Applied Human Anatomy and Biomechanics
Applied Human Anatomy and Biomechanics PEP 300
Popular in Course
Popular in Physical Education
This 2 page Study Guide was uploaded by Brooklyn Haag on Friday October 23, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to PEP 300 at University of Idaho taught by Staff in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 39 views. For similar materials see /class/227792/pep-300-university-of-idaho in Physical Education at University of Idaho.
Reviews for Applied Human Anatomy and Biomechanics
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 10/23/15
Study Guide for Muscles STUDY HINTS FOR LEARNING MUSCLE ATTACHlVIENTS AND ACTIONS Students are advised to do a minimum amount of pure memorization quotThink through the information to be learned Apply concepts learned in class What makes sense Use common sense 1 Familiarize yourself with general locations names and appearances of the muscles you will be learning You should be able to identify each muscle to be studied on a wall chart or in the illustrations in your book before proceeding Remember that the name of a muscle often tells you something about the muscle itself a attachments 6 V number of divisions location 0 V G V direction of bers e shape f action length or size on V digitorum attaches to the digits toes or ngers digiti minimi attaches to little toe or little nger hallucis attaches to the big toe pollicis attaches to the thumb plantar pertains to the sole of the foot palmar pertains to the palm of the hand carpi attaches to the wrist capitis attaches to the head cervicis attaches to the cervical region or neck thoracis attaches to the thorax lumborum attaches to the lumbar region biceps triceps quadriceps tibialis femoris anterior ulnaris posterior profundus deep rectus straight oblique transversus deltoid triangular trapezius kite rhomboids quadratus exor levator tensor tense a part pronator brevis longus major minor Try to determine what bones each muscle attaches to from the knowledge gained in step one Do not learn too many details about muscle attachments at rst Once you are familiar with the general bones of attachment you should learn more speci c attachments so that you can accurately describe the line of pull of the muscle Try to determine the actions of each muscle from your knowledge of the following a General location of the muscle ie anterior posterior medial lateral etc Generally anterior muscles produce anterior movements medial muscles produce medial movements and so on Muscles do not usually perform both actions that are antagonistic to each other ie a muscle would not usually eX and eXtend at the same joint Once you know the general rule then it will be easy to learn the speci c exceptions to the rule Study Guide for Muscles 6 V The joints crossed by the muscle In order to produce action at a joint a muscle or more often its tendon must cross over the joint Some muscles cross more than two joints as a general rule muscles produce actions at all joints that they cross 0 V The relation of the muscle s line of pull to the center of the joint If a muscle s line of pull is anterior to a joint then the muscle will de nitely cause an anterior movement unless some other force eXtemal or another muscle overcomes its force production 9 V The possible axes of motion of the joint as determined by the structure of the joint itself EXAMPLE Hinge joints only allow eXion and eXtension movements Even if the line of pull is medial medial movement adduction will not occur because of the joint structure 4 You should try to determine the muscles that produce each possible movement at each joint In other words determine which muscles belong to which functional muscle groups Remember that muscles usually work in groups rather than alone A muscle can belong to more than one functional muscle group although a muscle does not usually belong to two groups that are antagonistic to each other eg a muscle would not usually belong to both the exors and eXtensors of the knee You will probably go back and forth between steps 2 and 3 Knowledge of muscle attachments will help you better understand muscle lines of pull and the actions that the muscles produce However knowledge of actions of the muscles can help you better remember muscle attachments as well Study in as many different ways as possible using ash cards muscle models muscle diagrams individual and group skeletons and palpation of muscles Group the muscles as much as possible according to action specialized functions attachments and locations When the actions and attachments make sense you will be more likely to remember them Adapted from Barham JN amp Wooten ER 1973 Structural kinesiology New York The Macmillan Company pp 6971
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'