies 0 Change of Venue I Moving the trial to another community in the same state 0 Change of Venireman I Instead of moving the trial you would bring in jurors from another community Continuance v Timeliness Admonish I Cases should be determined by the evidence presented in the court only not what the media presents o Sequester I Stick the jury in a hotel and don t let them access any type of media internet tv cell phones etc First vs Fourth amp Sixth Amendments 0 First vs Sixth I Freedom of Speech vs The Right to a Fair and Speedy Trial 0 First vs Fourth I Reports aren t allowed to follow police officers onto private property Restrictive OrdersGag Orders 0 Restricts what the press can say I Very rare preventing one media outlet from printing information no longer means that they jury will not receive that information elsewhere We have the internet now 0 Restricts what the trial participants can say I Must be narrowlytailored I Must have an end date Nebraska Press Association Test 0 A test to determine if we can restrict the press from publishing information 3 parts I It must be a high publicity case I No other remedies work I Will prevent potential jurors from being exposed First Amendment amp Right to Court Access 0 Presumptively Open Court Documents 00 I Bail hearings voir dire sentencing court docket prepost trial search warrants 0 Closing Court Proceedings 0 Grand Jury proceedings out of court settlements protective orders national security issues
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